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Physics Project

Physics Project

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Published by dj gangster

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: dj gangster on Mar 29, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2013

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AIM 
 TO STUDY THE VARIATION OF ELECTRICALRESISTANCE OFFERED BY THEELECTROLYTE DUE TO CHANGE IN THECONCENTRATION OF ELECTROLYTESOLUTION
INTRODUCTION
ELECTROLYTES - Are substances whichallow the passage of electricity throughtheir molten state or their aqueoussolutions and allow chemical
 
decomposition at the same time eg. Acids,bases and salts.ELECTROLYTIC CONDUCTION - There is aflow of electric current through theelectrolytes with the motion of ions whichare formed due to the dissociation of somemolecules of the electrolyte.OHM’S LAW – It states that under constantphysical conditions such as temperature ,pressure etc. the current flowing throughthe conductor is directly proportional tothe potential difference across the twoends of the conductor.Mathematically,V = IRWhere,V = potential difference across the ends of the conductor,I = electric current through the conductorand,R=resistance offered to the path of theelectric current by the conductor
 
 
Resistance vs. theconcentration of electrolytes
Using appropriate electrolytes and keepingthe other factors constant , theconcentration of a particularelectrolyte(CuSo) was varied by intervalsof 1%. Readings of resistancescorresponding to different concentrationsranging from 1-10% were taken.Expected result – the resistance of theelectrolyte solution is expected todecrease with increase in concentration.With increase in concentration , thenumber of ions due to dissociation of electrolyte increases. Since the rate of flow of charge is directly proportional tothe number of ions, hence conductivity of the electrolyte increases and theresistance of the electrolyte decreases.

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