CIVL 510 CANADIAN SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES ALFREDO BOHLalfredo_bohl_report.doc 4/6/2005 PAGE 2 OF 50
In the last part of the report, two special seismic steelframing systems are introduced, the special truss moment frameand the friction-damped steel frame.Formatted spreadsheets have been developed to performcalculations related to some of the design procedures exposed inthis report, including the design of links in eccentrically bracedframes, and the design of moment-resisting connections.I recommend reading this term project to those who areinterested in learning a little more about on how seismic design of steel structures is performed in Canada, and the structural systemsthat are available.
Load combinations including earthquakes
The fundamental safety criteria that must be met in limitstates design is the following (CISC 2004: 2-13):Factored resistance
Effect of factored loadsFor load combinations that include earthquake, the effect of factored loads is the structural effect due to the factored loadcombinations taken as (CISC 2004: 1-20):
E D R
(S16-01, clause 7.2.6(a))And either one of the following (the first expression is for storage and assembly, the second expression is for all other occupancies):
E L D R
(S16-01, clause 7.2.6(b)(i))
E L D R
(S16-01, clause 7.2.6(b)(ii))Where:-
: Resistance factor.-
D: Dead loads.-
L: Live loads.-
E: Live loads due to earthquake.-
: Importance factor, which should not be less than 1.00.However, for structures where it can be demonstrated thatcollapse will not cause injury or any other seriousconsequences, it should not be less than 0.80.
New force reduction factors in the 2005NBCC
With the introduction of the new 2005 Edition of the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC), the expression todetermine the lateral seismic force at the base of the structure usingthe quasi-static analysis has been modified significantly. Thisexpression in the upcoming code will be the following (Mitchell2003: 309):
od E va
R RW I M T S
V: Design shear force.-
): Design spectral response acceleration.-
: Factor for the higher mode effects on the shear base.