We discuss Lapicque’s contributions along with a translation of the original publication.
2BNeural Enhanced Insects as a Sensor Platform:
Insects can do many things that people can't,
by Eric Talmadoe AP, date google cached: 4 Jan 2008."Insects can do many things that people can't", said Assistant ProfessorIsao Shimoyama, head of the bio-robot research team at TokyoUniversity. "The potential applications of this work for mankind could beimmense." Within a few years, Shimoyama says, electronically controlledinsects carrying mini-cameras or other sensory devices could be used fora variety of sensitive missions - like crawling through earthquake rubble tosearch for victims, or slipping under doors on espionage surveillance.
DARPA FACT FILE, A Compendium of DARPA Programs, April 2002, Brain Machine Interfacepp.43,
The Controlled Biological and Biomimetic Systems program leverages the extraordinary capabilities of biological systems for military and dual-use applications. One program thrust is to actively collectinformation from insect populations to map areas for biohazards, such as industrial chemicals andbiowarfare threats. Field trials are planned to lure and trap insects for identification of environmentalpathogens. Tests have shown that insects will collect airborne bacterial spores on their bodies duringflight. Honeybee demonstrations are planned to map for explosives at Defense installations scheduledfor transfer to non-Federal entities.http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050409/fob4ref.asp
Remote Control Minds: Light flashesdirect fruit fly behavior,
by Christen Brownlee, Science News, Vol. 167, No. 15, April 9, 2005, p. 228.Researchers have exerted a little mind control over fruit flies by designing and installing genetic'remote controls' within the insects' brains. Remote control of behavior through genetically targetedphotostimulation of neurons.http://www.darpa.mil/mto/solicitations/baa06-22/pdf/lal_proposerday.pdf
Hybrid Insect MEMS Proposer’s Day,
Amit Lal, Program Manager, DARPAMTO, CSAC, MX, HERMIT, NGIMG, March 24, 2006, HIMEMSProposers Day, March 24, 2006, Amit Lal, DARPAMTO.VISION: Create technology to reliably integrate microsystems payloads on insects to enable insectcyborgsOBJECTIVES: Develop technology to enable highly coupled electro mechanical interfaces to insectanatomy and Demonstrate MEMS platforms for electronic locomotion control, power harvesting frominsect, and eliminate extraneous biological functions. Harvard Entomologist: Carroll Williams "DARPAProgram : Use object insertion ability into pupas to reliably insert microsystems (instead of glass tube)for insect control"
•Long distance missions: Monarchs can travel for 3000 miles without feeding for 75 days•Fast missions: Dragonflies can travel at 45 mph for 23 hours•Huge payloads: Thysania Agrippina Wingspan 25cm Larval hostplants = Fabaceae, LegumesBrazil•Airborne missions: Cocytius duponchel Wingspan 11 - 15cm, Has been collected at 11,000feet in La Paz, Bolivia•Communications: Lowpower RF and sonic microsystems•Sensing: Low power CMOS gas sensors, imagers, acoustic signatures, radiation sensors•Navigation: Low power inertial sensors, low power GPS•Power generation: Vibration power scavenging, (Micro) batteries, Thermoelectrics