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GILT Semester Translation UTA

GILT Semester Translation UTA

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Published by Mark Schell
This is a translation of several articles done for my GILT class at the University of Texas @ Arlington.
This is a translation of several articles done for my GILT class at the University of Texas @ Arlington.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Mark Schell on May 03, 2013
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05/03/2013

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How Bavaria became what it is today
 
The history from a recipient to donor land
 
By Rudolf Erhard
 
Is Bavaria becoming a myth?
 
For example, in inter-state fiscal adjustment.
 
Until 1986,Bavaria was a beneficiary country and once again in 1992.
 
It should be noted: thestructural change in Bavaria after 1945 found better conditions as, for example, inWestphalia - no legacies such as coal and steel industries and mining existed.
 
Troops of the seventh Army march into Bavaria on April 30, 1945. At four o'clock in theafternoon, the first American Jeep reaches the Munich Town Hall. At the helm, WolfgangRobinow, a 27 year old German Master Sergeant. In 1933 he emigrated with his jewish parents to the United States: "There were girls hugging everyone around the neck and we had received tons of flowers,which were thrown into the Jeep. Oh, yeah, the Marienplatz square was crowded." The next morning at 5:30, the Bavarian capital is in the hands of US troops. They see acity that is one-third destroyed. In Nuremberg, 51 per cent of the city lay in rubble andash, Würzburg even 75 percent.On May 28, 1945, just three weeks after the war, Bavaria receives its first post-war PrimeMinister. The "Regional Military Government" appoints Fritz Schäffer - a lawyer and lastChairman of the Bavarian People's Party and former member of the Council of State. He
 
reports to the American press officer on the situation in the the country.Schäffer tries to get the chaos under control. But he soon comes under the fire of critics.Main charge: to little involvement in the denazification process. After only four months,Prime Minister Schäffer is replaced on September 28, 1945. His successor, in office onthe same day, is Wilhelm Hoegner. The Social Democrat and former Socialist state andReichstag Deputy is a highly qualified constitutional expert: "My top priority will be our Bavarian and German Fatherland of which we all havelearned in its misfortune to love intimately, and to not bring shame." Hoegner is the integration leader of the first post-war years. Before the first election tothe National Assembly, he develops the principles of the Bavarian Constitution. The preamble states: 
“Mindful of the physical devastation which the survivors of the 2nd World War were l 
ed into by a godless state and social order lacking in all conscience or respect for humandignity, firmly intending moreover to secure permanently for future German generationsthe blessing of Peace, Humanity and Law, and looking back over a thousand years and more of history, the Bavarian people hereby bestows upon itself the following 
 Democratic Constitution.”
 The Constitution is characterized by Hoegners Swiss exile years, from the experience of afederalist system and direct popular legislation. The new Constitution aims to increasethe weight of Bavaria - also in a later German State. It is a State of Bavaria, in which allState authority emanates from the people and in which referendums are possible.The first referendum is the adoption of the Bavarian Constitution on December 1, 1946.One the same day, elections is carried out establishing the first Bavarian State Parliamentwith the CSU winning a 52.3 percent majority. Nevertheless, the CSU is divided into twocamps. Finally, the party agrees on the compromise candidate Hans Ehard. Ehard is acatholic franc with a outspoken Bavarian federalist orientation. He builds a coalitionGovernment with the SPD and Reconstruction Association in order to bring together the
 
destroyed forces in Bavaria. After the war, one of the first state political reporters inBavaria, the 80-year Bernhard Ücker, recalls: "He was elected according to the system: Yes, we had no other choice. Presumably hemade a name for himself. He was also State Prosecutor in the Hitler process from 1923,and was probably such an objective lawyer that not even the Nazis could pursue him.Even if they wanted to, it was never him to blame.But he had a certain reputation among the occupying power and a politically clean sheet.And so it has been suggested in quotation as a compromise, but then he turned out to beone of the great solutions that one could find, because he was really an excellent PrimeMinister." From June 6 to 8, 1947, Bavaria is a model for Germany. Prime Minister Hans Ehardsucceeds in convening an all-German Prime Minister Conference of all four occupationzones to Munich: "I particularly welcome in our midst Mrs. Mayor Luise Schröder as a representative of Berlin, the largest German city, whose heroic efforts to rebuild we all accompany withsincere admiration." 
The divided city is regarded as a symbol of disunity. But the Bavaria‟s attempt to reduce
the division of Germany and to join forces failed. The East German Prime Minister leaves prematurely, despite an appeal of the Bavarian Prime Minister Ehard: "We need to stand together to be able to live at all. These past two years should have
 brought forth the most superficial and selfish to their senses.”
 Bavaria inspires the Constitutional Convention of West German countries in August,1948 on the Herrenchiemsee. The Convention makes proposals to the Basic Law for thelater Parliamentary Council. And Bavaria's Prime Minister Ehard enforced the FederalCouncil solution together with the North Rhine-Westphalian Interior Minister Walter Menzel, SPD, - against Adenauer.

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