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Capítulo 12-1 (5th Edition)

# Capítulo 12-1 (5th Edition)

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05/10/2014

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Chapter 12 Solutions
12.1
To hold the bat in equilibrium, the player must exert both aforce and a torque on the bat to make
x
=
y
= 0 and
τ
= 0
F
y
= 0

– 10.0 N = 0, or the player must exert a netupward force of
= 10.0 NTo satisfy the second condition of equilibrium, the playermust exert an applied torque
τ
a
to make
τ
=
τ
a
– (0.600m)(10.0 N) = 0. Thus, the required torque is
τ
a
= +6.00 N
m or 6.00 N
m counterclockwise
12.2
Use distances, angles, and forces as shown. The conditions of equilibrium are:
y
= 0

y
+
R
y
g
= 0
x
= 0

x
R
x
= 0
τ
= 0

y

l
cos
θ
g

   
l
2cos
θ
x

l
sin
θ
= 0
12.3
P
.
τ
p
= –
n
0

l
2+
+
m
1
g

l
2+
+
m
b
gd
m
2
gx
= 0We want to find
x
for which
n
0
= 0.
x
=(
m
1
g
+
m
b
g
)
+
m
1
g
l
/2
m
2
g
=(
m
1
+
m
b
)
+
m
1
l
/2
m
2

12.4
tan
α
=0.5006.00
α
= 4.76
°
= 2
sin
α
F
O10.0 N
0.600 m
0.600 m
l
θ
y
x
R
y
R
x
O
F
g
l
/2
l
m
1
g
m
2
g
m
b
g
n
P
n
0
O x
12 m
T
ree0.50 m
F

=
2 sin
α
= 3.01 kN

C
hapter 12 Solutions3
*12.5
The location of the center of gravity is defined as
x
CG

i
= 1
n
m
i
g
i
x
i
i
= 1
n
m
i
g
i
If the system is in a uniform gravitational field, this reduces to
x
CG

i
= 1
n
m
i
x
i
i
= 1
n
m
i
Thus, for the given two particle system:
x
CG
=(3.00 kg)(
5.00 m) + (4.00 kg)(3.00 m)3.00 kg + 4.00 kg=
0.429 m
12.6
The hole we can count as negative mass
x
CG
=
m
1
x
1

m
2
x
2
m
1

m
2
Call
σ
the mass of each unit of pizza area.
x
CG
=
σπ
R
2
0

σπ
(
R
/2)
2
(
R
/2)
σπ
R
2

σπ
(
R
/2)
2

x
CG
=
R
/83/4=
R
6
12.7
The coordinates of the center of gravity of piece 1 are
x
1
= 2.00 cm and
y
1
= 9.00 cmThe coordinates for piece 2 are
x
2
= 8.00 cm and
y
2
= 2.00 cmThe area of each piece is
A
1
= 72.0 cm
2
and
A
2
= 32.0 cm
2
4.00 cm
18.0 cm12.0 cm4.00 cm
12