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A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF WELFARE FACILITIES AMONG THE TEA WORKERS

A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF WELFARE FACILITIES AMONG THE TEA WORKERS

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Published by: mahe202020 on Apr 02, 2009
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04/17/2013

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I. INTRODUCTION & RESEARCH DESIGN
1.1Introduction
All industries are made up of people and function through people,without people no industries exist. The resources for men, material andmachinery are collected, co-coordinated and utilized through people.Human resource by themselves fulfill the objectives of an industries, theyneed to be united into a team. it is through the combined effects of peoplethat material and monetary resource are effectively utilized for theattainment of common objectives without unity of no industry canachieve its goal.According to Urwick. L.F., “Business houses are made broken inthe long run not by market, capital, patents or equipment but by men”Of all the resource, manpower is the only resource, which does notdepreciate with the passage of time. Hence it is the duty of everyemployer to safeguard the resource because without human resource noindustrial unit can survive.In every industrial unit the human resource requires some basicfacilities inside the premises to perform the job properly. These basicfacilities are termed as welfare measures in the Factories act 1948. Theneed for adoption of welfare measures as a means to increase the workers productive efficiency, to keep up these moral and for the maintain of 
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industrial peace which has then realized by all section of the society. Themain objectives of this provision are to provide basic welfare amenities tothe workers, while working in the factories. Provision relating to welfareof the factory workers has been numbered in Section 42 to Section 50 of the factories act 1948. The welfare measures according to the Factoriesact 1948 are as follows
1. Washing facilities
In every factory adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for the use of workers, Separate andadequately screened facilities shall be provided for the male and femaleworkers. Such facilities shall be easily accessible and shall be kept clean.The state government may make rules prescribing adequate standard of facilities for washing.
2. Facilities for storing and drying
In every factory facilities must be provided for the storage of clothing not worn during working hours and for the drying of wetclothing.
3. Facilities for sitting
In every factory where workers are obliged to work in a standing position for suitable arrangements for sitting should be made so that suchworkers may take advantage often opportunity for rest which may occur in the course of their worker. The state government may, by notification
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in the official gazette, grant an exemption from the above provision toany specified factory or classes or description of factories or to anyspecified manufacturing process.
4. First aid appliances
The Act has made the provision for first aid appliances obligatory.Every factory must have first –aid boxes or cupboards equipped with the prescribed contents so as to be readily accessible during all workinghours. In every factory where more then 500 workers are ordinarilyemployed there shall be provided and maintained an ambulance room of the prescribed size containing the prescribed equipment the ambulancerooms shall be in the charge of properly qualified nursing staff. Thesefacilities shall be made readily available during the working hours of thefactory.
5. Canteen
Section 46 casts statutory duty on occupier of a factory, that is tosay, the person who has the ultimate control of affairs of a factory to provide a canteen conforming to the rules which may be prescribed bythe State Government.In every factory employing more than 250 workers the StateGovernment is given the right to require such factories to maintain acanteen for the use of the workers.
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