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geometrical or ray optics problems : for 12th moving or dropouts

geometrical or ray optics problems : for 12th moving or dropouts

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Published by Viresh Singh
for students preparing for JEE-AIPMT
for students preparing for JEE-AIPMT

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Published by: Viresh Singh on Apr 24, 2013
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04/24/2013

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Geometrical Optics 
Q1 In geometrical optics it is assumed that the light raymoves in a straight line. This assumption is correct if 
(a) wavelength of the light is much larger than size of theobstacle it meets(b) wavelength of the light is much smaller than the size of obstacle it meets(c) the obstacle is spherical only (d) the obstacle is a plane surface only .
Q2 A light ray incident at angle
θ from normal to a reflecting
surface , gets deviated by 70 degree due to the reflection.
Then θ equals
(a) 35 
(b) 110 
(c) 55 
(d) 140 
 
Q3 The normal to the reflecting surface of a plane mirror is
k
 i.e. along positive z- direction. A particle is moving withvelocity 3
i
+ 4
 j +
6
k
m / s
 
. The velocity vector of itsimage in the plane mirror will be ---------------------------.Q4 If a plane mirror moves with velocity 5 m / s towards itsnormal , then velocity of the image of a particle at rest , willbe of magnitude------------------------------------------------------.Q5 A plane mirror M N is placedon a horizontal ground . Letthe end M is at x=10 cm and 15 cmN is at x= 25 m. There is avertical pole at x=35 cm. A point M Nsource of light is placed directly above x=0 at height 15 cm. A man is climbing on the pole . He could see the image of the source
(a) if the man is at height more than 6 cm above the ground (b) if the man is at height more than 6 cm but lesser than37.5 cm above the ground (c) if the man is at height more than 7.5 cm and lesser than22.5 cm above the ground.(d) at any position on the pole .
Q6 A plane mirror is in x-y plane. A point object isplaced on the z-axis at z= h
0.
Now the mirror is rotated
with constant angular speed ω about y
-axis . Theimage of the object also rotates with angular speed----------and with acceleration -----.Q7 A plane mirror is kept in x-y plane . It is now moved withvelocity 4 cm / s in positive z- direction. A object is movingtowards the mirror i.e. in negative z-direction with velocity 6cm/s. The velocity of the image will be
(a) 2 cm / s in +ve z direction(b) 2 cm / s in
 –
ve z-direction(c) 14 cm / s in
 –
ve z- direction(d) 14 cm / s in +ve z- direction
Q8 A person is standing in a room C Asuch that the wall AB in front of him isat distance 3m from him and the wallCD is at distance 2 m behind him. A plane mirror is hanging in the wall AB in which the man wants to see the D Bcomplete image of the back wall CD whose height is H.Then minimum height of the mirror should be
(a) 2 H/ 3 (b) 0.6 H (c) 3 H / 8 (d) 5 H /
Q9 In the fig shown the twoplane mirrors are inclined atangle 110
0
to each other. Theray
i
is incident on the firstmirror and after reflectionsfrom the both mirrors it finallycomes out as the ray R.The angle
θ as shown in the
fig will be------------------------Q10 If the two mirrors are inclined at angle 120
0
then for anobject placed between the mirrors total number of imagesformed will be
(a) 2 (b) 3(c)
2 only if the object does not lie on the bisector of the mirrors,
 (d)
3 only if the object does not lie on the bisector of the mirrors
,
Q11 Mark True / False in following statements:(i) images formed in a plane mirror can not bephotographed.(ii) All the images formed by the combination of two planemirrors lie on a circle.(iii) If angle between to plane mirrors is 110
0
then totalnumber of images will be 3Q12 A plane mirror contains the x-axis. The normal to theplane mirror is along y-axis. A light ray is incident on themirror along line x+
√3
y =2 . The reflected ray will be alongline whose equation is -----------------------------------------------Q13 In previous problem A small planemirror is placed parallel to a fixed wallat distance d =30 cm from the wall. d A point source of light ,fitted in thewall , is sending light rays on themirror normal to it. The light isreflected and meets the wall at a point O.Now the mirror is rotated by small angle 3 /
π
degree .Now the same incident ray on the mirror after 
reflection reaches at certain point O’ on the wall . ThenOO’
is nearly
(a) 1cm (b) 2 cm (c) 0.5 cm (d) π / 3 cm
 Q14 A point source of light B is placed at a distanceL in front of the centre of a mirror of width d hungvertically on a wall. A man walks in frontin front of the mirror along a lineparallel to the mirror at a distance2L from it as shown. The d Bgreatest distance ovewhich he can see theimage of light source inthe mirror , is L(a) d / 2 (b) d(c) 2d (d) 3d2 LQ15 A light ray is incident on a plane mirror M
1
whichmakes angle
θ from another mirror M
2
. The rayincident on M
1
is parallel to the M
2
. After thereflections from the both mirrors the ray is parallel toM
1
. Then
θ =
(a) 45
0
(b) 90
0
(c) 120
0
(d) 60
0
 
 
 
Geometrical Optics 
Q16 When parallel rays are incident on a sphericalmirror, then all the rays after the reflection do not meetreally at one point ,though it is assumed . Deviationfrom this assumption is called(a) chromatic aberration (b) spherical aberration(c) geometrical aberration (d) none of theseQ17 In the fig shown the dotted 1line is optic axis of a
concave2
 mirror. The two rays shown in thefig are parallel to the optic axis . Mark
true / false
in the following statements:(i)The ray 1 suffers more spherical aberration than theray 2(ii) The ray 1 suffers more angular deviation than thatof the ray 2(iii) After the reflection, on extending the reflected raysin their backward directions , the ray 1 will meet theoptic axis at a point closer to the pole as compared tothe point where ray 2 appear to meet the optic axisafter the reflection.Q18 For a plane mirror spherical aberration is(a) zero (b)
(c) non zero but finite (d) none of these
Q19 A point object and its image formed by a concavemirror are at heights 1 mm and 4 mm above the opticaxis of the mirror on the same side of the optic axis. Theseparation between the object and its image along theoptic axis are70cm . Then the distance of the pole of the mirror fromthe object will be
(a) 14 cm (b) 56 cm (c) 17.5 cm (d) 52.5 cmQ20 In previous problem nature of the image is(a) real (b) virtual (c) can not be predicted from thegiven information.Q21 In Q19 radius of curvature of the mirror (a) 35 cm (b) 112 / 6 cm (c) 112 / 3 cm (d) 28 cm**Q22 Two rays are incidenton a convex mirror . Thesetwo rays would have met apoint O, if mirror does notreflect the rays . Thepoint O is at axial distance24 cm from the pole and atdepth 1/ 3 mm below the optical axis of the mirror. After the reflection the two rays meet at a point I whichis at depth 1mm from the optical axis. Then radius of the mirror is---------------------------------------------------.Q23The image, of a real transverse object , formed bya mirror is of same height as the object. Then mark
true / false
in the following statements:(i) The mirror must be plane if the image is virtual(ii) The mirror must be concave if the image is real(iii) The mirror can not be convexQ24 A transverse real object is placed at distance 40cm from the pole of a concave mirror of radius 60 cm.If the object is slightly moved away from the mirror then(i) Separation between the object and its image ---------(ii) Height of the image ----------------------------------------**Q25 In the fig shown a pointobject is placed on the opticaxis of a concave mirror.The object is at distance10 cm from the plane mirror and separation between theconcave mirror and the plane mirror is 50 cm. A lightray from the object goes to the plane mirror and after the reflection it goes to the concave mirror and thenreturns to the object itself. Radius of the mirror is(a) 24 cm (b) 48 cm (c) 36 cm(d) not possible to obtain due to less information.Q26
Let the moon subtends angle 6 / π degree at
certain point in space. If a spherical mirror of focallength 90 cm is forming the image of the moon , thendiameter of the image will be nearly(a) 1cm (b) 6 cm (c) 3 cm (a) 9 cmQ27 In certain time interval an object moves fromfocus to the center of curvature of a concave mirror.In the same interval image of the object moves(a) by same distance as the object moves(b) by double the focal length of the mirror (c) by distance same as focal length of the mirror (d) by distance which is much more than the distancemoved by the object.Q28 An object of length b is placed distance c from thepole of a convex mirror of focal length f. The length of the object is oriented along the optic axis of themirror. If b << c and also b << f thenlength of the image will benearly(a)
c f   f  
b (b)
[
c f   f  
]
2
 
b(c)
c f  c
b (d)
[
c f  c
]
2
b
Q29 If part of a mirror is painted black or brokenwithout moving the mirror, then image in the mirror (a) will not change its intensity(b) will either decrease or increase its size(c) will not change its position and size but its intensitywill decrease(d) will change its position but not the intensity
Q30
An object moving towards east is approachingpole of a concave mirror with velocity 6 cm / sec .When the object reaches exactly at mid point betweenthe focus and the center of curvature , velocity of image will be nearly --------cm / s in direction-----------.
 
 
Geometrical Optics 
Q31 The velocity of light in medium 2 is two third of velocity in the medium 1. At the interface of themedium 1 and 2 a light ray is incident at angle 6
0
fromnormal to the interface in medium 1. The ray passes to
the medium 2 making angle θ from the same normal.Then θ equals nearly
 (a) 4
0
(b) 9
0
(c) 6
0
(d) 2
0
 
Q32
In the fig shown there are three different mediums1, 2 and 3 separated by parallel boundaries. A light rayincident from the medium 1 passes throughmediums 2 and 3 and again in 1 as in the fig.Refractive index of the
α
1
 
mediums are μ
1
 
, μ
2
1 2 3 1
and μ
3
. From the figone can concludethat
(a) μ
1
> μ
2
<
μ
3
θ
1
 
(b) μ
1
> μ
2
> μ
3
 
(c) μ
1
< μ
2
<
μ
3
 
(d) μ
1
< μ
2
> μ
3
 
Q33
In previous problem
see the angles marked θ
1
 
and α
1
. It can be concluded that
(a) θ
1
may or may not be equal to α
1
(b) θ
1
must be equal to α
1
 
(c) θ
1
can not be equal to α
1
 
(d) θ
1
must be lesser than α
1
 
Q34
A point object is placed at depth H below thewa
ter surface of refractive index μ. An observer in air 
when sees the object normally , feels that the object isat depth h below the water surface. Then
(a) h= H / μ (b) h= H (c) h= μ H (d) h= μ
2
H
Q35
A transparent slab of thickness
t
is placed betweenan object and a man.The distancebetween theobject and theman is
d
. The d
refractive index of the slab is μ. The man when sees
the object through the slab normally , he feels that
object is at distance d’ from him. Then d’ =
(a)
d
+
t + t /
μ (b) d / μ
(c)
d
-
t + t /
μ (d)
d
+
μ
t - tQ36
Unit normal to a boundary separating air and atransparent medium is
n
. Refractive index of themedium is 3 / 2 . A ray is incident from the air to theslab . The incident ray is along a unit vector 
i
.Theunit vector along the transmitted ray is
e
. Then(a) 3 [
e
 
 
n
] = 2 [
i
 
n
](b) 2 [
e
 
 
n
] = 3 [
i
 
n
](c) 3 [
e
 
 
i
] = 2 [
i
 
n
](d) 3 [
e
 
 
n
] = 2 [
i
 
e
]
Q37
A light bulb is placed at height 30 cm above awater surface contained in a tank. A swimmer in thetank at depth 12 cm views the bulb. He feels that bulbis at distance d from himself. Then d =(a) 34.5 cm (b) 52 cm (c) 39 cm (d) 36 cm
Q38
A divergent beam of light from a
α
 point source having divergence angle
α, falls symmetrically on a g
lassslab as shown. If thickness of theslab is t and the refractive indexn, then the divergence angle of the emergent beam is
(a) zero (b) α (c) sin
-1
(1/ n) (d) 2 sin
-1
(1/ n)
Q39
There are two parallel slabs A and B of thickness24 cm and 36 cm respectively. The slab A is placedover the slab B . The refractive index of A and B are3 / 2 and 6 / 5 respectively. For an observer in air thickness of thecomposite slab will be -----------
Q40
An object is placed at distance d from pole of aconcave mirror of radius 60 cm . Between the objectand the mirror , a slab of thickness 24 cm is placed .The refractive index of the slab is 1.5 . If the finalimage is of same height as the object , then d=(a) 52 cm (b) 62 cm (c) 72 cm (d) 68 cm
Q41
A lighted bulb is at height H above a plane mirror.The image of the bulb is at I
1
. Now a transparent
medium of refractive index μ and thickness t ( < H ) is
inserted between the bulb and the plane mirror. Thefinal image of the bulb , in the plane mirror is at pointI
2
. Then I
2
will be at distance(a) 2 t (1-1
/ μ
) above the point I
1
 (b) 2
t / μ
above the point I
1
(c) 2 t (1-
1/ μ )
below the point I
1
(d) 2
t / μ
below the point I
1
 
Q42
Two light rays are directedto meet at a point O. Now atransparent slab of thickness12 cm and refractive index4 / 3 is placed in the path of the raysbefore the point O as shown in the fig. Now the tworays meet at a point
I
after passing through the slab. If the two rays are at very small angle of incidence , thenthe point
I
will be(a) at distance 3cm in the right of the point O(b) at distance 4cm in the right of the point O(c) at distance 3cm in the left of the point O(d) at distance 4cm in the left of the point O.
Q43
An observer can see through a pin
 –
holethe top end of a thin rod of height h,placed as shown in the fig. The beaker height is 3h and its radius is h. When 3hthe beaker is filled with a liquid up to ha height 2h , he can see the lower end of the rod. The refractive index of 2hthe liquid is(a) 5 / 2 (b) (5/2)
0.5
(c) ( 3 / 2 )
0.5
(d) 3/ 2

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