A811 Mexican Education and Ethnicity (Bilingual Education); submitted to Prof.Reimers , Harvard Univ. Grad. School of Education : by Umesh Sharma March 2005educational policies and has been negatively biased in the allocation of resources to theIndian community schools (Schmelkes, 2000; Dawson, 2001).
Current status of educational attainments of the indigenous people of Mexico:
On the whole, Indian students score lower than all other groups in Mexico in terms of:school facilities, teacher and other resources, students’educational attainments. Mestizos(mixed blood of whites and Indians) form the majority of the population.
Indian communities live in the remotest regions of Mexico and areamong the poorest in the country(Schmelkes, 2000). As seen in table 1, the Indiansform about 7.4% of the Mexican population, yet in primary schools only 5% of thestudents are Indians. This suggests a lower rate of enrollment for Indians compared toother communities. Further a group of Indians work as migrant workers in agriculturalfarms, who never stay long enough for their kids to be enrolled at school. Roughestimates put that figure between 400,000 and 700,000. Thus, in the total figure of out-of-school children, the proportion of Indian children is much higher (Schmelkes,2000).
The passing rate of Indian students as a whole is five percentage points lessthan that of all the rural students (including the Indians). However, certain Indiancommunities have much lower passing rate –such as Chiapas whose passing rate is