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Volksinstrumente Und Instrumentale Volksmusik Mazedoniens-835299

Volksinstrumente Und Instrumentale Volksmusik Mazedoniens-835299

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Volksinstrumente und Instrumentale Volksmusik MazedoniensAuthor(s): Vasil Hadži-Manov and Živko FirfovSource:
Journal of the International Folk Music Council,
Vol. 13 (1961), pp. 77-78Published by: International Council for Traditional MusicStable URL:
Accessed: 23/03/2009 12:29
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available athttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unlessyou have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and youmay use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained athttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ictm.Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printedpage of such transmission.JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. We work with thescholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform thatpromotes the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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SUMMARIESOFCOMMENTARIESON PERFORMANCESOF RECORDINGSAND FILMS77
parochialism.This isparticularlytrueofsongsof theJewsfromYemen,suchas"GodisMyStrength"(Ozziwezimratya:Ex.15,2;arr.Lampel).The conscious revivalofancient elements extendsalso to ceremonialsongs.TheBlessingofthe First Fruits issungatpublicceremonies,and alsoathome,to oneofthemanyold-newtunesof Admon(Vechagshavuot aase lecha:Ex.34,
22;
Ps.126,5).Animportantfactorintheefforts tocreate newsongsbasedon old elementsisthe"ReligiousKibbutz" movement. Here the initiative has beentakenbyMichaelPerlman ofKibbutzYavne,who triestofind a newapproachtoreligious song throughacombination ofBible cantillationandthenewIsraelfolksong,as in hissettingof"Theythatsowin tears shallreapinjoy" (Hazor'imbedim'a:Ps.126,5).Theoptimisticattitudeexpressedin thesesongsis met withinmanyBiblicalsongs,where the text wouldpermitamoresolemninterpretation,forexample,inAmiran'ssettingofIsaiah's "For from Zion cometh forththe Law"(Kimitsiontetse tora:Is.2,3).Thesongsso farconsidered,thoughnotliturgical,arereligiousfolksongs.ButtheBible alsoinspiredmanysecularsongs.Someofthemdescribe thebeautyofthecountry,the "Land of Milk andHoney"(Evetssavat chalavudvash:Ex.3,8;Gamliel).The Biblealsocontains oneoftheoldestlovesongs:theSongofSolomon.Thisisaninexhaustiblesourceforthecomposersoftoday,fromconcertstagetotheatreclub.Here, too,theoptimisticnoteprevails.In thesong"Whitherhasmybelovedgone"there isnothingofthedespairofsearch,onlythecertaintyoffinding.Thetuneisstrictly pentatonicat thestart,but the firstphraseisrepeatedonthe seconddegreeofthediatonicscala(Anapanadodech:Songof Solomon6,I-2;GilAldema).While inthissongpentatonyisabandonedafter the firstphrase,thetune ofoneofthelatest hits inIsrael-"AndUzziah built towers inJerusalemand fortified them"-notonlyavoidssemitones,butusesthree notesonly.Inthearrangement,thisprimitivetuneisenriched(the puristwillsay"distorted")bytraditionalharmony,asimpledescant,imitation andmodulation(WayivenUzziahu...:Chronicles26,9: Zarai).
VOLKSINSTRUMENTEUNDINSTRUMENTALEVOLKSMUSIKMAZEDONIENS
VASILHAD2I-MANOVundZIVKOFIRFOV(Skopje)DIEinstrumentaleVolksmusikdermazedonischenVolksrepublikist ebensogutentwickeltwie dieVokalmusik;sie istsehrbunt und sehrinteressant.Duduk,Schupelka,Kawal,GajdaundKemene sindInstrumente,welcheunmittelbar demDorfeangeh6ren;Tambura,Zurla undTupangeh6renebensoderStadt wiedemDorfean.Endlichist eineInstrumentalgruppeorientalischenUrsprungs,die"Tschalgia,"zuerwahnen,inwelcherverschiedene Instrumentevertretensind.SolcheTschalgienkommennur in denStadtenvor.Duduk:einekiirzere oderlingereBlockflite;einInstrument derHirten,sicherdasnaivste,abernicht daseinfachste,vondenobengenanntenDorfinstrumenten.DieMelodien firDuduksind vonkurzemAtemundrhythmischeinfach.Schupelka:daseinfachsteVolksinstrumentMazedoniens;geh6rtzudenTypenderkurzenFloten.Sein Tonistziemlichschrillabernichtunangenehm.DieMelodienfirSchupelkasindgew6hnlichreichkoloriertund werdeninschnellem
SUMMARIESOFCOMMENTARIESON PERFORMANCESOF RECORDINGSAND FILMS77
parochialism.This isparticularlytrueofsongsof theJewsfromYemen,suchas"GodisMyStrength"(Ozziwezimratya:Ex.15,2;arr.Lampel).The conscious revivalofancient elements extendsalso to ceremonialsongs.TheBlessingofthe First Fruits issungatpublicceremonies,and alsoathome,to oneofthemanyold-newtunesof Admon(Vechagshavuot aase lecha:Ex.34,
22;
Ps.126,5).Animportantfactorintheefforts tocreate newsongsbasedon old elementsisthe"ReligiousKibbutz" movement. Here the initiative has beentakenbyMichaelPerlman ofKibbutzYavne,who triestofind a newapproachtoreligious song throughacombination ofBible cantillationandthenewIsraelfolksong,as in hissettingof"Theythatsowin tears shallreapinjoy" (Hazor'imbedim'a:Ps.126,5).Theoptimisticattitudeexpressedin thesesongsis met withinmanyBiblicalsongs,where the text wouldpermitamoresolemninterpretation,forexample,inAmiran'ssettingofIsaiah's "For from Zion cometh forththe Law"(Kimitsiontetse tora:Is.2,3).Thesongsso farconsidered,thoughnotliturgical,arereligiousfolksongs.ButtheBible alsoinspiredmanysecularsongs.Someofthemdescribe thebeautyofthecountry,the "Land of Milk andHoney"(Evetssavat chalavudvash:Ex.3,8;Gamliel).The Biblealsocontains oneoftheoldestlovesongs:theSongofSolomon.Thisisaninexhaustiblesourceforthecomposersoftoday,fromconcertstagetotheatreclub.Here, too,theoptimisticnoteprevails.In thesong"Whitherhasmybelovedgone"there isnothingofthedespairofsearch,onlythecertaintyoffinding.Thetuneisstrictly pentatonicat thestart,but the firstphraseisrepeatedonthe seconddegreeofthediatonicscala(Anapanadodech:Songof Solomon6,I-2;GilAldema).While inthissongpentatonyisabandonedafter the firstphrase,thetune ofoneofthelatest hits inIsrael-"AndUzziah built towers inJerusalemand fortified them"-notonlyavoidssemitones,butusesthree notesonly.Inthearrangement,thisprimitivetuneisenriched(the puristwillsay"distorted")bytraditionalharmony,asimpledescant,imitation andmodulation(WayivenUzziahu...:Chronicles26,9: Zarai).
VOLKSINSTRUMENTEUNDINSTRUMENTALEVOLKSMUSIKMAZEDONIENS
VASILHAD2I-MANOVundZIVKOFIRFOV(Skopje)DIEinstrumentaleVolksmusikdermazedonischenVolksrepublikist ebensogutentwickeltwie dieVokalmusik;sie istsehrbunt und sehrinteressant.Duduk,Schupelka,Kawal,GajdaundKemene sindInstrumente,welcheunmittelbar demDorfeangeh6ren;Tambura,Zurla undTupangeh6renebensoderStadt wiedemDorfean.Endlichist eineInstrumentalgruppeorientalischenUrsprungs,die"Tschalgia,"zuerwahnen,inwelcherverschiedene Instrumentevertretensind.SolcheTschalgienkommennur in denStadtenvor.Duduk:einekiirzere oderlingereBlockflite;einInstrument derHirten,sicherdasnaivste,abernicht daseinfachste,vondenobengenanntenDorfinstrumenten.DieMelodien firDuduksind vonkurzemAtemundrhythmischeinfach.Schupelka:daseinfachsteVolksinstrumentMazedoniens;geh6rtzudenTypenderkurzenFloten.Sein Tonistziemlichschrillabernichtunangenehm.DieMelodienfirSchupelkasindgew6hnlichreichkoloriertund werdeninschnellem

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