Kevin FisherApril 27, 2013Analysis
KiesSchoenberg Questions/2 Statements1.
In twelve-tone music, what types of harmonies are avoided?a.
article, all consonances are avoided. Thisincludes major and minor triads, including thirds, fifths, octaves, andunisons. This is the same for simple dissonances too, includingdiminished triads and seventh chords, which contain simple 2
intervals. Schoenberg says this is not based on a specific rule, but thegeneral style of twelve-ton
e composers. Eventually, a “happy mixture”
containing some of these sounds will be established.2.
Was Schoenberg extremely public about his tone-row methods?a.
Schoenberg was not open or public about his use of tone-rows forapproximately two years. This is because he knew his colleagues andother musicologists would be perplexed about this concept. At thetime, he did not call this a tone-
row “system”, but a “method” as a tool
for composition. He did not even assume this method as a theory,either. He believed that you could use the tone-row as a tool and
compose music as one had previously done before this new “method”.
He did fear that other composers would become confused, andinevitably, they did.3.
How does Schoenberg feel about functional harmony?a.
Schoenberg does not believe in one idea of harmony. He believes that there are many different ideas out there in regards to compositionand structure. The main point he makes in the articles is that thecomposer must be conscious of his/her fantasies. The composer must have a sense of security and a sense of precision when writing musicbecause the ideas must be believable and convincing for thecomposer. Whatever chord progressions or fundamental movementsthe music is doing is irrelevant
it is the process and backgroundstability by which the music is created that is more important.4.
What is a unit?a.
A unit is “the two
-or-more dimensional space in which musical ideas
are presented”. A phrase is an example of a musical unit. Schoenberg
explains this concept with the example of English words. No singleword can stand alone
it must coincide with other ideas. The same isfor music. One note on a page means nothing unless they are analyzedand controlled by the other notes surrounding the specific note. It isall about the bigger picture when it comes to units. A musical rhythm,harmony, or melody is nothing by itself
it must be considered withother musical entities, which therefore deem a musical unit. A basicset, in the twelve-tone method, can be used in whole or in part, as theyare part of one musical unit.5.
What is retrograde inversion?