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Published by jadesso1981
The effect of progress on the natural environment and nature's call begging us to return to our roots and live with and among nature, as opposed to trying to push it out of our every day lives.
The effect of progress on the natural environment and nature's call begging us to return to our roots and live with and among nature, as opposed to trying to push it out of our every day lives.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: jadesso1981 on Apr 30, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Running Head: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 1Science, Technology and the EnvironmentJamie A. AdessoEmpire
State College
Author NoteThis paper was prepared for Science and Technology in Western Culture taught by Professor Raymond
The mentality and beliefs of early society have led to the many environmental issues thatthe modern world must resolve. Despite the knowledge provided by science and technology,controversy still exists over the importance of the environment, which problems should take precedence and the best solutions. The argumentative idea that man owns nature is an old belief that has led to two modern day conflicts; the first is
 between the Gitga’at of British Columbia
and Enbridge, an oil company wanting to place pipelines through their home and the second isthat of the European nations battling drug contamination in many waterways across the country.To deal with the environmental problems resulting from technology and science, Westernsocieties created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the World Energy Council(WEC). Both organizations constantly fight against big businesses and politicians for the safetyand improvement of the environment but this has been an uphill battle. In British Columbia,Canada lays a rain forest full of red cedar trees and endangered black bears with white fur. These bears owe their survival to the protection offered by the First Nations who did not hunt or trapthe animal. In the water, purple starfish and eelgrass thrive while sharing this perfect biological
environment with bands of the First Nations. The Gitga’at, a band that came to British Columbia
 because of a sinking ship, has helped to protect their natural and coastal environment to preservetheir way of life. A
fter the ship sank, the Gitga’at developed two beliefs; the first is “n
o matter how safe a ship, the most mundane human error 
can sink it” and the second, “
when disaster 
strikes, they alone will be left to clean up the mess”
(Barcott, 2011). It is these beliefs that not
only cause the Gitga’at to worry, but also to fig
ht against the placement of an oil pipelinethrough their home.Enbridge, a Canadian company yearning to build this pipeline, has big plans for sendinglarge tankers with 2.15 million barrels of crude oil out west in order to open the oil sands to the
Asian markets. Patrick Daniel, CEO at Enbridge, believes it is in the interest of Canada to laythese pipelines. His business associate and the president of Northern Gateway Pipelines, JohnCarruthers claims
the companies involved in this project “want aboriginal ec
 participation…” and they want the bands “to own a stake that will establish a long
-term benefit
to First Nations communities”
(Barcott, 2011). Despite these statements, the oil and pipeline
companies view the world quite differently from the Gitga’at, bringing no end to this fight.The Gitga’at have beliefs similar to Emerson’s thoughts in his essay, “Nature.” They feel
at while a person may own land, no one owns the landscape. “There is a property in thehorizon which no man has…[it] is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty
-deeds give no ti
(Emerson, 1849). In an effort to save their land and keep their landscape pure
and natural, the Gitga’at are strongly opposing Enbridge’s plan to preserve their home and
nature.An opposing argument stemming from beliefs passed down throughout history, the oil
and pipe companies feel nature belongs to them. They no longer “see nature” the way they did aschildren. According to Emerson, “most persons do not see the sun; they have a very superficial
seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of thechild. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each
other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood” (1849). While it is
unlikely that this is
the direct source of the beliefs of the Gitga’at or Enbridge, it does provide a
foundation and reason as to why some people value nature and others do not. A person can saythe same thing a thousand ways, but the meaning remains the same, so whether the words of Emerson are used or not, the belief and founding principal is present.

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