About ﬁfty years ago, my grandparents emigrated from Asia tothis country. Like immigrants from many other countries, they were looking for economic opportunities. Since they strove tolearn English and be like other Americans, they gradually became part of the American “melting pot.” They also tried toretain some of their distinct cultural traditions because thosetraditions were part of their identity. In order to preserve thissense of identity, my grandmother told my father stories abouther life in China. Those stories were consequently passed onto me.
For this type of essay, you will need to use arespectful, honest, and informed voice. Your voice also needs to belogical because you are analyzing the causes and effects of a givenevent.Look at the two examples below. Although each example containsa cause and an effect, one of the examples is logical and the other isnot. Can you identify the logical example? Why is the other exampleillogical?
Teenagers are lazy because most of them do not have a part-time job. When the economy is healthy, a lot of people are employed.
Your peers would be a good audience for this essay. They will want to hear your perspective and think abouthow it is similar to or different from their own. As you write,consider the information that will be important to your audience,keep their interest, and help them see the value in what you haveto say.
You may already know a speci
c effect of cultural awareness you can examine. John, for example, was awareof one effect of the local newspaper
s interest in various cultures:each week the food section featured recipes from a different ethnicgroup. He thought that he would write about that effect in his essay.Carmen was aware of one effect that happened as a result of the1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act:museums started to return cultural items to American Indian tribes.That effect, in turn, became a cause. Some of the returned artifactsare now presenting health problems to the tribes because of thetreatments that had been used to preserve the artifacts. Carmen alsoplanned to consider what new effects that could have on the tribes.If you are still uncertain about which effect to write about, takesome time to freewrite so that you generate several ideas. Although some cause and effect essays start by examining aneffect and analyzing the cause, you will be starting this essay withthe cause (cultural awareness) and following with one or moreeffects.Remember that events that simply follow one another are oftennot caused by the previous event. They might just happen to followcontributions that haveenriched the lives of all Americans. In the
rst para-graph of the body of the essay,she explains that because her grandparents strove to learnEnglish and be like other Americans, they graduallybecame part of the American
She also notesthat they wanted to retainsome of their distinct culturaltraditions because those tradi-tions were part of their iden-tity. Tammy uses the words
in order to
to show the causeand effect relationship.
How can you tell a causefrom an effect?
makes somethinghappen. The
is whathappens.Turning the volume of aradio up makes the musiclouder.
Turning the volume up
is the cause.
The music getting louder
is the effect.Sometimes an effectbecomes a cause. For example, the music gettinglouder might cause some-one to say,
Turn it down!