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Cameron Crim Outline

Cameron Crim Outline

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Published by Cameron Williamson
Criminal Law Outline
Criminal Law Outline

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Cameron Williamson on Apr 30, 2013
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07/17/2013

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1
CRIMINAL LAW THEORIES .................................................................................................................................. 3
 
Reasonable Person .................................................................................................................................................... 5
 
LEGALITY
 
 – 
Statutory Interpretation ..................................................................................................................... 5
 
UNKNOWN MENS REA IN STATUTE ................................................................................................................... 6
 
ACTUS REUS .............................................................................................................................................................. 7
 
MENS REA: Guilty Mind ......................................................................................................................................... 10
 
CULPABILITY TERMS ........................................................................................................................................ 12
 
MPC Mens Rea Definitions .................................................................................................................................... 13
 
STRICT LIABILITY [MPC 2.02(5)/2.13] ............................................................................................................... 14
 
MISTAKE OF FACT [MPC2.04] ............................................................................................................................ 16
 
TYPES OF INTENT
 – 
SPECIFIC INTENT, GENERAL INTENT, STRICT LIABILITY .................................. 17
 
MPC: Ignorance or Mistake of Fact AND Law 2.04 .............................................................................................. 19
 
MISTAKE OF LAW [MPC 2.02(9)] ........................................................................................................................ 20
 
CAUSATION [MPC 2.03]......................................................................................................................................... 22
 
PROXIMATE CAUSE/LEGAL CAUSE
 – 
intervening cause ............................................................................... 22
 
CRIMINAL HOMICIDE .......................................................................................................................................... 25
 
First Degree Murder (express malice): ................................................................................................................... 26
 
Second Degree Murder (implied malice): ............................................................................................................... 27
 
VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER ...................................................................................................................... 27
 
INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER ................................................................................................................. 30
 
Model Penal Code 2.10
 – 
MURDER, MANSLAUGHTER, NEGLIGENT HOMICIDE ...................................... 31
 
FELONY-MURDER RULE ..................................................................................................................................... 32
 
Limitations on Felony Murder ................................................................................................................................ 32
 
ATTEMPT (Inchoate Crimes) .................................................................................................................................. 35
 
MENS REA FOR ATTEMPT ................................................................................................................................ 36
 
ACTUS REUS FOR ATTEMPT ............................................................................................................................ 37
 
7 CL TESTS FOR ACTUS REUS OF ATTEMPT + MPC Test ............................................................................ 38
 
DEFENSE TO ATTEMPT - Impossibility ............................................................................................................. 40
 
ATTEMPT DEFENSE - Abandonment .................................................................................................................. 41
 
SOLICITATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 41
 
CONSPIRACY .......................................................................................................................................................... 42
 
MENS REA for CONSPIRACY ............................................................................................................................ 44
 
SUPPLIER RULE (
 Lauria
) .................................................................................................................................... 44
 
ACTUS REUS for CONSPIRACY ........................................................................................................................ 45
 
ACCOMPLICE LIABILITY = COMPLICITY ..................................................................................................... 47
 
MENS REA for accomplice .................................................................................................................................... 48
 
 
2
ACTUS REUS for accomplice ............................................................................................................................... 49
 
GENERAL DEFENSES ............................................................................................................................................ 50
 
MENTAL CAPACITY .............................................................................................................................................. 52
 
DIMINISHED CAPACITY ...................................................................................................................................... 57
 
SELF DEFENSE ........................................................................................................................................................ 57
 
4 ELEMENTS ........................................................................................................................................................ 57
 
Imperfect Self Defnese ........................................................................................................................................... 58
 
Self Defense and Battered Women ......................................................................................................................... 62
 
CASES ........................................................................................................................................................................ 63
 
Actus Reus .............................................................................................................................................................. 63
 
Mens Rea ................................................................................................................................................................ 64
 
Causation ................................................................................................................................................................ 65
 
Intentional Homicide .............................................................................................................................................. 66
 
Unintentional Homicide/FM ................................................................................................................................... 66
 
Capital Murder ........................................................................................................................................................ 67
 
Self Defense, Necessity, and Duress ....................................................................................................................... 67
 
Mental Illness as a Defense ..................................................................................................................................... 68
 
Attempt ................................................................................................................................................................... 68
 
Complicity .............................................................................................................................................................. 68
 
Conspiracy .............................................................................................................................................................. 69
 
 
3
CRIMINAL LAW THEORIES
PUNISHMENT
 
Harsher punishment (more ppl in prison) ≠ Greater compliance
 
 
Legislatures decide
what 
and
how
much punishment fits offense
 
 
Theories to justify punishment inform judges, lawyers, legislature
 
 
MPC obvious drafted in 1950s during rehabilitation popularity.
 
 
Punishment is societal condemnation and stigma w/conviction. Diff than tort/contract b/c public, social harm.
 
 
Also need to justify it b/c pain/deprivation inflicted intentionally by state
 
 
Punishment needed so threats of punishment taken seriously
 
 
Constitution: may not be punished twice for same offense, may not be punished retroactively,and may not be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment.
 UTILITARIAN
(societal use of deterrence/forward looking) (dominated in 20
th
)
 
Punishment justified by utility to society as whole. Focus on future behavior 
 
 
Amount of punishment that effects behavior across society
 – 
goal laws max net happinesssociety. Laws should be used exclude all painful/unpleasant events
 
 
Some punishments must be disproportionate to keep people from doing it b/c seems minor.Ex. Speeding tickets. Punishments should not be groundless, unp
rofitable…
 
 
Deterrence
:
individual
(punishment deters by incapacitation and intimidation not to commitagain) or 
general
(punish D to convince general community forego crime)
 
People act rational, self-interested, individuals so would be deterred from engaging in crime
when think rationally. Can question this…
 
o
 
 Not always true. Passion crimes? Getting caught might be low chance
 
o
 
Wrongly assumes ppl making choices b/t socially accepted choice.
 
 
Rehabilitation:
popular in 60s. Same goal to reduce future crime
 – 
but educate not tocommit. View as illness. Some ppl thought being soft on crime. Studies showed programs
weren‘t effective. Advocates say didn‘t give them a chance. Certain areas still persist (drug,
assault, domestic violence, targeted anger management)
 
o
 
Issue:
Indeterminant sentencing: how long incarcerate? As long as takes. Could berest of life for petty crime.
 
 
Incapacitation/Incarceration:
Remove offender from society. Indiv. deterrence & sendsmessage. Works if keep long enough and too old to commit crime, but very $
 RETRIBUTIVIST
(offender deserves it/backward looking)
 
Punish as much as deserves. Serious crimes =serious punishment. [some assoc DP w/R]
 
 
Humans have free will and justly blamed when choose violate society‘s
mores
 
 
Care a/b past behavior, what offender did, seriousness of crime.
 
 
Moral desert is sufficient reason and only necessary reason to punish.
Don‘t have to punish
 just to reduce crime. May be others, like crime prevention.
 
Society has duty to punish. Some hold that wrongdoer has
right 
be punished-pay debt.
 
 
 Not focused on future of society as whole.
 
 
Tells how much punishment due and to put ceiling/floor on type of punishment due under utilitarian theories
 
 
Types
 – 
assaultive (morally right hate criminals/hurt them back), protective (secure moral balance/encourage self-restraint/pay debt), victim vindication (right a wrong)
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