Geometrical Optics
Q31 The velocity of light in medium 2 is two third of velocity in the medium 1. At the interface of themedium 1 and 2 a light ray is incident at angle 6
0
fromnormal to the interface in medium 1. The ray passes to
the medium 2 making angle θ from the same normal.Then θ equals nearly
(a) 4
0
(b) 9
0
(c) 6
0
(d) 2
0
Q32
In the fig shown there are three different mediums1, 2 and 3 separated by parallel boundaries. A light rayincident from the medium 1 passes throughmediums 2 and 3 and again in 1 as in the fig.Refractive index of the
α
1
mediums are μ
1
, μ
2
1 2 3 1
and μ
3
. From the figone can concludethat
(a) μ
1
> μ
2
<
μ
3
θ
1
(b) μ
1
> μ
2
> μ
3
(c) μ
1
< μ
2
<
μ
3
(d) μ
1
< μ
2
> μ
3
Q33
In previous problem
see the angles marked θ
1
and α
1
. It can be concluded that
(a) θ
1
may or may not be equal to α
1
(b) θ
1
must be equal to α
1
(c) θ
1
can not be equal to α
1
(d) θ
1
must be lesser than α
1
Q34
A point object is placed at depth H below thewa
ter surface of refractive index μ. An observer in air
when sees the object normally , feels that the object isat depth h below the water surface. Then
(a) h= H / μ (b) h= H (c) h= μ H (d) h= μ
2
H
Q35
A transparent slab of thickness
t
is placed betweenan object and a man.The distancebetween theobject and theman is
d
. The d
refractive index of the slab is μ. The man when sees
the object through the slab normally , he feels that
object is at distance d’ from him. Then d’ =
(a)
d
+
t + t /
μ (b) d / μ
(c)
d

t + t /
μ (d)
d
+
μ
t  tQ36
Unit normal to a boundary separating air and atransparent medium is
n
. Refractive index of themedium is 3 / 2 . A ray is incident from the air to theslab . The incident ray is along a unit vector
i
.Theunit vector along the transmitted ray is
e
. Then(a) 3 [
e
n
] = 2 [
i
n
](b) 2 [
e
n
] = 3 [
i
n
](c) 3 [
e
i
] = 2 [
i
n
](d) 3 [
e
n
] = 2 [
i
e
]
Q37
A light bulb is placed at height 30 cm above awater surface contained in a tank. A swimmer in thetank at depth 12 cm views the bulb. He feels that bulbis at distance d from himself. Then d =(a) 34.5 cm (b) 52 cm (c) 39 cm (d) 36 cm
Q38
A divergent beam of light from a
α
point source having divergence angle
α, falls symmetrically on a g
lassslab as shown. If thickness of theslab is t and the refractive indexn, then the divergence angle of the emergent beam is
(a) zero (b) α (c) sin
1
(1/ n) (d) 2 sin
1
(1/ n)
Q39
There are two parallel slabs A and B of thickness24 cm and 36 cm respectively. The slab A is placedover the slab B . The refractive index of A and B are3 / 2 and 6 / 5 respectively. For an observer in air thickness of thecomposite slab will be 
Q40
An object is placed at distance d from pole of aconcave mirror of radius 60 cm . Between the objectand the mirror , a slab of thickness 24 cm is placed .The refractive index of the slab is 1.5 . If the finalimage is of same height as the object , then d=(a) 52 cm (b) 62 cm (c) 72 cm (d) 68 cm
Q41
A lighted bulb is at height H above a plane mirror.The image of the bulb is at I
1
. Now a transparent
medium of refractive index μ and thickness t ( < H ) is
inserted between the bulb and the plane mirror. Thefinal image of the bulb , in the plane mirror is at pointI
2
. Then I
2
will be at distance(a) 2 t (11
/ μ
) above the point I
1
(b) 2
t / μ
above the point I
1
(c) 2 t (1
1/ μ )
below the point I
1
(d) 2
t / μ
below the point I
1
Q42
Two light rays are directedto meet at a point O. Now atransparent slab of thickness12 cm and refractive index4 / 3 is placed in the path of the raysbefore the point O as shown in the fig. Now the tworays meet at a point
I
after passing through the slab. If the two rays are at very small angle of incidence , thenthe point
I
will be(a) at distance 3cm in the right of the point O(b) at distance 4cm in the right of the point O(c) at distance 3cm in the left of the point O(d) at distance 4cm in the left of the point O.
Q43
An observer can see through a pin
–
holethe top end of a thin rod of height h,placed as shown in the fig. The beaker height is 3h and its radius is h. When 3hthe beaker is filled with a liquid up to ha height 2h , he can see the lower end of the rod. The refractive index of 2hthe liquid is(a) 5 / 2 (b) (5/2)
0.5
(c) ( 3 / 2 )
0.5
(d) 3/ 2