G20 Research Group, March 27, 2009 2
This report on the “London Economic Summit: Plans for the Second Meeting” iscompiled by the G20 Research Group largely from public sources as an aid to researchersand other stakeholders interested in the meetings of G20 leaders and their invited guests.It will be updated periodically as plans for the summit evolve. Note that this documentrefers to the first G20 leaders’ meeting (or summit), which took place on November 14-15, 2008, in Washington DC (as opposed to the G20 finance ministers forum, which wasfounded in 1999, and other groupings such as the G20 developing countries formed inresponse to the agricultural negotiations at the World Trade Organization).
This editiononly includes material since January 1, 2009. All material from before January 1, 2009,can be found in on the G20 Information Centre website under “Earlier Versions.” Newadditions appear in bold.
The Group of Twenty (G20) leaders met for the first time in 2008, first on November 14for a working dinner and then on November 15 for a working meeting in Washington’s National Building Museum. The official name of the meeting was the “Summit onFinancial Markets and the World Economy.” Participants from systematically significantdeveloping and emerging countries gathered to discuss the global economic and financialcrisis affecting the world. The G20’s members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada,China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia,South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and theEuropean Union. Spain and the Netherlands also participated in the first meeting as partof the French delegation, under the auspices of the European Union. The second summitis scheduled to take place on April 2, 2009. The United Kingdom will host the meeting inLondon.The G20 finance ministers’ and central bank governors’ group first met in 1999. Theymet for the tenth time on November 8-9 2008, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Former Canadian prime minister Paul Martin, a founder of the G20 finance forum, had advocated a“Leaders 20” (L20) forum. With the “special” meeting in Washington in November, thisL20 came to life.Under the Gleneagles Dialogue, since 2005 a group of 20 ministers in the fields of environment and energy have met, most recently in Japan, to discuss issues associatedwith global warming. On the margins of the G8 Hokkaido Summit in Japan in July 2008,the 16 Major Economies Meeting (MEM-16) was held at the summit level, followingofficial-level meetings of this forum started by the United States in 2007. In both cases,membership largely overlaps that of the G20 finance ministers.
The G20 Gleneagles Dialogue is comprised of members from Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, theEuropean Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Iran, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, Poland, Russia,South Africa, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. The MEM-16 is comprised of members