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Portuese (2009)

Portuese (2009)

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Economics and European Multilingualism
Economics and European Multilingualism

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Published by: Rtoes on May 03, 2013
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06/17/2014

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Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1517424
1
Law and Economics of theEuropean Multilingualism
 Aurélien Portuese
 
Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1517424
2
Content
 
 Abstract
…………………………………………………….………………………………………..…p.5
 
Introduction
…………………………………………………………..……
..
………………..………..p.6
 
I.
 
Law of Languages in The European Union…………….…………………..………...p.6
 
II.
 
Economics of Languages in The European Union……….....………...…………..…
..p.7
Part A: Cost-Benefits Analysis of the European Multilingualism
……………………………....…
..p.8I.
 
Institutional and Policy Cost………...……………………………………...……
...
p.9
a.
 
Linguistic Cost in The 
 EU Institutions…………………………….…..……
...
p.9
 b.
 
Language Teaching Cost…………..…………………………..……...……….
p.10
 
II.
 
Production Cost………………………………………………………….……....
p.11
a.
 
Overview of the EU Language Law on Labeling……………………………...…
p.11
 b.
 
 Economic Analysis of the EU Language Law on Lab 
eling…….…………………
p.12
 c.
 
Cost of the EU Language Law on Labeling……………………….…….…...…
p.14
 
III.
 
Competitive Cost
………………………………………………………...…………p.14
 
a.
 
Language Barriers to Entry………………….………………….………….…
p.14
 b.
 
Cross- 
linguistic Market Entry Decision…………………………………….
.
….
p.17
 
α. The Linguistic 
based Bias…..……………………………………...……
..
p.17
 β. Language Distance as Psychic Distance………………………………
.
…....
p.17
c.
 
Cost-Benefits Analysis for Cross-linguistic Market Entry Decision 
In a Nutshell…...
p.20
 
IV.
 
Contractual Cost…………………………………………………………….….…..
p.21
a.
 
The Multiplying Effect of Language Barriers on Transaction Costs 
.
………….…
.
p.21
 b.
 
Language Barriers as The Major Impediment to EU Cross-border Contracts................
p.22
 c.
 
 An Economic Analysis of Multilingual Contracts…………………………….….
p.22
 
 V.
 
Innovative Cost……………………………………………………………...……...
p.23 VI.
 
Immobility Cost…………………………………………………………….………
p.26
a.
 
Language Barriers to EU Mobility……………………………………...……..
p.26
 b.
 
Languages in The Workplace…………………………………………..…...…
p.27
 c.
 
Discrimination Economics and Language Economics…………...…………...……
p.28
 d.
 
The Cost of The Non- 
 EU Labour Market…..…………………………………
p.28
 
 VII.
 
Criminal Cost…………………………………………………………………
p.29
 
Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1517424
3
 VIII.
 
Political Cost………………………………………………………………….
p.30IX.
 
Benefits…………………………………………………………………………..
...p.31X.
 
Preliminary Conclusi
ons………………………………………………………...…p.32
 
Part B: Linguistic Coase Theorem
………………………………………………………………….
p.33I.
 
From Coase Theorem to Linguistic Coase Theorem……………..…………
.
…....…
p.34
a.
 
Overview of The Coase Theorem……………………………………..……....…
p.35
 b.
 
Overview of The Political Coase Theorem………………………………….....
.
p.36
 
c.
 
Linguistic Coase Theorem 
…………………………………………..……....…
p.36II.
 
Normativity of The Linguistic Coase Theorem………………………………
.
……
.p.37III.
 
Predictive Power of the Linguistic Coase Theorem………………………
.
………
...p.39
a.
 
The Externalities of the 
Current Multilingualism…………………
.
………….…
p.39
 b.
 
Pareto- 
Optimality Applied to a Lingua Franca…………………………………
p.39
 c.
 
The Optimal 
Lingua Franca in The Real World……………………...…………
p.40
 d.
 
Literature Concerning The Choice of EU Lingua Franca……………………...…
p.42
 e.
 
The Reciprocal Nature of The Lingua Franca Problem………………………...…
p.44
 
α. Initial Entitlement of Rights on The UK……………………………....….
p.45
 β. Initial Entitlement of Rights on The Continental Europe 
………………....…
p.45IV.
 
 The Challenges of The XXIst Century Europe: Competitiveness And Democracy....p.48
 Table of Cases
………………………………………………………………………………………..p.49
 
Bibliography
………………………………………..………………………………………………...p.50
 

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