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ECO #2 – ADP-2 – 30th April, 2013

ECO #2 – ADP-2 – 30th April, 2013

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Published by adoptnegotiator
CAN Newsletter from the Bonn Climate Talks, with a focus on ambition and equity.
CAN Newsletter from the Bonn Climate Talks, with a focus on ambition and equity.

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Published by: adoptnegotiator on Apr 30, 2013
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3300 A Appiill
ECO has been published by Non-Governmental Environmental Groups at major international conferences since the Stockholm Environment Conference in 1972. ECO is produced co-operatively by the Climate Action Network at the UNFCCC meetings in Bonn, April-May 2013.ECO email:administration@climatenetwork.org - ECO website:http://eco.climatenetwork.org - Editorial/Production: Kyle Gracey 
 You Can't Feed Your Addiction andBreak It, Too
While delegates will be dis-cussing low emission develop-ment opportunities in today’sworkshop, many of your coun-tries are still feeding their tragicaddiction to fossil fuels. You sayyou want to keep global warmingbelow 2°C and to keep the door open for 1.C, but in fact youare consuming fossil fuels as if 4degrees was the new 2 degrees.The International MonetaryFund tells us that this addictionis costing your taxpayers USD1.9 trillion each year in subsidiesfor the fossil fuel industry (FYI,for comparison, 1.9 trillionseconds is about 60,000 years!). As shown recently by the Inter-national Energy Agency, the res-ult of this is a continuous rise of global carbon emissions eachyear, while we know that emis-sions should in fact peak wellbefore 2015.The archaic, continued supportfor fossil fuels means that theyremain artificially profitable andthat low carbon alternatives suchas renewable energy sourcesand energy efficiency are emer-ging much slower than theycould. Let’s be honest here: youare not aiming for a C world.No, in fact you are underminingthe development of these lowcarbon opportunities, whichcould create local jobs and steer innovation. Instead you line thepockets of the fossil fuel dealersand encourage them to investfurther in a 4+°C future.Just last year, the energy in-dustry invested 674 billion dol-lars for more fossil fuels!However, the Carbon Tracker Initiative has shown that nationalgovernments and global marketshave created a carbon bubblethat will make the real estatebubble look like a blip. If Partiesare really serious about avoidingdangerous climate change,nearly 70 percent of known re-serves of oil, gas and coal mustremain in the ground. Further in-vestments in fossil fuels arelocking us in to a carbon-intens-ive development pathway andmaking climate action morecostly, while diverting invest-ments from existing low cost lowcarbon solutions.In ECOs opinion, any newfossil fuel infrastructure puts our planet at risk. ECO thereforesuggests that you stop being bi-polar and start having a seriousconversation here in Bonn abouthow to phase out fossil fuelssubsidies. ECO has pointed outthat this phasing out should notincrease the vulnerability of people in developing countries
continued on page 2 
ECO was positively sur-prised, during yesterday's ADP2 opening and the follow-ing workshop, hearing Partiesexpressing the fact that equitycan't be neglected in the ne-gotiations a viewpoint thatECO shared long ago. Nowthat ECO and Parties havethis common understandingon the importance of equityfor the 2015 deal, let us sug-gest a way ahead: Partiesshould consider the equityspectrum approach.Firstly, the core equity prin-ciples should be identified,such as the adequacy prin-ciple, CBDR+RC, the right tosustainable development andthe precautionary principle. Inthe equity spectrum ap-proach, the “equity index”would then be composed of abasket of more specific equityindicators. This basket wouldhave to contain well-designedindicators that, taken together,measure both responsibilityand capacity. It could includeindicators for, inter alia, pecapita income and standard of living, per capita emissionsand historical responsibility,and domestic income inequal-ity.Once this basket of indicat-ors is agreed, countries' mitig-ation pledges could bemeasured against this set.This would create the basisfor assessing pledges interms of their adequacy fostaying below C and keep-ing 1.5°C in reach, and interms of a fair and equitablesharing of the mitigation bur-den and atmospheric space.In order to get this reviewdone quickly, Parties shouldput their targets on the tableby the meeting suggested byBan Ki Moon in Septembe2014.Such an approach would notpreclude country groupings(like today’s annexes). In fact,it would make such groupingsmore coherent. For example,the set of countries that ishigh in capacity and respons-ibility would change over time – an important fact, given thatsuch countries are candidatesfor ambitious, legally-binding,economy-wide quantifiedemissions reduction targets.Of course many other kindsof commitments are also pos-sible, and desirable. Obviousexamples include renewableenergy and/or energy effi-ciency targets and sectoraltargets, all of which couldhave various kinds and de-grees of bindingness. Also, itshould be noted that somekinds of actions for certaincountries canbe explicitlycontingent onfinancial andtechnical sup-port.
On Equity: Part 1

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