The Aramaic words for son (“bar”) and father (“abba”) constitute the name
. Heis, “the son of the Father.” When the crowd opts for his release, they are tragically choosingthe wrong son.
The seamless garment that Christ wears recalls the seamless garment that the high priestwould wear when he entered the Holy of Holies.3.
References to the Catechism of the Catholic Church
The desire to embrace his Father's plan of redeeming love inspired Jesus' whole life, for his redemptive passion was the very reason for his Incarnation. . . .
Jesus prays: “My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me. . .” Thus heexpresses the horror that death represented for his human nature. . . . By accepting in hishuman will that the Father's will be done, he accepts his death as redemptive.
It is love “to the end” that confers on Christ's sacrifice its value as redemption andreparation, as atonement and satisfaction. He knew and loved us all when he offered hislife. . . . The existence in Christ of the divine person of the Son, who at once surpasses andembraces all human persons, and constitutes himself as the Head of all mankind, makespossible his redemptive sacrifice for all.
Jesus' violent death was not the result of chance in an unfortunate coincidence of circumstances, but is part of the mystery of God's plan . . .
. . . which raises the question about the freedom of Judas, Herod, Pilate, et al. To this, the
says: “To God, all moments of time are present in their immediacy. Whentherefore he establishes his eternal plan of ‘predestination’, he includes in it each person'sfree response to his grace. . . .” (
This sacrifice of Christ is unique; it completes and surpasses all other sacrifices.
First, itis a gift from God the Father himself, for the Father handed his Son over to sinners in order to reconcile us with himself. At the same time it is the offering of the Son of God made man,who in freedom and love offered his life to his Father through the Holy Spirit in reparation for our disobedience.4.
Patristic Commentary and Other Authorities
St. John Chrysostom
Oh! the madness, yea, the avarice of the traitor . . . Judas, takencaptive by this madness of avarice, forgets the conversation, the table of Christ, his owndiscipleship, Christ's warnings and persuasion.
The Lord who had foretold His Passion, prophesied also of the traitor, inorder to give him room for repentance, that understanding that his thoughts were known, hemight repent. Wherefore it is said, And in the evening he comes with the twelve.
St. Gregory the Great
When His Passion was approaching, He is said to have taken breadand given thanks. He therefore gave thanks, who took upon Him the stripes of other men'swickedness; He who did nothing worthy of smiting, humbly gives a blessing in His Passion, toshow us, what each should do when beaten for his own sins, since He Himself bore calmlythe stripes due to the sin of others; furthermore to show us, what we who are the subjects of