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Solaris System Administration - Part 1

Solaris System Administration - Part 1

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Sun
Solaris 9
System Administration Part 1
Prepared by Dzafir Jaffar
Page 2 of 46
Solaris 9 System Administration Part 1
Table of C ontents
Prereq u isites......................................................................................................................................................................4
File S ystem s.......................................................................................................................................................................4

Root Subdirectories........................................................................................................................................................... 4 File Types........................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Filenames, Inodes and Data Blocks.................................................................................................................................. 7 Hard Links.......................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Disk Architecture................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Physical Structure..........................................................................................................................................................8 Disk C omponents...........................................................................................................................................................8 Disk Slices......................................................................................................................................................................9 Disk Slice N aming C onvention.......................................................................................................................................9

How to List Devices............................................................................................................................................................ 9

The /etc/path_to_inst File...............................................................................................................................................9 The prtconf C ommand.................................................................................................................................................10 The format C ommand..................................................................................................................................................11

How to reconfigure devices.............................................................................................................................................. 11 Disk Partitioning............................................................................................................................................................... 12 File System Types............................................................................................................................................................ 16

Disk-Based File Systems.............................................................................................................................................16 Distributed File Systems..............................................................................................................................................16 Pseudo File Systems...................................................................................................................................................17

How to create a ufs File System...................................................................................................................................... 17
How to Mount File Systems............................................................................................................................................. 17
Mount Points and the mount C ommand.......................................................................................................................17
Mounting a File System................................................................................................................................................18
The Virtual File System Table (vfstab)............................................................................................................................. 18
S oftw are In stallation........................................................................................................................................................19

System Requirements...................................................................................................................................................... 19 Before You Begin............................................................................................................................................................. 20 Software Packages.......................................................................................................................................................... 20

Package Information....................................................................................................................................................20 Package Installation.....................................................................................................................................................22 Package C heck............................................................................................................................................................23 The var/sadm/install/contents File................................................................................................................................24

The B oot PR O M................................................................................................................................................................24

What is the Boot PROM................................................................................................................................................... 24 What is N VRAM?............................................................................................................................................................. 25 Boot PROM commands................................................................................................................................................... 25

Boot PROM Version Identification................................................................................................................................25 Boot The System..........................................................................................................................................................25 List/C hange NVRAM Parameters.................................................................................................................................25 Display Devices C onnected to the Bus........................................................................................................................26 Identify Boot Device.....................................................................................................................................................26

Page 3 of 46
Solaris 9 System Administration Part 1

C reate and Remove C ustom Device Aliases...............................................................................................................27 View and C hange N VRAM Parameters from the Shell................................................................................................28 Interrupt a Hung System..............................................................................................................................................30

The Boot Process............................................................................................................................................................. 30
System Shutdown Procedures....................................................................................................................................... 30
The follow ing describe the different types of system shutdowns:............................................................................ 30
User and Security Adm inistration..................................................................................................................................31
C omponents of a User Account....................................................................................................................................... 31
User C reation and Management...................................................................................................................................... 32

User C reation...............................................................................................................................................................32 User Modification.........................................................................................................................................................32 User Deletion...............................................................................................................................................................33

Group C reation and Management................................................................................................................................... 33

Group Account C reation...............................................................................................................................................33 Group Account Modification.........................................................................................................................................33 Group Account Deletion...............................................................................................................................................33

System Access C ontrol.................................................................................................................................................... 34

Difference between /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow.......................................................................................................34 The pwconv C ommand................................................................................................................................................35 Monitor Failed Login Attempts.....................................................................................................................................35 Monitor System Access................................................................................................................................................36

Prin ter M an agem en t an d A dm in istration.......................................................................................................................36

Print Management Tools.................................................................................................................................................. 36 Printer C onfiguration Types............................................................................................................................................. 37 The Solaris LP Print Service............................................................................................................................................ 37 Print Service Directory Structure...................................................................................................................................... 37 The Printing Process........................................................................................................................................................ 38 Creating Printer Classes.................................................................................................................................................. 38 Set or C hange Default Printer or Printer C lass................................................................................................................ 39 Remove Printer C onfiguration.......................................................................................................................................... 39

C lient Side Removal.....................................................................................................................................................39
Server Side Removal...................................................................................................................................................40

Stop and Start the LP Print Service................................................................................................................................. 40 Enable and Disable Printers............................................................................................................................................ 41 Move Print Requests........................................................................................................................................................ 41 View System Processes.................................................................................................................................................. 42 Scheduling C ommand Execution..................................................................................................................................... 42

S ystem B acku ps and R estores.......................................................................................................................................43

Tape Media Types and C apacities.................................................................................................................................. 43 Tape Device N aming Conventions.................................................................................................................................. 43 Backup Types.................................................................................................................................................................. 44 The ufsdump C ommand.................................................................................................................................................. 44 The ufsrestore C ommand................................................................................................................................................ 44 Perform a File System Restore........................................................................................................................................ 45 Determine N umber of Tapes Required............................................................................................................................ 46

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