Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
P. 1
Motivation by Ideal

Motivation by Ideal

Ratings: (0)|Views: 7|Likes:
Published by David Velleman
Philosophical Explorations 2002
Philosophical Explorations 2002

More info:

Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: David Velleman on Apr 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/29/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Qejf pecbmsmpejrs gcsouss murkmtcvj nmr dotcfa kmrdbby" tejytjfg tm dssukj tedt ct sjrvjs dsmfj omftrciutmr tm tej irmdgomfnbux mn kmtcvjs tedt `mcftbygjtjrkcfj kmst mn mur ijedv+cmr& Dbtemuae pecbmsmpejrs rjo+mafczj tej pmsscicbcty mn mur ijcfa gcvcgjg cftm kutudbby csmbdtjg kmtcvdtcmfdbourrjfts mn tej smrt pmsctjg" dt tej jxtrjkj" tm jxpbdcf pejfmkjfd suoe ds kub+tcpbj pjrsmfdbcty" tejy dssukj tedt mur kmrdb kmtcvj kust fmt ij teus gcvcgjgnrmk mur mtejr kmtcvjs" bjst cts kdfcnjstdtcmfs cf mur ijedvcmr turf mut tm ij crrd+tcmfdb dfg" dt tej jxtrjkj" cfsdfj& Wejcr dssukptcmf cs tedt tej dotcmfs nbmwcfanrmk mur kmrdb kmtcvj kust cf ndot nbmw nrmk d ufcncjg strjdk mn dbb mur kmtcvjs"duakjftjg iy d kmrdb trciutdry& Wecs dssukptcmf cfnbujfojs wecoe qujstcmfs drj dsljg dimut kmrdb kmtcvd+tcmf dfg wecoe dfswjrs drj omfscgjrjg pbduscibj& Wej dssukptcmf jfomurdajspecbmsmpejrs tm dsl" nmr jxdkpbj" emw tm cgjftcny mur kmrdb kmtcvj dkmfa tejckpubsjs tedt pdss ufgjr tej jyj mn mrgcfdry gjbcijrdtcvj rjnbjotcmf" dfg emw tedtkmtcvj odf pmssciby prjvdcb dadcfst tej ckpubsjs tedt sm omfspcoumusby ndvmrckkmrdbcty&C dk amcfa tm drauj tedt tej kmtcvj ijecfg kmrdb dotcmfs odf ijomkj csmbdt+jg nrmk mur mtejr kmtcvjs" ajfjrdtcfa ijedvcmr tedt cs crrdtcmfdb cf smkj rjspjotstemuae rdtcmfdb cf mtejrs& Cf ky vcjw" kmrdb dotcmf pjrnmrkjg nrmk kmrdbkmtcvjs odf ij bjss tedf nubby rdtcmfdb prjocsjby ijodusj mn tej gcvcscmf cf cts kmtc+
38
Xecbmsmpecodb Jxpbmrdtcmfs •^mbukj ^ %9# •Kdy 9889 53+48?
Kmtcvdtcmf iy Cgjdb
*
 @&Gdvcg ^jbbjkdf
* Wecs cs tej tecrg cf d sjrcjs mn nmur pdpjrs mf fdrrdtcvj sjbn+omfojptcmfs dfg tejcr rmbj cf kmrdbkmtcvdtcmf& Cf tej ncrst pdpjr" ‒Wej _jbn ds Fdrrdtmr‛ %tm dppjdr cf
Dutmfmky dfg tej Oedbbjfajs tmBcijrdbcsk0 Fjw Jssdys"
jg& @mjb Dfgjrsmf dfg @mef Oercstkdf#" C jxpbmrj tej kmtcvdtcmfdb rmbj mn fdrrdtcvj sjbn+omfojptcmfs" grdwcfa mf Gdfcjb Gjffjtt–s fmtcmf mn tej sjbn ds d ‒ojftjr mn fdrrdtcvjardvcty‛& Cf tej sjomfg pdpjr" ‒Qcbbcfa tej Bdw‛ %cf
Xrdotcodb Omfnbcots"
jg& Kmfcld Ijtzbjr dfgXjtjr Idukdff \Odkircgaj0 Odkircgaj Zfcvjrscty Xrjss" nmrteomkcfa[#" C jxpbmrj tej rmbj mn sjbn+omfojptcmfs cf Ldftcdf ‒omfnbcots cf tej wcbb‛" grdwcfa mf Oercstcfj Lmrsaddrg–s fmtcmf mn ‒prdo+tcodb cgjftctcjs‛& Cf d nmurte pdpjr" ‒D _jfsj mn _jbn‛ %K_#" C jxpbmrj tej rmbj mn fdrrdtcvj sjbn+omf+ojptcmfs cf Ldftcdf ‒omfnbcots cf omfojptcmf‛" grdwcfa mf tej wmrl mn Wemkds Fdajb dfg @mefXjrry mf tej sjbn&Nmr cfctcdb omfvjrsdtcmfs mf tej tmpco mn tej ourrjft pdpjr" C dk ardtjnub tm Fcsec _ede& Nmromkkjfts mf df jdrbcjr grdnt" C dk cfgjitjg tm tej Gjpdrtkjfts mn Xecbmsmpey dt tej Zfcvjrsctymn Cbbcfmcs dt Oecodam" tej Zfcvjrscty mn Xcttsiurae" dfg _yrdousj Zfcvjrscty< tm kjkijrs mn MYAcJ %tej Mecm Yjdgcfa Armup cf Jtecos#" cfobugcfa @ustcf G–Drks" Gdf Ndrrjbb" Gmf Euicf" @dfcoj Gmwjbb" Gdvcg _mijb" _caruf _vdvdrsgmttcr" dfg spjocdb aujst Gmua Bdvcf< dfg tm df dfmfy+kmus rjnjrjj nmr tecs `murfdb&
DistrdotC mnnjr df doomuft mn emw cgjdbs kmtcvdtj us&Kydoomuft suaajsts tedt dbtemuae jkubdtcfa df cgjdb csmntjf rdtcmfdb"ct odf bjdg us tm gm crrdtcmfdb tecfas&
Xecb Jxpb iw 9889+fr&9 >?77 8>+8:+9889 4707? Xdacfd 38
 
vdtcmf& Wej rjdsmf wey kmrdb kmtcvdtcmf odf ijomkj csmbdtjg nrmk mur mtejrkmtcvjs" C sedbb drauj" cs tedt ct mntjf gjpjfgs mf tej nmroj mn df cgjdb< df cgjdbadcfs kmtcvdtcmfdb nmroj wejf wj cgjftcny wcte ct< dfg dotcfa mut mn cgjftcncodtcmfwcte df cgjdb cs bclj d adkj mn kdlj+ijbcjvj" cf wecoe wj prjtjfg tm ij tedt wctewecoe wj cgjftcny& Ky draukjft wcbb ijacf" tejf" wcte d omfscgjrdtcmf mn dgubtkdlj+ijbcjvj&Nmr kdfy yjdrs" C rjaubdrby lcoljg ky wcnj cf tej ejdg& Qj wjrj stugycfa WdjLwmf Gm" dfg wj mntjf nmufg mursjbvjs pdcrjg tmajtejr cf grcbbs mr spdrrcfa& Wejrj wj stmmg" ecae+soemmb swjjtejdrts nrmk tej scxtcjs" jdoe dppdrjftby trycfatm lfmol tej mtejr–s ibmol mnn&Qedt cs tej kmtcvdtcmfdb jxpbdfdtcmf nmr suoe ijedvcmr= Wej kmtcvjs kmstmivcmusby dotudtcfa kj cf tej ocroukstdfojs wjrj ky gjscrjs tm jfedfoj ky odr+gcmvdsoubdr nctfjss dfg tm edvj smkj nuf cf tej prmojss& Iut surjby tejrj wmubgij smkjtecfa mgg dimut sdycfa tedt C lcoljg ky wcnj cf tej ejdg cf mrgjr tmbmwjr ky oembjstjrmb mr `ust nmr nuf& Mn omursj" C lfjw ‟ mr" dt bjdst" empjg ‟ tedtky wcnj wmubg sunnjr fm edrk& _ej wds wjdrcfa d nmdk ejbkjt" C wds wjdrcfapdggjg nmmtajdr" dfg C gcgf–t strclj wcte dbb mn ky strjfate& Smu kcaet tecfl" cfndot" tedt C gcgf–t sm kuoe lcol ejr cf tej ejdg ds gm smkjtecfa jbsj tedt wds mfbysupjrncocdbby sckcbdr" suoe ds tdp ejr mf tej tjkpbj wcte ky tmj& _uoe d tdp omubgcfgjjg edvj ijjf prmguojg iy kdfy kmtcvjs mn kcfj" cfobugcfa dnnjotcmf& Sjt tmsdy tedt C wds trycfa tm gjbcvjr d tdp wmubg kcsrjprjsjft tej jfomuftjr0 d pubbjgpufoe mr lcol kdy njjb bclj d tdp tm tej rjocpcjft" iut ct cs cf ndot quctj gcssckc+bdr" scfoj ct cs termwf wcte nubb nmroj dfg ‒pubbjg‛ mfby cf tej sjfsj mn ijcfa dckjgtm ndbb semrt&Qedt odbbs nmr nurtejr jxpbdfdtcmf cs fmt sm kuoe tej ndot tedt C lcoljg kywcnj mf tejsj moodscmfs ds tej spcrct cf wecoe C gcg sm& Nmr mfj tecfa" tej jnnmrtijecfg ky lcols wds gcsprmpmrtcmfdtj tm tej kmtcvjs tedt bjg kj tm tej dotcvctymn spdrrcfa& Wej gjscrjs dfg ijbcjns tedt kcbctdtjg nmr lcolcfa ky wcnj kdy wjbbedvj ijjf strmfajr tedf tej gjscrjs dfg ijbcjns tedt kcbctdtjg dadcfst" iut fmt iyjfmuae mn d kdracf tm doomuft nmr tej zjdb wcte wecoe C wjft dt ejr& _emubgf–tjnnmrt ij prmpmrtcmfdtj tm kmtcvdtcmf= Wejf tejrj cs tej kdffjr mn ky lcols" wecoe dbsm sjjks tm rjqucrj nurtejrjxpbdfdtcmf& Mfj dfg tej sdkj armss kmvjkjft odf jvcfoj gcnnjrjft kmtcvjstermuae suitbj gcnnjrjfojs mn pmsturj" tckcfa" kusobj tjfscmf" dfg imgy jfabcse& Wej lcols tedt C dckjg dt ky wcnj gcg fmt edvj tej cfnbjotcmf mn odbcstejfcos mrsmoojr mr gdfoj< tejy edg tej cfnbjotcmf mn omkidt& Wej ljy tm jxpbdcfcfa tejsj dspjots mn ky ijedvcmr" C tecfl" cs tedt Wdj LwmfGm edg ejbpjg kj tm smbvj d ndkcbcdr kmtcvdtcmfdb prmibjk& Wej jnnmrt tedt mfjkust jxpjfg cf mrgjr tm stdy nct tjfgs tm rjqucrj kmrj kmtcvdtcmf tedf odf ijsuppbcjg iy mfj–s gjscrj nmr nctfjss0 tedt–s wey sm kdfy jxjrocsj prmardks ndcb& Cmfj wdfts tm stdy nct" mfj fjjgs tm ncfg smkj dggctcmfdb smuroj mn kmtcvdtcmf tmgrdw mf& _mkj nmrks mn jxjrocsj acvj mfj doojss tm omkpjtctcvjfjss ds df dggc+tcmfdb kmtcvj" mtejrs tm tjdk spcrct" d bmvj mn fdturj" mr kuscodb cfspcrdtcmf& Kydggctcmfdb smuroj mn kmtcvdtcmf cf Wdj Lwmf Gm wds daarjsscmf" dfg daarjsscmfcs wedt doomuftjg nmr tej jfjray dfg cfnbjotcmf mn ky lcols&
34
Kmtcvdtcmf iy Cgjdb
Xecb Jxpb iw 9889+fr&9 >?77 8>+8:+9889 4707? Xdacfd 34
 
Yjnbjotcmf mf tecs odsj omfvcfojs kj tedt tejrj kust ij smkj trute cf Nrjug–s tej+mry mn tej grcvjs& Qedt–s truj cf tedt tejmry" C tecfl" cs tej pmstubdtcmf mn ecaebybdicbj psyoeco jfjracjs" wecoe edvj mfby d vdauj gcrjotcmf cf tejksjbvjs iut odfij cfvjstjg cf spjocnco dotcvctcjs&
4
Cf stugycfa Wdj Lwmf Gm" C gcsomvjrjg tedt C edg d nufg mn daarjsscmf tmspjfg mf lcols dfg pufoejs" wejtejr tejy wjrj dckjg dt d bjdtejr ida" d edfg+ejbg tdrajt" mr d pjrsmf–s ejdg& Wecs daarjsscmf cs fmt ijst oedrdotjrczjg cf tjrksmn gjscrj dfg ijbcjn& C gcg fmt jftjr tej
gm `dfa
wdftcfa tm skdse smkjtecfa dfgbmmlcfa nmr smkjtecfa tm skdse0 rmuae omftdot wcte kjgcuk+sczjg mi`jots wdsfmt smkjtecfa C gjscrjg dt dbb& Iut ct wds smkjtecfa nmr wecoe C nmufg d omfscg+jrdibj rjsjrvj mn jfjray" cf tej nmrk mn daarjsscmf< dfg tedt daarjsscmf omubg ijturfjg mf vcrtudbby dfy smbcg mi`jot" cfobugcfa dfy pjrsmf wem edppjfjg tm ijky dsscafjg mppmfjft&C dk sckcbdrby cfobcfjg tm ijbcjvj cf d grcvj omrrjspmfgcfa rmuaeby tm tejNrjugcdf bcicgm& Qj smkjtckjs gjsorcij d pjrsmf ds edvcfa d bmt mn bmvj tm acvjiut fmwejrj tm acvj ct& _uoe d pjrsmf eds d nufg mn tjfgjrfjss tedt omubg pmtjf+tcdbby ij spjft mf d bmvjr" d oecbg" d odt" jvjf d adrgjf mr d sordpimml& Cf tecs odsj"ufspjft jfjray kdy ij jxpjrcjfojg ds nrustrdtcmf" dfg sm tej pjrsmf kdy gjvjb+mp d gjscrj nmr smkjmfj mr smkjtecfa tm bmvj& Iut suoe d gjscrj fjjg fmt gjvjb+mp< dfg jvjf wejf ct gmjs" ct rjkdcfs gcstcfot nrmk tej nufg mn jfjray wemsj gcs+iursjkjft ct sjjls& Wej pjrsmf–s gjscrj nmr smkjmfj mr smkjtecfa tm bmvj cs d omf+tcfajft rjdotcmf tm ecs ufspjft tjfgjrfjss" fmt df jssjftcdb omfstctujft mn ct&C rjdbczj tedt tdbl mn psyoeco jfjracjs wcbb strclj pecbmsmpecodb rjdgjrs ds cftmb+jrdiby kjtdpemrcodb& Cf prcfocpbj" tej kjtdpemr odf ij jbckcfdtjg cf ndvmr mn omf+ojpts grdwf nrmk prmpmsctcmfdb+dttctugj psyoembmay0 wj odf omfojcvj mn da+arjsscmf ds d omfdtcvj dttctugj wemsj mi`jot cs pcoljg mut iy d kjftdb rjprjsjf+tdtcmf mn smkj lcfg& Iut wj sedbb tejf ij nmrojg tm omfojcvj mn tecs rjprjsjftd+tcmf jctejr ds rdgcodbby cfgjtjrkcfdtj cf omftjft mr ds pbdycfa d fmf+stdfgdrgrmbj<
9
dfg tej rjsubtcfa omfojptcmf mn daarjsscmf wcbb fmt bjfg ctsjbn tm tej lcfg mn nmrkdbczdtcmf tedt eds sm jfgjdrjg prmpmsctcmfdb+dttctugj psyoembmay tm pecbmsm+pejrs jvjr scfoj Drcstmtbj gcsomvjrjg tej prdotcodb sybbmacsk&Mf tej mfj edfg" cn wj tecfl mn daarjsscmf ds kmtcvdtcfa tej pursuct mn" dfgijcfa tjkpmrdrcby qujbbjg iy" tej bctjrdb trute mn tej dssmocdtjg rjprjsjftdtcmf" tejfwj sedbb edvj tm sdy tedt tej rjprjsjftdtcmf cs ndr tmm vdauj tm ij jxprjssjg cf tejomfojpts wcte wecoe wj omfsocmusby rjdsmf" mr tej tjrks cf wecoe wj wrctj dfgspjdl& Wejrj cs fm ncfctj ‒tedt‛ obdusj mn mrgcfdry bdfaudaj tedt wcbb sunncoj tm spjoc+ny tej pursucts mr sdtcsndotcmfs cf wecoe daarjsscmf odf jvjftudtj& Cn" mf tej mtejredfg" wj cfscst mf nrdkcfa d wrcttjf mr spmljf ‒tedt‛ obdusj tm jxprjss tej omftjft
 @&Gdvcg ^jbbjkdf
39
4Bjt kj jkpedsczj tedt C dk imrrmwcfa mfby smkj jbjkjfts mn Nrjugcdf grcvj tejmry& C dk fmtimrrmwcfa tej kmgjb mn stckubus rjguotcmf" nmr jxdkpbj" iut mfby tej fmtcmf mn cfgjtjrkcfdtjkmtcvdtcmfdb nmrojs& Cfgjjg" ky omfojptcmf mn tejcr cfgjtjrkcfdoy cs gcnnjrjft nrmk Nrjug–s& Nrjuggjsorcijg grcvjs ds edvcfa gjtjrkcfdtj dcks iut ijcfa rjdgcby rjgcrjotjg tmwdrg mtejr dckscfstjdg& C prjnjr tm tecfl mn grcvjs ds edvcfa mfby cfoemdtj dcks&9Wej suistdfoj mn tecs pdrdardpe cs imrrmwjg nrmk Bcfgd Irdljb–s wmrl mf prckdry prmojss& _jjIrdljb %9889#&
Xecb Jxpb iw 9889+fr&9 >?77 8>+8:+9889 4707? Xdacfd 39

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->