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1. Jenner observed that milkmaids who were infected with cowpox were later immune tosmallpox infections. This is an example of a. acquired immunity of barrier skin cells.
b. active immunization with a non-related organism that causes similar symptoms.
c. memory response to a cross-reactive antigen.d. passive immunization from contact with cow's milk antibodies.2. Macrophages generally kill the bacteria they phagocytosis by fusing lysosomes containingdigestive enzymes with the phagocytic vesicle. In the case of pathogens which block this fusion,pathogen killing can still be achieved through the effector function of a. B cells.b. complement.
c. cytotoxic T cells.
a. can be stimulated by antigen binding to complement or antibody.
b. is an antigen-specific process.c. must be preceded by antigen processing.d. rids the body of virus-infected cells.4. Several friends who went on a picnic together developed vomiting and diarrhea from eatingpotato salad contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin. Effects of the toxin couldbest be counteracted bya. antibody binding and neutralization of the toxin.b. antibody opsonization and phagocytosis of S. aureus.
c. antibody opsonization and phagocytosis of the toxin.
d. B cell binding to S. aureus.5. Which of the following statements is FALSE?a. An example of passive Humoral immunity is treatment with horse anti-snake venin.b. Antigen recognized by helper T cells must be associated with Class II MHC molecules on thesurface of professional APC.
c. Each lymphocyte has many antigen binding receptors, each receptor capable of binding thesame antigen.
d. Recognition and killing of virus-infected cells by cytotoxic T cells is an example of adaptiveimmunity.6. The ability of an antigen to induce an immune response does NOT depend on the antigen'sa. degree of aggregation.b. dose.c. size.
d. usual presence in the body.