Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
9Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
2.BasicConcepts

2.BasicConcepts

Ratings:
(0)
|Views: 300|Likes:
Published by knyazevdanil
Mavko lectures about petrophysics (basics)
Mavko lectures about petrophysics (basics)

More info:

Published by: knyazevdanil on Apr 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/10/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko
14
Basic Geophysical Concepts
 
Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko
15
where 
ρ
density 
K
bulk modulus = 1/compressibility 
µ
shear modulus 
λ
Lamé's coefficient 
E
Young's modulus 
ν
Poisson's ratioM P-wave modulus = K + (4/3)
µ
P wave velocityS wave velocityE wave velocityIn terms of Poisson's ratio we can also write:Relating various velocities:
Body wave velocities have form:
velocity
=
modulusdensity
Moduli from velocities:
µ 
=
ρ 
2
=
ρ 
P
2
43
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 E 
=
ρ 
 E 
2
 M 
=
ρ 
P
2
P
2
2
=
2 1
v
( )
(1
2
v
)
 E 
2
P
2
=
1
+
v
( )
(1
2
v
)(1
v
)
v
=
P
2
2
2
2(
P
2
2
)
=
 E 
2
2
2
2
2
P
2
2
=
4
 E 
2
2
3
 E 
2
2
 E 
2
2
=
3
P
2
2
4
P
2
2
1
P
=
+
(4 / 3)
µ 
ρ 
=
λ 
+
2
µ 
ρ 
=
µ 
ρ 
 E 
=
 E 
ρ 
 
Stanford Rock Physics Laboratory - Gary Mavko
16
Thereflection coefficientof a normally-incident P-wave on a boundary is given by:where
ρ
V is the acoustic impedance. Therefore,anything that causes a large contrast in impedancecan cause a large reflection. Candidates include:•Changes in lithology•Changes in porosity•Changes in saturation•Diagenesis
We usually quantify Rock Physics relations interms of
moduli and velocities 
, but in the fieldwe might look for
travel time or Reflectivity 
 R
=
ρ 
2
2
ρ 
1
1
ρ 
2
2
+
ρ 
1
1
ρ 
1
1
ρ 
2
2

Activity (9)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
catarac19 liked this
mikeblum liked this
wael3000w liked this
mohamadishaq liked this
ammargeol liked this
ammargeol liked this
24h3ri liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->