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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Properties of Liquids
2.1 Units of Measurement
2.1.1 Base Units
2.1.2 Supplementary Units
2.1.3 Derived Units
2.2 Mass, Volume, Density and Specific Weight
2.2.1 Mass
2.2.2 Volume
2.2.3 Density
2.2.4 Specific Weight
2.3 Specific gravity and API gravity
2.3.1 Specific gravity variation with temperature
2.3.2 Specific gravity of blended liquids
2.4 Viscosity
2.4.1 Viscosity variation with temperature
2.4.2 Viscosity of Blended Products
2.5 Vapor Pressure
2.6 Bulk Modulus
2.6.1 Adiabatic Bulk Modulus
2.6.2 Isothermal Bulk Modulus
2.7 Fundamental concepts of Fluid Flow
2.7.1 Continuity
2.7.2 Energy Equation
2.8 Summary
2.9 Problems
Pressure Drop Due to Friction
3.1 Pressure
3.2 Velocity
3.3 Reynold’s Number
3.8 Hazen-Williams Equation
3.9 Shell-MIT Equation
3.10 Miller Equation
3.11 T.R. Aude Equation
3.12 Minor Losses
3.12.1 Gradual Enlargement
3.12.2 Abrupt Contraction
3.12.3 Head Loss and L/D Ratio for Pipes and Fittings
3.13 Internally Coated Pipes and Drag Reduction
3.14 Summary
3.15 Problems
Pipe Analysis
4.2 Barlow’s Equation for Internal Pressure
4.3 Line Fill Volume and Batches
4.4 Summary
4.5 Problems
Pressure and HP Required
5.1 Total Pressure Required
5.2 Hydraulic Pressure Gradient
5.3 Series Piping
5.4 Parallel Piping
5.5 Transporting High Vapor Pressure Liquids
5.6 Horsepower Required
5.6.1 Hydraulic Horsepower
5.6.2 Brake Horsepower
5.7 Effect of Gravity and Viscosity
5.8 System Head Curves
5.9 Injections and Deliveries
5.10 Pipe Branches
5.11 Pipe Loops
5.12 Summary
5.13 Problems
Multi-Pump Station Pipelines
6.1 Hydraulic Balance and Pump Stations Required
6.2 Telescoping Pipe Wall Thickness
Figure 6.2 - Telescoping Pipe Wall Thickness
6.3 Change of Pipe Grade - Grade Tapering
6.4 Slack Line and Open Channel Flow
6.5 Batching Different Liquids
6.6 Summary
6.7 Problems
Pump Analysis
7.1 Centrifugal Pumps versus Reciprocating pumps
7.2 Pump Head versus Flow Rate
7.3 Pump Efficiency versus Flow Rate
7.4 BHP versus Flow rate
7.5 NPSH versus Flow rate
7.6 Specific Speed
7.9 Pump Curve Analysis
7.10 Pump Head Curve versus System Head Curve
7.11 Multiple Pumps versus System Head Curve
7.12 NPSH Required versus NPSH Available
7.13 Summary
7.14 Problems
Pump Station Design
8.1 Suction pressure and discharge pressure
8.2 Control Pressure and Throttle Pressure
8.3 Variable speed pumps
8.3.1 VSD Pump versus Control Valve
8.4 Summary
8.5 Problems
Thermal Hydraulics
9.1 Temperature Dependent Flow
9.2 Formulas for Thermal Hydraulics
9.2.1 Thermal conductivity
9.2.2 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
9.2.3 Heat Balance
9.2.5 Heat Entering and Leaving Pipe Segment
9.2.6 Heat Transfer - Buried Pipeline
9.2.7 Heat Transfer - Above Ground Pipeline
9.2.8 Frictional Heating
9.2.9 Pipe Segment Outlet Temperature
9.2.10 Liquid Heating due to Pump Inefficiency
9.3 Summary
9.4 Problems
10.7 Positive Displacement meter
10.8 Summary
10.9 Problems
Unsteady Flow in Pipelines
11.1 Steady versus Unsteady Flow
11.2 Transient Flow due to Valve Closure
11.3 Wave Speed in Pipeline
11.4 Transients in Cross Country Pipelines
11.5 Summary
12.4 Feasibility Studies and Economic Pipe Size
12.5 Summary
12.6 Problems
RefeRenCes
P. 1
LIQUID PIPEPLINE HYDRAULICS

LIQUID PIPEPLINE HYDRAULICS

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Published by Trafford
This book covers liquid pipeline hydraulics as it applies to transportation of liquids through pipelines in a single phase steady state environment. It will serve as a practical handbook for engineers, technicians and others involved in design and operation of pipelines transporting liquids. Currently, existing books on the subject are mathematically rigorous, theoretical and lack practical applications. Using this book, engineers can better understand and apply the principles of hydraulics to their daily work in the pipeline industry without resorting to complicated formulas and theorems. Numerous examples from the author’s real life experience are included to illustrate application of pipeline hydraulics.
This book covers liquid pipeline hydraulics as it applies to transportation of liquids through pipelines in a single phase steady state environment. It will serve as a practical handbook for engineers, technicians and others involved in design and operation of pipelines transporting liquids. Currently, existing books on the subject are mathematically rigorous, theoretical and lack practical applications. Using this book, engineers can better understand and apply the principles of hydraulics to their daily work in the pipeline industry without resorting to complicated formulas and theorems. Numerous examples from the author’s real life experience are included to illustrate application of pipeline hydraulics.

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Published by: Trafford on Apr 26, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781466977402
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08/17/2013

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9781466977402

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