Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
20Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Lubrication

Lubrication

Ratings: (0)|Views: 385 |Likes:
Published by jujuroyale

More info:

Published by: jujuroyale on Mar 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/08/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 LUBRICATION 
 LUBRICANTS PERFORM THE FOLLOWING KEY FUNCTIONS.
1.Reduce friction2.Heat dissipation3.Corrosion prevention4.Prevention of the ingress of water & grit5.Keep moving parts apart6.Carry away contaminants & debris7.Transmit power 8.Protect against wear 9.Seal for gasses10.Stop the risk of smoke and fire of objects
TYPES OF LUBRICANTS 
1.Solid Lubricants:
Such as graphite, boron nitride, PTFE, molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide alsooffer lubrication at temperatures (up to 350 °C) higher than liquid and oil-basedlubricants are able to operate.2.
Liquid Lubricants:
 
 Mineral oil 
:
Encompasses lubricating base oil derived from crude oil.
Vegetable (natural) oils
:
Derived from plants and animals. For lubricant base oil use thevegetable derived materials are preferred. Common ones include high oleic canola oil, palm oil, sunflower seed oil and rapeseed oil from vegetable and Tall oil from animalsources.
 Synthetic oil 
:
Oils consisting of chemical compoundswhich were not originally present incrude oil( petroleum), but wereartificiallymade (synthesized) from other compounds.
3.Gas Lubricants:
Such as
air, helium can be used, the gas being pumped into the bearing tomaintain sufficient pressure between the faces.
 
 PROPERTIES AND TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH LUBRICANTS Viscosity:
This is a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. It is ordinarily expressed interms of the time required for a standard quantity of the fluid at a certain temperature toflow through a standard orifice. The higher the value, the more viscous the fluid is.
Flash point:
The temperature at which vapours of a lubricant will ignite.
 Pour point:
An indicator of the ability of oil to flow at cool operating temperatures. It isthe lowest temperature at which the fluid will flow when cooled under prescribedconditions.1.Emulsification2.Acidity
USES OF ADDITIVES  Anti-oxidants:
Substance added in small quantities to prevent the chemical breakdown of lubricants and the formation if acids. Pressure
 
Oxidation
- Occurs when oxygen attacks fluids. The process is accelerated by heat, light, metal catalysts and the presence of water, acids, or solid contaminants. It leads to increased viscosity and deposit formation.
 De-foaments (Antifoam)
: Additive used to suppress the formation of air bubbles whichtend to form in a circulatory or hydraulic system1.Graphite2.Molybdenum Di-sulphideMoS
2
is unreactive, being unaffected by dilute acids. In its appearance and feel, molybdenum disulfide is similar to graphiteand indeed it is widely used as a solid lubricant
  because of its low friction properties,sometimes to relatively high temperatures.
 Detergent:
Additive to keep engine parts clean by preventing the formation of dirt particles
Types of Lubrication systems
(Diagrams
 )
1.Gravity
Drip Feed Oilers are Single Point Lubricators and are mounted directly on the LubricationPoints. These oilers dispense oil by gravity from transparent reservoir through Needle Valve.The Needle Valve is joined with Toggle Pin by which the Operator can On / Off the flowmanualy. The flow of the oil is controlled by adjusting the needle Valve and can be visiualizedfrom the in built Sight Glass. These Oilers are available in different Thread Size from 1/8" BSPto 3/8" BSP.

Activity (20)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
my_khan20027195 liked this
Dedi Rosa Cupu liked this
ganesan0011 liked this
engrsyoti liked this
engrsyoti liked this
Hasan Khan liked this
lycah001 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->