Acceptance sampling plan was applied by the USmilitary to the testing of bullet during World War ll. If every bullet was tested in advance, no bulletswould be left to ship, since testing was required for firing. If on the other hand, none were tested,malfunction might occur in the battle field withpotential disastrous result.
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WHY ACCEPTANC SAMPLING
The are several situations when 100% inspection is notpractical:
When testing is destructive, otherwise all the products will belost.