International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, April 2013, Vol. 4 No. 4,ISSN: 1837-782334
Voltage Controlled, Low-Pass and High-Pass Filter using Analog Multiplier
Komal Mehna and Prof. B. P. Singh
FET, Mody Institute of Technology & Science Lakshmangarh, Sikar (Rajsathan), India
To Shape the envelope of the sound being generated in the field of sound and music synthesis, voltage-controlled filters are used. This paper presents the voltage controlled, low pass and high filter using fourquadrants Gilbert multiplier. It also demonstrates the layout of four coordinate Gilbert multiplier. All thesimulations have been performed at the 45nm technology on tanner EDA tool.
Voltage Multiplier, Gilbert Cell, threshold voltage, substrate doping density
Our surrounding world is analog in nature. Digital systems require an analog to digital conversion at thefront of the system and digital to analog conversion at its end. Analog computation and signal processing make itsimpler and faster . Analog signal processing represents the signals as physical quantities like e.g. charge,current, voltage or frequency. These signals are continuous in time. One of the essential components in analogcircuit design is the analog multiplier. In electronics, an analog multiplier is a device, which takes two analogsignals as input and produces an output, which is proportional to their product. An Analog multiplier is animportant sub circuit for many applications such as adaptive filters and frequency modulators . They arewidely used in contemporary VLSI chips for modulation/demodulation, other non-linear operations includingdivision, square rooting as well as frequency conversion. In most of the mentioned applications, the requiredfeatures of the multiplier are good isolation between input and output ports (especially for RF systems), wideinput dynamic range, wide bandwidth, symmetric input to output delay in communication systems, low powerdissipation and low supply voltage . Most of the analog multipliers are based on the MOSFET square lawapproximation of the drain current either in saturation region or triode region  or Gilbert cell. To implementthe multipliers in IC technologies, the Gilbert cell is a popular and the oldest structure in IC technologiesdue to wide dynamic range and high frequency performance . The Gilbert cell uses the cascadeddifferential pair to expand the input voltage range for 4-quadrant multiplications .
Type Of Multiplication1.2.1
On the Basis of Polarity of One or the Both Inputs
Single quadrant multiplier
Two quadrant multiplier
Four quadrant multiplier
Single Quadrant Multiplier
Single quadrant multiplier