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Political Desires of the Filipino People

Political Desires of the Filipino People

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Published by profmarkdecena
A Classic Article on Philippine History
A Classic Article on Philippine History

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Published by: profmarkdecena on Apr 27, 2013
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The Political Desires of the Filipino PeopleAuthor(s): Conrado BenitezSource:
The Journal of International Relations,
Vol. 10, No. 2 (Oct., 1919), pp. 151-157Published by:Stable URL:
Accessed: 27/04/2013 09:51
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This content downloaded from 180.191.105.224 on Sat, 27 Apr 2013 09:51:16 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
 
THEPOLITICALDESIRESOFTHEFILIPINOPEOPLE
ByConradoB?nites,Dean,CollegeofLiberalArts,UniversityofthePhilippines,Manila
Afewmonthsagothepeopleof Americaweresurprisedtogetthenewsthatamissionmadeupoffortyrepresenta?
tiveFilipinoshad leftManila andwerecomingtoWashing?tonchargedbythePhilippinelegislaturewiththedutyof
conveyingtotheUnited States"the frankestassurance
ofthegoodwill,friendship,andgratitudeoftheFilipino
people,andsubmitwithasmuchrespectasconfidencethequestionofPhilippineindependence,withaviewtoitsfinalsettlement."For the first timeinthehistoryofFilipino-Americanrelationship,alarge delegationcomposednotonlyofthepoliticalleaders ofthepeople,but alsoofthe variouselementsofthepopulation,wasbeing officiallysenttoAmericatoremindherofherpromiseof two decadesago.Heretofore,the demand forPhilippine independencehasbeenvoiceddirectlytotheAmericanCongressbymeansofformal resolutions of thePhilippinelegislature,andthroughthe residentcommissionersinWashington.Here?tofore,thechargehasbeen madethatthequestionofPhilippineindependencewasofconcernonlytotheFilipino
politicians.Butthesendingof the missionto the United
Stateshasservedtoinvite America's attentiontothe factthatthedesire forindependenceisuniversalamongthe
people.Andinthisconnection,itiswell to addthatthe
recentcabledispatchesfromthePhilippinesannouncingtheunanimousvictoryattheJune thirdelectionsoftheNationalistParty?thepartythatsentthemissiontoAmerica?onlyconfirminanunmistakablemannerthecon?tentionthat theFilipinosas awholeareforindependence.Theproprietyandopportunenessofsendingthismissionatthistime when Americaisoverburdenedwithforeign151
This content downloaded from 180.191.105.224 on Sat, 27 Apr 2013 09:51:16 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions
 
152CONRADO BENITEZanddomesticproblemshas beenquestioned.To thecreditoftheFilipinos,asexpressedbyGovernor-General HarrisonbeforeCongress,itshouldberememberedthatduringthecritical timewhen theUnited Stateswasbusyengagedinthegreatestwarof allages,thepeopleof thePhilippinespurposelyrefrainedfromdiscussingtheirownnationalprob?lem,butinstead,devotedtheirenergiestomilitaryprepa?ration,and showedaspiritofloyaltytoAmericauniqueintherecordofcolonialrelationships.TheauthoritiesandpeopleofAmericaarenowacquaintedwiththewarrecord
ofthetenandahalfmillionFilipinosoverattheothersideofthe Pacific.And itisthissamespiritofloyalty
whichpromptedtheFilipinos,oncethe armisticehadbeensigned,tosendafriendlymissiontoAmerica,andwithoutanygrievance,franklytoremindher thatitwastimeshepracticedinherdomesticrelationsthoseprinciplesshehadenunciatedbefore, during,and after shewentintothewar?principleswhichled hertorecognizetheindependenceofthe smallcountriesofEurope.Inthe wordsofManuelL.Quezon,Presidentof theSenateandchairmanof themission,"howcouldyou,indeed,giveyourrecognition,nay,yourassistanceandcooperationtotheindependenceoftheCzecho-Slovakia, Poland,Jugo-Slavia,andothers,
and withholdthemfrom thePhilippines?Ourexperiment
inself-governmenthas beenpronouncedbyyourownrepre?sentativesa success.Youwerenotboundbyanypromisetothosecountries,butyouwereandaresoboundtothe
Philippines."Suchhas beenthespiritwhichanimated
theFilipinosinsendingthismission.America,inherefforttorulethedestinies of theEuropeanworld,is indangerof
forgettingthedestinyofher tenandahalf millionfriendsinthePhilippines.
Now,therefore,theFilipinopeople,throughtheirlegallyconstitutedrepresentatives,havecomebeforetheAmericanpeople submittingthefollowingpropositions:Frst,thatasdefinedandestablishedinthe actofCongressofAugust29,1916,thepurposeofthegovernmentoftheUnitedStatesistowithdrawitssovereigntyoverthePhilippineIslandas soon asastablegovernmentcanbeestablishedtherein;
This content downloaded from 180.191.105.224 on Sat, 27 Apr 2013 09:51:16 AMAll use subject toJSTOR Terms and Conditions

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