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CENTER of MASS , collision .physics@vireshRatings: (0)|Views: 23|Likes: 0

Published by Viresh Singh

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/137778153/CENTER-of-MASS-collision-physics-viresh

05/05/2014

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1

CM , MOMENTUM CONSERVATION, COLLISION & EXPLOSION

Q1 On x-axis particles of masses 1 kg, 2kg and 4 kg areplaced at x= -2m, x=0 m , x=2 m respectively. Then x-coordinate of the CM of this system will be ----------Q2 Particles of masses m and 4 m are at distance Lfrom each other. The distance of CM of the twoparticles from the lighter particle is(a) L / 2 (b) L /4 (c) 4 L / 5 (d) L / 5Q3 In certain time Ram , of mass 40 kg, moves by 5 mtowards north and in the same time Rahim , of mass 60kg , moves 3 meter towards south. Displacement of theCM of the two men will be displaced by------- in thedirection-------------.Q4 A copper rod of linear mass density

λ

and length Lis joined to a brass rod of linear mass density 0.6

λ

andlength 1.5 L so that a rod of length 2.5 L is formed .Distance of the CM of the two rods from their junctionwill be -----------.Q5 Two circular discs made of

same material and same thickness

are of radii R and 2R. They areplaced touching externally eachother. The C M of the two discs will be(a) at distance 1.4 R from the junction of the discs(b) at distance 0.6 R from the junction of the discs(c) at distance R from the junction of the discs(d) at the junction of the discsQ6 A rod PQ of length L has non uniform density. Thelinear mass density of the rod is proportional to squareof the distance from the end P. The distance of the CMof the rod, from the end P, will be(a) L /2 (b) 2 L / 3 (c) 3L / 4 (d) 4 L / 5Q7 There is a uniform disc of radius R. A whole ofradius R/2 is cut from the disc . The hole center is atdistance R/2 from the center of the disc. The center ofmass of the remaining part of the disc will be atdistance -------------------from the center of the disc.Q8 Three particles of masses 1 kg, 2 kg and 2 kg areplaced at corners of an equilateral triangle of sidelength L. Distance between the lightest particle andC M of the particles, equals---------Q9 In the fig the two uniform rods AB and

C

BC are joined at B. Length of each rod is L.The masses of AB and BC are in ratio 2 :3.

A B

The distance of the C M of the rods, fromthe junction B, will be at(a) L (b) zero (c)

L √5 / 10

(d)

L √13/ 10

Q10 If external force on a system of particles is zerothen CM of the system(a) must have zero acceleration (b) must be at rest(c) may have zero acceleration (d) must not be at restQ11 If CM of a system of particles is at rest at timet=0 and there are no external force on the system up tothe time t = t

0

,then CM of the system(a) must not move up to the time t=t

0

(b) must move with constant acceleration up to t= t

0

(c) must move with constant velocity up to t= t

0

(d) may move but , must return to initial position at t=t

0

Q12 A insect of mass m is initially at rest on a woodenplank of the mass

η m

where η is a constant .

The wooden plank is at rest on smooth horizontal floor.Length of the plank is d. In certain time the insectwalks on the plank from one end to the other end. If inthis time period C M of the insect and the plank doesnot move then the plank will move by(a)

η

d / ( 1+

η

) (b)

η

d(c) d / ( 1+

η

) (d)

zero

Q13The two persons of masses 40 kg and 60 kgstanding at separation 2 m, interchanges their position.Their C M will move by -------------mQ14The two persons of masses 40 kg and 60 kg aremoving with velocities 2 m/s towards

north

and 1 m/stowards

south

respectively. Their C M will be movingwith velocity---------- in direction-------Q15 The two persons of masses 40 kg and 60 kg aremoving with velocities 2 m/s towards

north

and 1 m/stowards

east

respectively. Their C M will be movingwith velocity of magnitude ----------.Q16A man has height 2m and his mass is 50 kg. His C Mis at height 120 cm above the level of his foot. The manis initially sleeping with his body flat. Now he stands up.His gravitational potential energy will increase by nearly(a) 500 J (b) 700 J (c) 400 J (d) 600 JQ17 A uniform rope of mass 2 kg and length 1 m iscoiled up on a table. A person , holding one end of therope, lifts up the rope. By the time 1 m of the rope hasbeen lifted, work done by the man against gravity will be------------joules.Q18 A semicircular uniform chain is shown in the fig.The center of mass of the chain is near the point(a) A(b) B

A B

c(c) C

2

CM , MOMENTUM CONSERVATION, COLLISION & EXPLOSION

Q17

Two particles of masses m

1

and m

2

are being acted by theforces F in east and F in west respectively. The accelerationof the C M of the two particles will be(a) zero (b) F m

1

m

2

/ (m

1

+

m

2

)(c)F(m

1

+

m

2

) / (m

1

m

2

) (d) 2F m

1

m

2

/ (m

1

+

m

2

)

Q18

A

uniform

rod of mass M is Abeing acted by a force F at one of itsend point A. Which point of the rod will haveacceleration F / M ?(a) A (b) B B(c) center of the rod (d) all points of the rod

Q19

A uniform chain of mass M and length L , is placed withone third part on a horizontal table and the remaining parthanging below the table. If the chain is now pulled completelyon the table by doing W

g

work against gravity , then W

g

equals(a) MgL/9 (b) MgL/6 (c) MgL/18 (d) MgL/3

Q20

A uniform rod of mass m andlength L is rotating with angular

velocity ω ,a

bout an axis which isperpendicular to the rod and passingat distance L / 5 from one end. Momentumof the rod will be(a)

M ω

L

(b) M ω

L /5

(c) 3M ω

L /10 (d) zero

Q21

In the fig shown pulleyand the strings are ideal andthe pulley is fixed. The massesof the blocks are 10 kgand 30 kg . The center ofmass of the two blocks will have acceleration------.

Q22

In a

gravity free

space a block of mass 300 gm is movingwith velocity 2 m/s towards north. Suddenly the blockexplodes at a point O at time t=0, in three identical parts . Oneof these parts do not move and second one is found to movewith velocity 8 m/s towards east. At time t= 2 sec the thirdpart will be at distance ------ from point O.

Q23

A particle P of mass M moving with velocity

u

collides inhead on position with another particle Q of mass 3M at rest.There is no external force on the system of these twoparticles. After the collision velocity of particle Q is found tobe

u

/ 3

. Then after the collision(i) velocity of P = --------(ii) coefficient of restitution between P and Q is -----

Q24

A particle of mass m

1

moving with certain velocity collideswith a stationary particle of mass m

2

in head on position

elastically

. After the collision two particles move with equalspeed. Then mass ratio m

2

/ m

1

=(a) 3 (b) 2 ( c) 4(d) not possible to get due to insufficient information

.

Q25

A massive wall ismoving towards a ballmoving in same directionas the wall. The velocitiesof the wall and the ball are 1 m / s and 3 m / s respectivelybefore their collision. If the collision is completely elastic thenvelocity of the ball after the collision will be------------------

Q26

Two identical particlesmoving with equal speedu collide and get stick toeach other and thenthey move with speed u / 2. The angle between their direction of motion before the collision was(a) 60

0

(b) 45

0

(c) 90

0

(d) 120

0

Q27

An equilateral triangle of mass mis moving horizontally with velocity v

0

on a smooth horizontal tabletowards a fixed

smooth

sphere asshown in the fig. The plane of the triangle is vertical. Thecollision between triangle and the sphere is elastic. Thetriangle does not leave contact from the ground after thecollision. During the collision impulse on the triangle by thesphere will be

(a) 2mv

0

(b) 4mv

0

/ √3 (c) √3mv

0

(d) zeroQ28

Two particles A and B ofmasses m and 2m are placedinside a smooth circular tubeof mean radius R. The tube is fixedon a horizontal table. The lighter particle A is projected withspeed u along the tube . It collides with B which is in rest. Ifthe coefficient of restitution between A and B is e then afterhow much time the two particles will again collide?(a) 2

π R / u (b) 2π R / (3e u) (c) 2π R / (e u) (d) never

Q29

Two particles A and Bof masses m and 3m are connectedat ends of an ideal spring. The wholearrangement lies on a smooth horizontal ground. The particle Ais given an impulse J towards B. As result the particle Astarts moving towards B but feels retardation and B which wasat rest initially, feels acceleration. The spring gets compressedas the time passes and after certain maximum value, thecompression of the spring started decreasing. At the time ofmaximum compression in the spring velocities of A and B willbe(a) zero, zero (b) zero , J/ m (c) J / m, 0 (d) J/ (4m), J/(4m)

Q30 Two

particles of masses 400 gm each moving withvelocities 10 m/s and 40 m/s in opposite directions collide witheach other in head on position elastically. The impulse appliedby one particle on the other during the collision will be ofmagnitude(a) zero (b) 16 N-s (c) 4 N-s (d) 20 N-s

3

CM , MOMENTUM CONSERVATION, COLLISION & EXPLOSION

Q31

A particle of mass m moving with velocity v

0

towards afixed smooth plane , strikes it at angle 30

0

from normal to theplane. After the collision , particle moves in direction whichmakes angle 60

0

from normal to the plane. Then(i) velocity of the particle after the collision is ------(ii) coefficient of restitution between the particle and theplane is ---------(iii) change in momentum of the particle due to the collision=---Q32 A ball of mass m after falling freely by height H , strikesthe ground and rises by height H/4. Coefficient of restitutionbetween the ground and the particle will be(a) ½ (b) ¼ (c) ¾ (d) 4Q33 In the previous problem(i) total time for which the particle was in motion = --------(ii) total distance covered by the particle , before it stops=----(iii) total momentum transferred by the particle , to theground , in all the possible collisions = ----------.Q34 A bullet of mass m moving with velocityU horizontally, penetrates through a ballof mass 2m which is hanging through a stringof length L. The bullet comes out withvelocity U/ 3. If the ball couldcomplete full vertical circle , theminimum value of U should be(a) ( 5 g L )

1/2

(b) 3 ( 5 g L )

1/2

(c) 6 ( 5 g L )

1/2

(d) ( 5 g L )

1/2

/3Q35 In the arrangement showna particle moving towards awedge placed on a smoothhorizontal plane, strikes thewedge normally and

gets stick to the wedge

.

Mark

true / false

in the following statements regarding thiscollision:(i) Momentum of the particle + wedge is conserved.(ii) Horizontal momentum of the particle + wedge is conserved.(iii) Sum of the kinetic energy of particle and the wedgedecreases as result of the collision.Q36 In the previous problem if mass of the particle is m , massof the wedge is 2 m , angle which the inclined face of thewedge makes from horizontal is

θ =

tan

-1

(3/4) and velocity ofthe particle before collision is

v

0

, then just after the collision, velocity of the wedge will be(a) 3

v

0

/

5

(b)

4

v

0

/

5

(c)

3

v

0

/

4 (d)

v

0

/

5

Q37 In the problem 35 , neglecting the effect of gravity ,what is the impulse exerted by the wedge on the ground ,during the impact?(a) 4 m

v

0

/

5 (b) 3 m

v

0

/

5 (c) m

v

0

/

5 (d) m

v

0

Q38 A projectile is

projected with initial velocity u at angle θ

from the horizontal. After a time

period of 2 u sin θ / (3g),

projectile explodes in two pieces of equal mass. One of theseretraces its path . Assume that time consumed in explosion isnegligible. The center of mass of the two pieces just after theexplosion , will be have upward and horizontal velocities

(a) [u sin θ] / 3 and u cosθ respectively

(b) 2 [u sin θ] / 3 and u cosθ respectively

(c) [u sin θ] / 3 and [u cosθ] / 3 respectively

(d) zero and zeroQ39 In the fig shown the springmass system is initially atrest on a frictionless horizontalground. Now the block A is givenvelocity 20 m/s towards B. If mass of A is three times mass ofB then velocity of COM of the system will(a) decrease as spring elongates(b) increase as the spring elongates(c) remain constant with value 15 m/s(d) remain constant with value 20 m/sQ40 A uniform rod of mass M and length L is rotating with

constant angular velocity ω , on a fiction less horizontal table

about a vertical axis passing from one end of the rod. Theforce on the rod by the support will be

(a) M ω

2

L (b) M ω

2

L /4 (c) M ω

2

L /2 (d) zeroQ41 In the previous problem, tension in the rod at distanceL / 3 from the axis of rotation will be -----Q42 A gun of mass M (excluding the mass of bullet) firesa bullet of mass

η

M ,where

η

is a constant , with velocity

u

0

horizontally,

relative

to itself. The gun is free to slide on africtionless floor. Then momentum of the gun after the fire ,will be of magnitude(a)

η

M

u

0

(b)

η

M

u

0

/ (1+

η

) (c) M

u

0

/ (1+

η

) (d) M

u

0

Q43 A insect of mass m is initiallyat rest on a wooden plank

of the mass η m where η is

a constant . The wooden plank is at rest on icy horizontal floor.Length of the plank is d. In certain time the insect walks onthe plank from one end to the other end. In this time periodplank will be displaced by --------------------and displacementof the insect ( as seen by a ground observer ) will be-----------.Q44

***

Two particles A and B of masses10 gm and 30 gm are fixed to the endsof a

ligh

t rod of length 120 cm . The rodis inclined to the vertical at angletan

-1

(3/4) with the end , holding the particle A , touching asmooth horizontal floor at point O on the floor. From thisposition the rod is left free. The

shape

of the path on whichCM of the particles will move , is ---------l.Q45

**

In previous problem if the rod never leaves contactwith the floor the particle B will hit the floor at distance ------from the point O of the floor.

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