How to build stairs
When you're planning your staircase, you need to think of it this way, "I have a certainheight to reach from the bottom floor to the top floor and I only have just so much lengthto do it."When you measure the height from the bottom floor to the top, make sure you include thesecond floor joists, subfloor, and flooring material. Take the total height in inches. Now here's where the formula comes in. Take the total height that you just measuredfrom bottom to top floor. Divide that number by 7. For example, if the total height is 108-inches, then the answer would be 15.428. Don't worry about the numbers after thedecimal.This tells us that there will be 15 risers used in the staircase. Risers are the vertical part of the stairway. Now we need to know eactly how high to cut each riser so that we haveeven steps all the way to the top floor. We get this number when we divide the floor height in inches (108) by 15. This gives us 7.2 which on a tape measure is about 7 3/16-inches. Now the second part of the stairs is the tread or the horizontal step. This is usually around10-inches deep. The number of treads will be one less than the number of risers. In thiscase there will be 14 treads. To find out how long our staircase will be we need tomultiply the tread length which is 10-inches, by the number of treads which is 14. Thistells us the staircase will be exactly 140-inches long.