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6.15

# 6.15

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08/04/2014

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Problem 6.15
A coaxial capacitor of length
l
=
6 cm uses an insulating dielectricmaterial with
ε
r
=
9. The radii of the cylindrical conductors are 0.5 cm and 1 cm. If the voltage applied across the capacitor is
(
) =
50sin
(
120
π
)
(V)what is the displacement current?
Solution:
l
I
d
+
-
(
)2a2b
Figure P6.15:
Toﬁndthedisplacementcurrent, weneedtoknow
E
inthedielectricspacebetweenthe cylindrical conductors. From Eqs. (4.114) and (4.115),
E
=
ˆ
r
Q
2
πε
rl
,
=
Q
2
πε
l
ln
ba
.
Hence,
E
=
ˆ
r
ln
ba
=
ˆ
r
50sin
(
120
π
)
ln2
=
ˆ
r
72
.
1
sin
(
120
π
)
(V/m)
,
D
=
ε
E
=
ε
r
ε
0
E
=
ˆ
r
9
×
8
.
85
×
10
12
×
72
.
1
sin
(
120
π
)=
ˆ
r
5
.
75
×
10
9
sin
(
120
π
)
(C/m
2
)
.
The displacement current ﬂows between the conductors through an imaginarycylindrical surface of length
l
. The current ﬂowing from the outerconductor to the inner conductor along
ˆ
r
crosses surface
S
where
S
=
ˆ
r
2
π
rl
.