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Notes on Supply Chain Management

Notes on Supply Chain Management

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Published by hgopalkrishnan
These notes give basics of supply chain management. Topics covered: strategic fit, efficiency-cost frontier, implied demand uncertainty etc
These notes give basics of supply chain management. Topics covered: strategic fit, efficiency-cost frontier, implied demand uncertainty etc

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Published by: hgopalkrishnan on Mar 31, 2009
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07/21/2013

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SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
Objective
Maximise the overall value generated – is the differencebetween what the final product is worth to the customerand the effort the supply chains expends in filling therequest of the customer
Supply chain profitability is the difference between therevenue generated from the customer and the overall costacross the supply chain
It is the total profit to be shared across all supply chainstages
Supply chain success is measured in terms of supplychain profitability and not in terms of the profits at anindividual stage
Revenue is from customer – positive cash flow
All other cash flows are simply fund exchanges thatoccur within the supply chain given that different stageshave different owners
All flows of information, product or funds generatescosts within the supply chain
Supply chain management involves the management of flows between and among stages in a supply chain tomaximise total supply chain profitability
 
Decision Phases
Three categories - Depending on the frequency of eachdecision and the time frame over which a decision has animpact,Supply chain strategy or designSupply chain planningSupply chain operation
Supply chain strategy
Decides how to structure the supply chain over the nextseveral years- chain configuration,- resource allocated and- process at each stage should perform
Decisions include- location and capacities of production andwarehousing facilities,- the products to be manufactured or stored atvarious locations,- the method of transportation to be made availablealong different shipping legs, and- the type of information system to be utilised
Supply chain planning
Under the given configuration decisions are made whichhas impact on a time frame of quarter to a year
Starts with a forecast the coming year or a comparabletime frame
 
Planning decisions include– which market will be supplied from whichlocations,the subcontracting for manufacturing,the inventory policies to be followed, andthe timing and size of marketing promotions
Companies in the planning phase try to incorporate anyflexibility built into the supply chain in the design phaseand exploit it to optimise performance
Companies define a set of operating policies that governshort-term operations
Supply chain operation
Decisions are taken regarding individual customer orderand the time frame is week or days
Configuration is fixed and policies are defined
Objective is to handle incoming customer orders in thebest possible manner
Decisions related withallocation of inventory or production toindividual orders,set a date that an order is to be filled,generate pick lists at a warehouse,allocate an order to a particular shipping modeand shipment,set delivery schedules of trucks, and

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