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Learn Korean Ep. 2: Conjugating the ~요 form

Learn Korean Ep. 2: Conjugating the ~요 form

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Published by Billy Go
Learn how to conjugate the ~요 form, which is the most commonly used form in modern Korean speech.
Learn how to conjugate the ~요 form, which is the most commonly used form in modern Korean speech.

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Published by: Billy Go on Apr 25, 2013
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02/15/2014

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Page
1
of 
9
 GO! Billy Korean
Learn Korean Ep. 2: Conjugating the ~
form
In this lesson we
ll learn how to conjugate the
~
form.
I don
t normally like to pickfavorites, but this verb is probably the
most important verb form
to learn in Korean; that
sbecause the concepts we
ll talk about in this lesson will carry over into other grammar formslater on. If you haven
t learned much Korean yet, trust me on this
it
s important to learnthe
form before moving on.
그럼
,
시작할까요? (“Well then, shall we start?”)
 
How to conjugate the ~
form1.
 
Remove the
 2.
 
Add
 / 
 /etc3.
 
Add
 
First, take the verb that you want to conjugate, and remove the
at the end.Congratulations
you have now created what we call the
verb stem
. You
ll see me talkabout verb stems quite often, and they
re an important piece for making other grammarforms as well.Next, look at the last
vowel
in the final syllable of that verb stem. If it
s either
or
, thenyou
ll be adding
; if it
s anything else, you
ll be adding
. Simple, isn
t it?
Umm, we 
’     
ll get back to this.
 Finally, add
to the end to be polite. You don
t need to add a
if you
re speaking withclose friends who are the same age as you or younger, small children, and animals. For allother situations, add the
.Let
s practice with a few examples:Take the verb
“먹다
,
 
to eat.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
 2.
 
The last vowel is
, which means we add
 
 
먹어
 3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
먹어요
 
 
Page
2
of 
9
 GO! Billy Korean
Let
s try with
“좋다
,
 
to be good.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
 2.
 
The last vowel is
, which means we add
 
 
좋아
 3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
좋아요
 That
s the basic rule for conjugating the ~
form, but there are several exceptions to thisrule. The exceptions are good though in the long run
they make the finished product a biteasier to say. Let
s take a look at the first exception.
Exception 1: Ends in a vowel with no consonants
After removing the
, anytime the verb stem ends in a vowel with no consonants (meaningthere are no consonants on the bottom of the last syllable) the
or
ending will combineinto the verb, instead of attaching to it. Let me show you what I mean.Take the verb
“가다
,
 
to go.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
 
ends in a vowel (it has no consonants on the bottom)2.
 
The last vowel is
, so we add
 
 
가아
 But because
ends in a vowel (Step 1), we simply combine the
 
 
 (Here, it appears that the additional
goes away, but it
s actually being combined)3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
가요
 Take the verb
“오다
,
 
to come.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
 
ends in a vowel (it has no consonants at the bottom)2.
 
The last vowel is
, so we add
 
 
오아
 But because
ends in a vowel (Step 1), we simply combine the
 
 
 (Here, you can see clearly that it
s actually combining)3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
와요
 Take the verb
“주다
,
 
to give.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
 
 
Page
3
of 
9
 GO! Billy Korean
ends in a vowel (it has no consonants at the bottom)2.
 
The last vowel is
, so we add
 
 
주어
 But because
ends in a vowel (Step 1), we simply combine the
 
 
 (Here it is also easy to see that it
s combining together)3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
줘요
 This rule makes these types of verbs easier to say
who wants to say
“가아요”
anyway?
Exception 2: Ends in
 
When the verb stem ends in a
, such as in
, or
, to name a couple, it combinessimilarly to Exception 1. Since
is not
or
, normally you would add
to the end.However, to make it easier to say, this
will combine together (becoming
). Here aresome examples:Take the verb
“마시다
,
 
to drink.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
마시
 (
ends in
)2.
 
The last vowel is
, so we add
 
 
마시어
 Because
마시
ends in
(Step 1), we combine the
 
 
마셔
 3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
마셔요
 Take the verb
“가르치다
,
 
to teach.
 1.
 
Remove the
 
 
가르치
 (
ends in
)2.
 
The last vowel is
, so we add
 
 
가르치어
 Because
가르치
ends in
(Step 1), we combine the
 
 
가르쳐
 3.
 
Add a
to the end
 
가르쳐요
 
Exception 3: Ends in
 
When the verb stem ends with the
vowel, in order to know whether to add
or
youneed to look back one more space (the 2
nd
to last syllable) to see what
that
syllable
s last

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