Is a physiological and anatomical failure of the bone marrow characterizedby a marked decrease or absence of blood-forming elements in the marrowand peripheral pancytopenia (decreased RBCs ,WBCs and platelets ).
A rare and serious blood disorder in which bone marrow stops makingenough new blood cells. aplastic anemia, normal production of all bloodcells—red cells, white cells, and platelets—slows or stops. This is becausethe stem cells have been damaged. The cause of this damage is oftenunknown.Aplastic anemia is caused by damage to stem cells in the bone marrow.Stem cells normally develop into three types of blood cells: red blood cells,white blood cells, and platelets. When stem cells are damaged, they do notgrow into healthy blood cells.