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NOTES - 4.3 - First and Second Derivative Test

# NOTES - 4.3 - First and Second Derivative Test

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Notes on the first and second derivative test, with an introduction to curve sketching. AP Calculus, applications of derivatives
Notes on the first and second derivative test, with an introduction to curve sketching. AP Calculus, applications of derivatives

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05/14/2014

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Notes
–
4.3

INCREASING - _____________________________________________________________________

DECREASING - _____________________________________________________________________Ex 1: Find where the function f(x) = 3x
4

–
4x
3

–
12x
2
+ 5 is increasing and where it is decreasingTHE FIRST DERIVATIVE TEST:

If f’ changes from ___________ to __________, then f has a local ________________

If f’ changes from ___________ to __________, then f has a local ________________

If f’ ___
_____________ __________, then ____________________________________Ex 2: Find the local max and min for the function in Ex 1.Ex 3: Find the local maximum and minimum values of the function g(x) = x + 2sinx on [0, 2pi]

Notes
–
4.3

CONCAVE UP - _______________________________________________________________________

CONCAVE DOWN - ____________________________________________________________________

INFLECTION POINT - ___________________________________________________________________THE SECOND DERIVATIVE TEST:

If f’=0 AND f“ is _____________, then f has a local ________________

If f’=0 AND f“ is _____________, then f has a local ________________

If f’=0 AND f“ is _____________, then ________________
EX 4: Sketch a possible graph of a function f that satisfies the following conditions:

f(0) = 0

f(2) = 3

f(4) = 6

f’(0) = f’(4) = 0

f’(x) > 0 for 0 < x < 4

f’(x) < 0 for x <0 and for x > 4

f”(x) > 0 for x < 2

f”(x) < 0 for x > 2

Notes
–
4.3
EX 5: Discuss the curve y = x
4

–
4x
3
, then sketch.