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Boy Scout First Aid

Boy Scout First Aid

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Published by Steve DiCiaccio

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Published by: Steve DiCiaccio on May 01, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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List 5 heat or coldrelatedconditions andinjuries.
1. Hypothermia.2. Frost bite.3. Dehydration.4. Heat exhaustion.5. Heat stroke.
List 5 steps youcan go through tohelp someone with head, neck or back injuries.
1. Stabilize the head and neck todetermine if spinal column injury hasoccurred.2. Provide urgent treatment if necessary.3. Do not move the person or let themmove unless immediate threat is present.4. Adjust head and neck only if victim hastrouble breathing.5. Treat for shock but do notunnecessarily change the victimsposition.
List 5 types of minor wounds & injuries.
1. Bruises.2. Puncture wounds.3. Fish hook in skin.4. Cuts & scrapes.5. Blisters on hand and foot.
List 6 common biting & stinginganimals orinsects that areharmful tohumans.
1. Ticks.2. Black widow spiders.3. Brown recluse spiders.4. Fire ants.5. Bees, wasps, hornets, etc.6. Common scorpion.7. Animal bites (raccoon, opossum, etc.)8. Snakes.
List 6 multiplerescuer assiststrategies.
1. Helping the person walk.2. Four handed seat.3. Two handed seat.4. Chair carry.5. Hammock carry.6. Stretchers (shirt, blanket, board)
List 6 types of lifethreateningemergencies.
1. Heart attack.2. Stroke.3. Choking.4. Severe bleeding.5. Tourniquet6. Anaphylactic shock 
Boy Scout First Aid
Study online at
List 7 singlerescuer assiststrategies.
1. Walking assist.2. Ankle drag.3. Shoulder drag.4. Blanket drag.5. One person lift.6. Fire fighter carry.7. Pack strap carry.
List 12 types of other first aidcases.
1. Feinting.2. Hyperventilation.3. Loss of consciousness.4. Seizures.5. Diabetes.6. Foreign object in eye.7. Nose bleeds.8. Ingested poisoning.9. Poisonous plants.10. Abdominal pain.11. Dental injuries.12. Bites & stings.
List the 5 stepsused to splint aninjured limb.
1. Keep the areas above and below theinjury still and stable.2. Check for circulation.3. Extend splints beyond the joint aboveand the joint below the suspected injury.4. Secure splints with bandages,neckerchiefs, or other wide strips of cloth.5. After the splint is in place, recheck forcirculation.
List the 5 typesof bone andmuscle injuries.
1. Muscle cramps.2. Sprains and strains.3. Broken bones.4. Closed fracture.5. Open fracture.
List the 6 typesof burns.
1. Superficial 1st degree burns.2. Partial thickness 2nd degree burns.3. Full thickness 3rd degree burns.4. Chemical burns.5. Electrical burns.6. Sun burns.
List the 6 typesof dentalinjuries.
1. Braces & retainers.2. Bitten lip or tongue.3. Toothache.4. Broken, chipped or loosened tooth.5. Knocked out tooth.6. Possible fractured jaw.
List the 7 stepsused to properly apply a sling tosomeone with aninjured hand,arm, collar boneor shoulder.
1. Support the injured limb above and below the injured area.2. Check the injured area for circulation.3. Position a triangular sling across the victims chest. (consult merit badge book for image)4. Bring the upper free end of the sling behind the neck and lower free cornerupward and tie the ends together with asquare knot.5. Bind the sling to the chest using asecond triangular bandage.6. Bring one end of the rolled up bandageunder the victims uninjured arm and theother side around the back.7. Recheck the injured area for feeling, warmth, and color.
List the stepsinvolved inhandling anemergency.
1. Check the scene.2. Call for help.3. Approach safely.4. Provide urgent treatment (hurry cases).5. Protect from further injury.6. Treat everyone for shock.7. Make a thorough check for otherinjuries.8. Plan a course of action.
List ways youcan protect yourself from blood bornpathogens.
1. Treat all blood as if it wascontaminated with blood born pathogens.2. Thoroughly wash hands with warm water and soap before and after treating asick or injured person.3. Never use bare hands to stop bleeding,use a protective barrier (non-latexdisposable gloves)4. Safely discard all soiled gloves, bandages, dressings, and other used firstaid items.5. Always wash your hands and otherexposed skin with soap and warm waterand/or alcohol based hand sanitizer.
 What are the ABCD stepsinvolved in a lifethreateningemergency.
 A - AirwaB - BreathingC - CirculationD - Defibrillation

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