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Tzav Selections from Rabbi Baruch Epstein

Tzav Selections from Rabbi Baruch Epstein

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Selections from the published works of Rabbi Epstein on the Parsha
Selections from the published works of Rabbi Epstein on the Parsha

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Published by: Rabbi Benyomin Hoffman on Apr 01, 2009
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From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
ב ,ו קרפ ארקיואוהִ הלָעֹהָ תרַ תאזֹ רמֹאלֵ וינָָ-תאֶוְ ןרֹהֲ-תאֶ וצַ חַֵזְִהַ שאֵוְ רקֶֹהַ-דַ הלָיְַהַ-לכָ חַֵזְִהַ-לַ הדָקְמ לַ הלָעֹהָ :דקַ
א/המ ףד אמוי תסמהלודג הרעמ וז הלילה ל חבזמה לע הדקומ לע הלועה איה ארק רמא
In general there are three pyres on the outside Altar. The first one was the largest, on which the KorbanTamid and portions of all the other Korbanos were burnt. The second, smaller one was next to it.From this pyre, the coals were taken every day to burn the incense on the inner Altar. And the third pyre was solely to fulfill the Mitzvah to have a constant fire on the Altar. Any time that a fire wasneeded elsewhere, it was taken from this third pyre.
חי ,ו קרפ ארקיותאטָחַהַ תרַ תאזֹ רמֹאלֵ וינָָ-לאֶוְ ןרֹהֲ-לאֶ רֵַ
א/יק ףד תוחנמ תסמל תאחה תרות תאז ביתד יאמ קחצי יבר רמאתאח בירקה וליא תאח תרותב קסועה
This does not mean that if one learns about Korban Chatas, it is as if one actually offered the Korban.Rather, the learning is a great merit. However, once the Bais HaMikdash is rebuilt, one who isobligated would still be obligated to offer a Chatas (and not exempt by the prior learning).Please note that Rabbenu Bachaye states that saying the words of Korbanos is not sufficient. One needsto study the details of the Korbanos. The phrase used by Chaza”l is קסוע, which impliescontemplation and investigation.
ב ,ז קרפ ארקיוםשָהָ-תאֶ חֲשְהלָעֹהָ-תאֶ חֲשְרשֶאֲ םקמְִ :ביבִסָ חַֵזְִהַ-לַ קרֹזְמָ-תאֶוְ םינה תרות,םינהו ,םירגה ףא ,הברה םיחו ןא הביר – וחיםידבעו
The entire Parsha has used singular verbs until this word (which is in plural). Thus, this phrase includesthese three groups being eligible to shecht a Korban.Converts would be obviously included. Thus, Rabbi Epstein suggest the proper text would be םירז (andnot םירג), like the words in the Gemara that רזב הרשכ הטיחשה.Why didn’t the Torah use this language in the beginning of VaYikra when first mentioning shechitah? If taught earlier when discussing Olos and Chatas, might think this law applies also to korbanos brought by the congregation. Thus, teaches in the section regarding Asham, which a congregation does not bring.PARSHAPAGES.com
From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
Rashi on this verse is Torah says verse expounds many shechitos since we find a public Asham. RabbiEpstein says this is a mistake and should read since we do not find Asham brought by thecongregation (and thus, many different types of people are able to shecht).PARSHAPAGES.com
From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
חי ,ו קרפ ארקיותאטָחַהַ תרַ תאזֹ רמֹאלֵ וינָָ-לאֶוְ ןרֹהֲ-לאֶ רֵַ תאטָחַהַ חֵשׁָִ הלָעֹהָ חֵשׁָִ רשֶאֲ םקמְִ
It is possible to give a reason why the Torah puts together the Chatas and the Olah. The Korban Olah is brought as part of the process of forgiveness for poor thoughts of the heart. And the Korban Chatas is brought as part of the process for sins in deeds. And if a unique place was established only for theKorban Chatas, then it would be known to all. And the person needing to bring such a Korban would be embarrassed and would be reluctant to do Teshuvah. Thus, one place was established for twoKorbanos in order to avoid embarrassment to the sinner. Chaza”l find allusion to this concept in theverse,
בל קרפא
עשַֶ-ינְ ירֵשְ ליכִְמַ דוִדָלְיסכְהָחֲ 
that one should not publicize a Chatah.
ו ,ז קרפ ארקיוחַיִיַ-אלֹ לֵיֵ נָרְקָ םיְ וימָלָשְ תדַחבַזֶ רַבְ :רקֶֹ-דַ ֶמִ
As the Gemara explains (Chulin 83a) in Torah laws the day follows the night (nightfall is the beginningof a day), except for holy matters involving the Bais HaMikdash, where the night follows the day.The reason is understood since Korbanos are only brought during the daytime, thus the daytime is themain component. And this verse clearly implies that the time to eat a Korban (that was broughtduring the daytime) is all night, and the next day it is not allowed to eat.With this understanding, Rabbi Epstein wishes to explain a problem in halacha in the Mitzvah to say a blessing on learning Torah. The law is that we say one blessing in the morning and this exempts onethroughout the day and the night from having to say another anytime one resumes learning. We justsaid that involving Mitzvos, the day follows the night. Thus, if one resumes learning at night, oneshould have to say a new blessing.Thus, we can explain this concept by remembering in Korbanos the night goes after the day. And theGemara (Taanis 27b) explains that in our time, learning Torah is in the place of bringing Korbanos.Therefore, the learning of Torah acquires the laws of Korbanos, in which the night follows the day.The same concept applies to a Bris Milah, and thus some have a custom to have the special meal at thenight following the daytime of a Bris (which can only occur during the day). Sifrei Kabalah comparethe mitzvah of Milah to the concept of offering a Korban to Heaven.
זל ,ז קרפ ארקיוםשָלָוְ תאטָחַלַוְ החָנְִלַ הלָעֹלָ הרָהַ תאזֹ ימִלָשׁְהַ חבַזֶלְםיאִִלַוְ
The Gemara (Menachos 110a) learns from this verse, that anyone that engages in learning Torah does notneed to bring Korbanos. However, in other places the Gemara teaches that one that in engages inlearning about a Chatas, is as if one offered a Chatas. And also the Gemara teaches such aboutAsham, etc. This is an apparent contradiction.But in truth, Rabbi Epstein explains the two statements refer to two different sets of circumstances.When one learns Torah for it own sake, then one acquires great merit, to such an extent that one doesnot need a Korban. But when one learns so that one would obtain the benefit as if offering a Korban(the second case) then one only receives the merit is as if one offers a Korban.PARSHAPAGES.com

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