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APES Treaties and Acts

APES Treaties and Acts

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Published by Jose Marlon Alducin
words and definitions of everything!
words and definitions of everything!

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Jose Marlon Alducin on Apr 26, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/26/2013

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Clean Air Act (1970) Sets goals and standards for thequality and purity of air in the U.S, Bylaw, it is periodically reviewed. Asignificant set of amendments in1990 toughened air quality standardsand placed new emphasis on marketforces to control air pollution.Clean Water Act(1972)Establishes and maintains goals andstandards for U.s water quality andpurity. It has been amended severaltimes, most prominently in 1987 toincrease controls on toxic pollutants,and in 1990, to more effectivelyaddress the the hazard of oil spillsCERCLA (1980) Requires the cleanup of sitescontaminates with toxic waste(superfund). In 1986 majoramendments were made in order toclarify the level of cleanup requiredand degrees of liability. CERCLA isretroactive, which means it can beused to hold liable those responsiblefor disposal of hazardous wastesbefore the law was enacted in 1980Endangered SpeciesAct (1973)Is designed to protect and recoverendangered and threatened speciesof fish, wildlife, and plants in the U.S.and beyond. The law works in part byprotecting species habitatsEnergy Policy Act Authorizes the president to drawfrom the petroleum reserve as well asestablished a permanent home-heating oil reserve in the Northeast.Clarifies when the president can drawfrom these resources.
 
Federal Food Drugand Cosmetic Act(1976)Is the nation's major law regulatingcontamination in food, includingpesticides. The Food and DrugAdministration implements most of this law; the environmentalprotection Agency carries out itspesticide standard setting provisions(with FDA enforcement).Federal InsecticideFungicideRodenticide Act(1947)Controls the sale distribution andapplication of pesticides; amended in1972,1988, and 1996.Ocean Dumping BanActmakes it unlawful for any person todump or transport for the purpose of dumping sewage, sludge, orindustrial waste into watersNationalEnvironmental PolicyAct (1970)Was the 1st of the modernenvironmental statutes. NEPA createdenvironmental policies and goals forthe country, and established thePresidents; council on EnvironmentalQuality. It's most important feature isits requirement that federal agenciesconduct thorough assessments of theenvironmental impacts of all majoractivities undertaken or funded bythe federal government. Many stateshave enacted similar laws governingstate activities.Nuclear Waste PolicyActEstablished a site to identify for andconstruct an underground repositoryfor spent nuclear reactor fuel andhigh-level radioactive waste
 
Oil Pollution Act(1990)Enacted a year after the disastrousExxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska PrinceWilliam Sound this law streamlinesfederal response to oil spills byrequiring oil storage facilities andvessels to prepare spill-responseplans and provide for their rapidimplementation. The law alsoincreases polluters' liability forcleanup costs and damage to naturalresources and imposes measures--including a phase-out of single-hulled tankers--designed to improvetanker safety and prevent spills.ResourceConservation andRecovery Act (1976)Seeks to prevent the creation of toxicwaste dumps by setting standards forthe management of hazardous waste.Like CERCLA this law also includessome provisions for cleanup of existing contaminated sites.Safe Drinking WaterAct (1974)Establishes drinking water standardsfor tap water safety rules forgroundwater protection fromunderground injection; amended in1986 and 1996. The 1996amendments added a fund to pay forwater system upgrades revisedstandard: setting requirementsrequired new standards for commoncontaminants, and included public"right to know" requirements toinform consumers about their tapwater.

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