The Ecological Perspective
Foraging (gathering food)
Herbivores spend their time eating plants which are poor innutrients therefore spend a lot of time eating = less timesleeping.Carnivores eat food that are high in nutrients therefore don’tneed to eat continuously = afford to rest, conservingenergy.•
Predator Avoidance (Meddis, 1975)
Prey species must remain alert to avoid predator (reducingsleep). Meddis (1975) suggested that sleep help prey tostay out of harms way during parts of the day they are mostvulnerable. For most animals this means sleeping duringthe hours of darkness however there are animals whichhave evolved to be nocturnal.According to Meddis, sleep may just ensure animals stay stillwhen they have nothing better to do with their time.