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The Civilization of Ancient Rome

The Civilization of Ancient Rome

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Published by nynjamo
Class Assignment_Chapter 5
Class Assignment_Chapter 5

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: nynjamo on Apr 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Miguel EspinalWestern Civilizations 1014-14-13 Assignment- Chapter #5/The Civilization of Ancient Rome1.
Summarize the story of Romulus and Remus and describe the importanceof this narrative to Roman society.
When Romulus and Remus became adults,they decided to found a city where the wolf had found them. The brothersquarreled over where the site should be and Remus was killed by his brother.This left Romulus the sole founder of the new city and he gave his name to it
 Rome. Romulus is given the credit for founding Ancient Rome
so legend has it.Children in Roman schools were taught the story and it became almost set instone. This story, of course, is only a legend. The actual growth of Rome is lessexotic and interesting. The city of Rome grew out of a number of settlements thatwere located around seven hills near the River Tiber.2.
Explain what you know about Etruscan society. What did you find mostinteresting? In addition, explain your understanding of the social structureof the society.
The historical role of its people, the Etruscans, was one of alphabet, manufacturing, art and religion rather than of politics. Their origins areuncertain, but they were not of Indo-European origin. Most interesting are other 
elements of their tradition, such as the general emancipation of their women wasalso at odds with general Indo-European tradition. Socially, religion was perhapswhat united the different Etruscan cities most and was motivated by a strongbelief in the afterlife which in many ways is more reminiscent of the Orient andEgyptians than the classical-Roman. The structure of society and its religiousbeliefs is most vivid in the frescos and funerary paintings to be seen in locationssuch as Tarquinia.3.
How did the conquest of Greece impact Roman society?
Greek goods andculture became fashionable in Roman society. Roman fathers would engage theservices of Greek tutors for their children, Roman administrators stripped Greektemples of their statuary, and Greek philosophy and literature became popular among young connoisseurs of rhetoric. More sumptuous eastern fabrics (such assilk from the island of Kos) and elegant ceramics entered the market, whileGreek physicians were engaged by wealthy households. Some Romans thoughtthat Greek influence was actively harmful to the ancient morals and customs of Rome. Cato the Elder, the Censor of Rome and guardian of public morality, wascritical of the Greek scholars and philosophers whom he saw as underminingancient standards of virtue. Cato despised the 'corrupting' Greek influence on
Rome and stated, ―That country will present us with her literature, and corrupt
even more so, if she sends her physicians here. They have sworn tokill off every non-
Greek with medicine!‖
But Cato was fighting a losing battle; asthe Roman poet Horace said nearly 150 years later, "Captive Greece tookcaptive her savage conqueror and brought her arts into rustic Latium."
How did slavery impact Roman society after the Punic Wars?
The increasedslaves from Rome's conquests (the Punic Wars led directly to Rome's wars inGreece against Carthage's allies there) brought an increased interest in foreigncultures, especially that of Greece. New found interests in poetry and philosophyspread through Roman society, and some more conservative Romans saw thisas a degradation of the traditional Roman values. The conservatives, however,failed to stop the spread of Greek culture, which would greatly influence Rome's. Anyone of social standing would speak Greek and Latin, and anything Greek wasconsidered beautiful.5.
Summarize the political career of Julius Caesar.
The political life andachievements of Gaius Julius Caesar are too complex and too well known to belaid out fairly in any brief notice. Suffice it to say that Caesar as general andstatesman did more than anyone else could have attempted, in a period of insane internal strife and civil commotion, that succeeding in what he did withcleverness coupled with a sense of political propriety, he overcame great oddand the forces of his formidable enemy Pompeii. He would have possibly broughtgreater order to Rome than anyone else on the scene, had he not beenmurdered by a group of wrongheaded conservatives, who believed that hisachievements would lead to a kind of single-handed leadership intolerable tothose raised in the old concepts of Rome as a Republic society. Had they comeback in spirit a century later to review the history of Rome under the astute if self-conscious Augustus, the paranoid Tiberius, and finally the schizoid Nero, theymight have repented of their red-necked enthusiasm for Caesar's blood. But all

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