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Keliling Dan Luas Bangun Datar

Keliling Dan Luas Bangun Datar

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Published by Amalia Anshari
Bangun Datar
Bangun Datar

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Published by: Amalia Anshari on Apr 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/13/2013

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95
Memk 
X 
SMK/MK 
U
raian
 
Materi
Keliling
 
dan
L
uas
 
Bangun
 
Datar 
A.Macam-Macam Bangun Datar Beraturan
1.Segitiga
a.Macam-Macam Segitiga
1) Segitiga 
 
siku-siku 3) Segitiga 
 
sama 
 
kaki 2) Segitiga 
 
sama 
 
sisi 4) Segitig
 
sebarang 
b.Sifat-Sifat pada Segitiga
1) Jumlah 
 
seluruh 
 
sudut 
 
di 
 
dalam 
 
bangun 
 
segitiga 
 
adalah 
 
180 
° 
α 
°+
β 
°+
 
γ 
°
=
°
Segl
eutu
d
mu
um

memuy
etu
d
uu.D
dlm
mtemt,
ed
 yg
memuy
uu
dpt
dlupehtug
tehdp
ed
teeut.
Ilmu
 yg
mempeljpeguu
deut
geomet.
Geomet
el
d
t
geo 
=
erh 
(
um)
d
mer 
=
meure 
(
uu).
Geomet
meup
lh
tug
d
lmu
mtemt
el
lmu
lg.
Ilmu
geomet
dptt
 jump
pd
ehdup
eh
-
h.
Seg
otoh
pd
memol
tu
moto.
Stem
pegeem
tomol
pd
mol
mupu
motomeggu
mp
 yg
epempg
eg
empt
melegugd
megut
otu
eptu
mp
d
tomol
em.
Pdpemlh

lmu
uu
geomet
dgu
utu
meghtuglu
pemu
mp.
Se
g

em
lu
dgpegeem
m
emmpu
megeem

em
e.
Lehljut
mege
lu
d
ellg
gu
dt

t
peljpd
u
eut.
Perlu
 
Tahu
Piramida-piramida
 
bangsaMesir 
 
Kuno
 
yang
 
dibangun4
000
tahun
 
yang
 
lalu
 
masihmerupakan
 
contoh
 
yangpaling
 
kuat
 
dari
 
struktur bangunan
 
yang
 
mengguna-kan
 
bentuk-bentuk
 
segitiga.
Sumber:
www.wikipedia.org 
Piramida
 
Besar 
 
Khufu
Sumber:
 
www.abltechnology.com
Kampas
 
rem
α 
°
β 
°
γ 
°
 
96
Geomer 
Dme 
Du 
Aplikasi
2
°
α
 
2
°
α 
Seuh
tl
v
etl
umh
t
eetu
epetgm
d
mpg.
 Tetu
e
udut
α
!
Penyelesaian:
Segtg
pd
tl
dpt
dgm
eg
eut.
Δ
BC
meup
egtg
u
-
u
d
tt
.Deg
meggu
tu
udut
pdegtg
u
-
u
dpeoleh
:
+
+
=
°
⇔α
+
⎞ ⎟ ⎠ 
+ °
12
128
+9°
=
°
α 
+°+9°
=
°
α 
+5°
=

2
°
 Jd,
e
udut
α 
 
dlh
2
°
.
2) Teorem
 
Pythagoras 
Utu
egtg
u
-
u
elu Teoem
Pythgo,
 ytu
:
Kudt
mg
m
deg
 jumlh
udt
u
-
uy
,
tu
 
2
+
2
=
2
Contoh:
Pd
egtg
u
-
u
eut
pjg
C 
=

m
d
CB 
=

m. Tetu
pjg
B 
!
Penyelesaian:
B 
=
22
CCB 
+
=
22
4)8)
+
=
1664
+
=
80
=
4
 Jd,
pjg
AB
dlh
4
m.
3) Segitiga 
 
Istimewa a) Segitiga 
 
Siku-Siku 
 
Sama 
 
Kaki 
Pd
egtg
u
-
u
m

 j

uy
dlh
 
tu
m

mgy
dlh
2
tu.
Peh
-
tug
ed
 Teoem
Pythgo
eg
eut.
    
 
97
Memk 
X 
SMK/MK 
   
2
 
°
12
°
 
12
3
  
2
=
 
2
+
2
=
22
+
=
22
x
+
=
2
2
=
2
b) Segitiga 
 
Siku-Siku Tidak 
 
Sama 
 
Kaki 
De
euh
e
-
gtg
u
-
u
 ygmemuy
e
duudut
el
udutu
-
u
dlh
°
d
°
.
 J
pjg
mg
 
tum

u
-
u
ddep
udut
°
 ytu
C 
ey
m
deg
etegh
mgy
12
⎞ ⎟ ⎠ 
.
Utu

u
-
u
d
dep
udut
°
BC 
ey
dlh
12
3
.
c) Keliling 
 
dan 
 
Luas 
 
Segitiga 
De
gu
egtg
eg
BC 
deg
pjg
-
y
dlh
 
,
,
,
d
tggy
 
.
Rumu
lu
dellg
egtg
de
eg
eut.Kellg =
 
+
+
= jumlh
emu

-
yLu=
12

l

 
tgg=
)))
S
SbSc 
⋅ − ⋅ − ⋅ −
deg
=
2
b
+ +
2.Persegi Panjang
Bgu
dt
peeg
pjgmemuy

t
-

t
eg
eut.. Setp

 yg
ehdpmemuy
pjg
 yg
m, ytu
=
DC 
d
BC 
=
.. Meml
empt
uh
udut
u
-
u.. Meml
du
uh
dgol
 ygepotog
d
tu
tt,
 ytu
tt
.d. Tt
memg
du
dgol
mejd
du
g
 yg
m,
 ytu
=
SC 
d
BS 
=
.
SD 
e. Meml
du
umu
met,
du
met
lpt,
d
met
puttgt
du.Rumu
ellg
d
lu
peeg
pjg
de
eg
eut.

Kellg= 2
(
 p 
+
)

Lu=


=
le
d
 p 
=
pjg
 

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