Kim, Soo Min
Ki-moon has called North Korea
s artillery attack as
one of the gravest incidentssince the end of the Korean War,
any differences should be resolved by peaceful means and dialogue.
Though immense retaliation by the Leeadministration was withheld, the two incidents served as a great breach of SouthKorean security and conveyed a sense of threat that could easily escalate into a war.Following these incidents in 2010, the ROK has taken multiple steps to strength itssecurity measures, especially in terms of defense and readiness against possible NorthKorean provocations in the future. South Korea has reached a mutual agreement withits long-time ally, the United States, which decided to fully transfer wartimeoperational control (OPCON/ Strategic Alliance 2015) to Seoul in December 2015
.The ROK also disclosed its new missile guidelines under which it will extendthe range of ballistic missiles to 800 km with 500 kg payload, and the payload of unmanned aerial vehicles from 500 kg to 2,500 kg
. The ROK Defense Ministry alsoannounced 73 short-, mid-, and long-term military reform goals of the new DR 307 plan to be carried out during 2011 to 2030
. All of such changes and transformations point in one direction
South Korea is tangibly and symbolically obtaining a moreindependent grasp of its military forces and capacity, in addition to security measures.Because South Korea is moving in a direction in which it now has more independentmeans and options with which it can proceed with decreased involvement of the U.S.
intermediary to deter the DPRK in its provocations, the ROK’s more self
-sufficientdefense posture will not only enable fast-paced response to lower-level aggressiveactions by North Korea but also incentivize other Northeast Asian states to strive to prevent further escalation of tensions.
How South and North Korea Came to be
The security of South Korea had never been an autonomous matter since the
"As it happened: Korean artillery clash."
n.d., BBC News Asia-Pacific n. pag. Web. 16 Nov.2012. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/mobile/asia-pacific/9218848.stm
Klingner, Bruce. "South Korea: Taking the Right Steps Toward Defense Reform.”
Backgrounder Published by The Heritage Foundation
. 2618 (2011): n. page. Print.<http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2011/pdf/bg2618.pdf>.
Pinkston, Daniel. "The New South Korean Missile Guidelines and Future Prospects for RegionalStability."
Strong & Prosperous
. International Crisis Group, 25 2012. Web. Web. 14 Nov. 2012.<http://www.crisisgroupblogs.org/strongandprosperous/2012/10/25/the-new-south-korean-missile-guidelines-and-future-prospects-for-regional-stability/>.
Klinger, “South Korea Taking the Right Steps Toward Defense Reform.” 4