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IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

IB Physics Core Syllabus Summary 2009 Draft1

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Published by Catherine Zhu
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.
These are study notes compiled by summarizing textbooks such as Tsoko's and the Official IB Physics Textbook and internet sites such as Answers.com and Wikipedia.

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Published by: Catherine Zhu on Mar 29, 2009
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IB Physics 2009: Syllabus SummaryCatherine Zhu
Table of Contents
Key: ..........................................................................................................................................................2Topic 2: Mechanics..................................................................................................................................3
2.1. Kinematics......................................................................................................................................32.2. Forces and dynamics......................................................................................................................32.3. Work, energy, and power................................................................................................................52.4. Uniform circular motion.................................................................................................................6
Topic 3: Thermal Physics........................................................................................................................7
3.1. Thermal Concepts...........................................................................................................................73.2. Thermal Properties of Matter.........................................................................................................8Specific Heat Capacities, Phase Changes, and Latent Heat..............................................................8Kinetic Model of an Ideal Gas..........................................................................................................9
Topic 4: Oscillations and Waves.............................................................................................................9
4.1. Kinematics of simple harmonic motion.........................................................................................94.2. Energy changes during simple harmonic motion.........................................................................104.3. Forced oscillations and resonance................................................................................................114.4. Wave characteristics.....................................................................................................................114.5. Wave properties............................................................................................................................12
Topic 5: Electric Currents....................................................................................................................14
5.1. Electric potential difference, current and resistance....................................................................14Electric potential difference............................................................................................................14Electric current and resistance.........................................................................................................155.2. Electric Circuits............................................................................................................................16
Topic 6: Forces and Fields....................................................................................................................16
6.1. Gravitational Force and Field.......................................................................................................166.2. Electric Force and Field...............................................................................................................176.3. Magnetic Force and Field.............................................................................................................18
Topic 7: Atomic and Nuclear Physics..................................................................................................20
7.1. The Atom......................................................................................................................................20Atomic Structure.............................................................................................................................20 Nuclear Structure.............................................................................................................................207.2. Radioactive Decay........................................................................................................................21Radioactivity...................................................................................................................................21Half-life...........................................................................................................................................227.3. Nuclear Reactions, Fission and Fusion........................................................................................22 Nuclear Reactions...........................................................................................................................22Fission and Fusion...........................................................................................................................24
Topic 8. Energy, Power, and Climate Change.....................................................................................24
8.1. Energy Degradation and Power Generation ................................................................................248.2. World Energy Sources..................................................................................................................248.3. Fossil Fuel Power Production......................................................................................................258.4. Non-Fossil Fuel Power Production..............................................................................................25 Nuclear Power.................................................................................................................................25Solar Power.....................................................................................................................................26Hydroelectric Power........................................................................................................................26Wind Power.....................................................................................................................................27Wave Power.....................................................................................................................................278.5. The Greenhouse Effect.................................................................................................................28Solar Radiation................................................................................................................................281
 
IB Physics 2009: Syllabus SummaryCatherine ZhuThe Greenhouse Effect....................................................................................................................288.6. Global Warming...........................................................................................................................28
Topic 9. Motion in Fields......................................................................................................................28
9.1. Projectile Motion..........................................................................................................................289.2. Gravitational Field, Potential and Energy....................................................................................299.3. Electric Field, Potential and Energy.............................................................................................309.4. Orbital motion .............................................................................................................................31
Topic 10. Thermal Physics....................................................................................................................31
10.1. Thermodynamics........................................................................................................................31Gas Laws.........................................................................................................................................3110.2. Processes ...................................................................................................................................32The first law of thermodynamics....................................................................................................3210.3. Second law of thermodynamics and entropy.............................................................................33
Topic 11. Wave Phenomena..................................................................................................................33
11.1. Standing Waves..........................................................................................................................3311.2. Doppler Effect............................................................................................................................3311.3. Diffraction..................................................................................................................................3411.4. Resolution...................................................................................................................................3511.5. Polarization.................................................................................................................................36
Topic 12: Electromagnetic Induction...................................................................................................37
12.1 Induced Electromotive Force......................................................................................................3712.2 Alternating current.......................................................................................................................3712.3. Transmission of electrical power................................................................................................38
Topic 13: Quantum Physics and Nuclear Physics .............................................................................38
13.1. Quantum Physics........................................................................................................................38The Quantum Nature of Radiation..................................................................................................38The Wave Nature of Matter.............................................................................................................39Atomic Spectra and Atomic Energy States.....................................................................................4013.2. Nuclear physics..........................................................................................................................41Radioactive Decay...........................................................................................................................41
Topic 14: Digital Technology................................................................................................................42
14.1. Analogue and digital signals......................................................................................................4214.2. Data Capture; digital imaging using charge-coupled devices (CCDs) ......................................43Glossary...............................................................................................................................................43
Key:
 Not yet doneDon’t know how to doTo be refined2
 
IB Physics 2009: Syllabus SummaryCatherine Zhu
Topic 2: Mechanics
2.1. Kinematics
2.1.1. Define displacement, velocity, speed, and acceleration.
 Displacement 
(a vector quantity) is a measured distance in a given direction in ().
 Speed 
(a scalar quantity) is the rate at which a moving object covers distance in ( 
 
 ).
Velocity
(a vector quantity) is speed in a given direction (in ).
 Acceleration
(a vector quantity) is the rate of change of velocity in a given direction (in ).
2.1.2. Explain the difference between instantaneous and average values of speed, velocity andacceleration.
 Average velocity
: the change in displacement divided by the change in time. The slope of the secant line of a displacement-time graph over a given interval.
 Instantaneous velocity
: the as the change in time becomes infinitely small. Thederivative of the displacement-time graph function at a given point.
 Speed and acceleration
work in similar ways.
2.1.3. Outline the conditions under which the equations for uniformly accelerated motion may beapplied.
Objects must be
uniformly accelerated 
.
Objects must be
in
 
linear motion
(traveling in a straight line).
2.1.4. Identify the acceleration of a body falling in a vacuum near the Earth’s surface with theacceleration g of free fall.
Constant acceleration at .
2.1.5. Solve problems involving the equations of uniformly accelerated motion.
(definition of acceleration)
 
2.1.6. Describe the effects of air resistance on falling objects.
 Air resistance provides a
drag force
to objects in free fall.
The drag force is directly proportional to the speed of the object.
When the drag force reaches the magnitude of the force providing the acceleration, the falling object will stop accelerating and fall at a constant velocity. This is called the
terminal velocity
.
2.1.7. Draw and analyze distance-time graphs, displacement-time graphs, velocity-time graphs andacceleration-time graphs.
Use calculus as Cathy is too lazy to write otherwise.
2.1.8. Calculate and interpret the gradients of displacement-time graphs and velocity-time graphs, andthe areas under velocity-time graphs and acceleration-time graphs.
 Displacement-Time Velocity-Time Acceleration-TimeGradient 
VelocityAccelerationJer
 Area
 NothingDisplacementVelocity
2.1.9. Determine relative velocity in one and in two dimensions.
 Relative velocity is determined by different frames of reference.
2.2. Forces and dynamics
2.2.1. Calculate the weight of a body using the expression .3

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