2006, UNHCR launched the Strengthening ProtectionCapacity Project to identify gaps in refugee protectionand humanitarian assistance.The situation of Myanmar refugees in Thailand is amongthe most protracted in the world. The majority of theserefugees have lived in the camps for more than twodecades. They face insecurity in all aspects of theirlives, both inside and outside the camps and have tocontend with various social problems arising from aprotracted encampment situation.Refugee children are facing great difficulties in pursuingeducation past Grade 10. Meaningful involvement ofwomen in camp activities needs to be increased.Refugees’ basic rights and needs for their economic,social and psychological well-being remain unfulfilled.They do not have the right to work, and those who seekwork outside the camps are at risk of abuse andexploitation.Against this background, the introduction ofthird-country resettlement has opened a significantdurable solutions window. Some 10,000 departures areprojected by the end of 2007, with anticipatedsubmissions of 27,000 persons in 2008 and 22,000 in2009.
Urban refugees and asylum-seekers
Participatory assessments conducted with urbanrefugees and asylum-seekers, most of whom live inBangkok, reveal that their concerns revolve around theirillegal status in Thailand. Fear of arrest and deportation,intimidation by the host community, extreme poverty,lack of legal employment, exploitation and lack ofeducational opportunities are some of their mainconcerns.UNHCR is also concerned about the situation of theLao Hmong, of whom 149 have been detained inNong Khai since the end of 2006. There are alsosome 8,000 Lao Hmong living in temporary shelter inthe northern town of Petchabun. UNHCR does nothave access to this group, although some of themmay be in need of international protection. The RoyalThai Government is planning to screen and repatriatethose whom it deems do not have protectionconcerns. UNHCR is calling for a state screeningprocedure that is in line with international standardsof protection.
2008: USD 11,580,3942009: USD 12,010,847
Ensure the protection and physical security of allpersons of concern.
Promote and assist in the development of nationalrefugee-management bodies and procedures in linewith international protection standards.
Improve the social and economic well-being of refugees.
Expand the search for durable solutions for refugees.
Key targets for 2008 and 2009
•The use of resettlement as a protection tool, adurable solution, and a responsibility-sharingmechanism is maximized; efficient pre-departureand departure arrangements are in place forrefugees accepted for resettlement.•Provincial Admissions Boards are strengthened,with fair and efficient standards for admission,screening and protection of Myanmarasylum-seekers.•The administration of justice in the camps isimproved, and refugees and asylum-seekers havefair and efficient access to judicial and legalremedies as well as traditional justicemechanisms; the Legal Assistance Centres in thecamps function effectively and objectively.•Refugees in camps reach a higher level ofself-reliance by engaging in income-generationactivities, non-formal education and vocationaltraining.•The prevention of, and response to sexual andgender-based violence is improved throughcommunity-based approaches.•Refugee children, including unaccompanied andseparated minors, are monitored and protected,and undergo a best interests determinationprocess.•Refugees have access to quality HIV and AIDSservices, and prevention and awareness-buildingactivities are implemented.•Refugee women benefit from greater participationin camp management and related activities.•Urban asylum-seekers have access to fair andefficient RSD.•Urban refugees and asylum-seekers enjoy basicmedical care and referrals to local hospitals.•Urban refugee children and adolescents haveaccess to primary, secondary, and higher forms ofeducation; adults avail of non-formal educationand vocational training.•UNHCR is able to access and provide protectionto asylum-seekers and refugees held in detention.
252UNHCR Global Appeal 2008-2009
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