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Capítulo 12-1 (5th Edition)

Capítulo 12-1 (5th Edition)

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Published by: blinblinwebboy on Mar 30, 2009
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05/10/2014

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© 2000 by Harcourt College Publishers. All rights reserved.
Chapter 12 Solutions
12.1
To hold the bat in equilibrium, the player must exert both aforce and a torque on the bat to make
 x
=
 y
= 0 and
τ 
= 0
 F
 y
= 0
 
– 10.0 N = 0, or the player must exert a netupward force of 
= 10.0 NTo satisfy the second condition of equilibrium, the playermust exert an applied torque
τ 
a
to make
τ 
=
τ 
a
– (0.600m)(10.0 N) = 0. Thus, the required torque is
τ 
a
= +6.00 N
m or 6.00 N
m counterclockwise
12.2
Use distances, angles, and forces as shown. The conditions of equilibrium are:
 y
= 0
 
 y
+
 R
 y
g
= 0
 x
= 0
 
 x
 R
 x
= 0
τ 
= 0
 
 y
 
l
cos
θ 
g
 
    
l
2cos
θ 
 x
 
l
sin
θ 
= 0
12.3
Take torques about
P
.
τ 
 p
= –
n
0
 
l
2+
+
m
1
g
 
l
2+
+
m
b
gd 
m
2
gx
= 0We want to find
 x
for which
n
0
= 0.
 x
=(
m
1
g
+
m
b
g
)
+
m
1
g
l
 /2
m
2
g
=(
m
1
+
m
b
)
+
m
1
l
 /2
m
2
 
12.4
tan
α 
=0.5006.00 
α 
= 4.76
°
= 2
sin
α 
F
O10.0 N
0.600 m
0.600 m
l
θ 
 y
 x
 R
 y
 R
 x
O
F
g
l
 /2
l
m
1
g
m
2
g
m
b
g
n
P
n
0
O x
12 m
T
ree0.50 m
F
 
© 2000 by Harcourt College Publishers. All rights reserved.
=
2 sin
α 
= 3.01 kN
 
C
hapter 12 Solutions3
© 2000 by Harcourt College Publishers. All rights reserved.
*12.5
The location of the center of gravity is defined as
 x
CG
 
 
i
= 1
n
m
i
g
i
 x
i
i
= 1
n
m
i
g
i
 If the system is in a uniform gravitational field, this reduces to
 x
CG
 
 
i
= 1
n
m
i
 x
i
i
= 1
n
m
i
 Thus, for the given two particle system:
 x
CG
=(3.00 kg)(
5.00 m) + (4.00 kg)(3.00 m)3.00 kg + 4.00 kg=
0.429 m
12.6
The hole we can count as negative mass
 x
CG
=
m
1
 x
1
 
 
m
2
 x
2
m
1
 
 
m
2
 Call
σ 
the mass of each unit of pizza area.
 x
CG
=
σπ 
 R
2
0
 
σπ 
(
 R
 /2)
2
(
 R
 /2)
σπ 
 R
2
 
 
σπ 
(
 R
 /2)
2
 
 x
CG
=
 R
 /83/4=
 R
6 
12.7
The coordinates of the center of gravity of piece 1 are
 x
1
= 2.00 cm and
 y
1
= 9.00 cmThe coordinates for piece 2 are
 x
2
= 8.00 cm and
 y
2
= 2.00 cmThe area of each piece is
 A
1
= 72.0 cm
2
and
 A
2
= 32.0 cm
2
4.00 cm
18.0 cm12.0 cm4.00 cm
12

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