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Applications to Mass Transport

# Applications to Mass Transport

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Applications to Mass Transport
Applications to Mass Transport

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04/28/2013

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1
Applications on MolecularTransport Equation
Lani B. PestañoInstructorMass Transport
Calculatethemassfluxofbenzenethroughalayerofair10mmthickat25
o
Cand200kN/m
2
totalpressure.Thepartialpressureofbenzeneis6kN/m
2
attheleftsideofthelayerand1kN/m
2
attherightside.Themassdiffusivityatthistemperatureandpressureis4.4x10
-6
m
2
/s. AlsoexpressthefluxinEnglishunits.
9.2 Foust
AirC
6
H
6
T=25
o
C
P
T
=200kPa
P
A1
=6kPaP
A2
=1kPa
12
Solution:
A=C
6
H
6
D
=4.4x10
-6
m
2
/s

N
A
A=-DdC
A
dx
Mass Transport Equation:For gases: Express C
A
= f(P
A
) Assume ideal gas:

RTnVP
AA

RTPVn
AA

RTPC
AA

RTdPdC
AA
In Mass Transport eqn
10mm
Solution:

dxdCDAN
AA
By variable separable:

dxdPRTDAN
AA

2A1A21
PPAxxA
dPRTDdxAN

AA
PRTDdxAN

1A2A12A
PPRTDxxAN

  
1221
xxPPRTD AN
A A A
Solution:
Substituting given values:

  
1221
xxPPRTD AN
A A A

  
00101629831481044
6
..x. AN
A

  
mkPaKKkmolemkPasm AN
A
32

smkmolx. AN
A
27
10888

smkmol10x888 AN
27A
.
kmol1gmol1000x

hr ftlbmol10x546 AN
24A
.
In English units:

hr 1

s3600x
2
ft1m30480x
  
.
gmol454lbmol1x
Solution
:
Get
D
at 200kPa:
DD
200kPagg
,.,
C2523kPa325101C25 23
oo
TPTP
      
x200kPa
kPa200C25 g6
o
D32510110x88
,
..
Case II: If
D
is not givenGet
D
from App. D-11(a) Foust
D
(at 25
o
C and 1atm or 101.325kPa) = 0.088 cm
2
/s= 8.8x10
-6
m
2
/s
D
(at 25
o
C and 200kPa) = 4.45 x 10
-6

2
Solution
:
Get
D
at 200kPa:
DD
200kPagg
,KkPa.,K
TPTP
2982332510127323
      
x200KPa
23200298236
2982733251011077
/kPa,Kg/
D.x.
Case II: If
D
is not givenGet
D
from table 2-
324 Perry’s
D
(at 0
o
C and 1atm or 101.325kPa) = 0.077 cm
2
/s= 7.7x10
-6
m
2
/s
D
(at 25
o
C and 200kPa) = 4.45 x 10
-6

AirC
6
H
6
T=25
o
C
P
T
=200kPa
P
A1
=6kPaP
A2
=1kPa
12
Solution: A=C
6
H
6
D
=4.4x10
-6
m
2
/sCase III: Find PA at 5mm
3
x=5mm
P
A3
=?

  
1331
xxPPRTD AN
A A A

3A1A31
PPAxxA
dPRTDdxAN

  
005062983148104410888
367
.P.x.x.
A
P
A3
=3.5kPa AnotherSolution:
tconsxP
A
tan

00506P01061
3
A
..

P
A3
=3.5kPa

Mass Transport
Calculatethemassfluxofmethanolinwaterat77(D=4.95x10
-5
ft
2
/hr).Theconcentrationsofmethanolat2points0.1in.apartare0.05and0.10lb-mole/ft
3
.
9.3 Foust
MethanolinwaterT=77
o
FC
A1
=0.1lbmol/ft
3
C
A2
=0.05lbmol/ft
3
12
Solution:
A=Methanol
(
D
=4.95x10
-5
ft
2
/hr)

dxdCDAN
AA
Mass Transport Equation:
0.1in

1221
xxCCD AN
A A A
fthr mollb0002970 AN
2 A
.

  
1210050100 10954
5
...x. AN
A
Solution
:
Get
D
at 25
o
C or 77
o
FCase II: If
D
is not givenGet
D
from App. D-11(b) Foust
D
(at 20
o
C or 68
o
F) = 1.28x10
-5
cm
2
/s= 1.28x10
-9
m
2
/s
C20LC25L
oo
TDTD
      
(at 25
o
C) = 0.97 cP
(at 20
o
C) = 1.08 cPGet viscosities of the water at 25
o
C and 20
o
Cuse 1.Table 2-
2.nomograph (Fig.2-32)andFor water, X=10.2 Y=13

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