THE EFFECTS OF DOWNSIZING ON SURVIVORS: A META-ANALYSISGladys B. West(ABSTRACT)Research on the effects of downsizing has focused on several levels including the global,organization, and the individual. However, this research, at the individual level, focusedspecifically on the effects of downsizing on the survivors of the organization. Downsizing refersto activities undertaken by management to improve the efficiency, productivity, andcompetitiveness of the organization by reducing the workforce size. Many researchers explainthe types of response we can expect from survivors of a corporate downsizing. The possibleattitudes and behaviors due to downsizing are of particular interest to managers, becausemanagers will inevitably face a workforce at least partially staffed with survivors of downsizingactivities.The purpose of this research is to give a better understanding of the effects of downsizingon survivors. This is accomplished by systematically analyzing and combining the findings of independent studies through meta-analysis. This research investigates the variables and variablerelationships which represent effects of downsizing on the survivors. The individual downsizingstudies are the sources of the variables used to measure behaviors and attitudes prevalent amongdownsizing survivors.The results of this research give a summary of the cumulated correlations for sixteen(16)variable relationships specifying the strength, direction, and the range of the correlations. Thesefindings enable the manager to preview, in a combined sense, a certain set of downsizing survivor responses. These results support the findings reported in the independent studies and by other downsizing researchers. The studies that did not qualify for use in the meta-analysis cumulation procedures are analyzed, through the meta-analysis vote count method, and show that the majority of the survivors had experienced negative downsizing effects. Included also is an analysis of the smallsample of studies done in the public versus those done in the non-public sectors that shows no realdifferences, due possibly to the small sample size.This research, through the use of meta-analysis, confirms the findings of the independentstudies and gives more statistical reliability and confidence to the findings.