Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Animal Experimentation 2

Animal Experimentation 2



|Views: 297 |Likes:
Published by mwjackso
This paper deals with the ethical issues surrounding Animal experimentation
This paper deals with the ethical issues surrounding Animal experimentation

More info:

Published by: mwjackso on Apr 04, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less



JACKSON 1Michael W. JacksonA02-92-6779Warren 11B17 March 2000Animal Experimentation: Survival of the FittestThe progressive nature of humanity has brought itself to a crossroads. Thedilemma that humanity faces today concerns the extent of moral consideration.The question is then posed: should animals receive consideration equal to that of humanity and with, this equal consideration should practices such as animalexperimentation and factory farming be stopped? This decision, however, fails toacknowledge the basic idea of "survival of the fittest" and the benefits of animalexperimentation. The survival of the species is the direct concern of all animals, beit a conscious or subconscious directive. Humanity, however, in its desire to bemorally progressive wishes to elevate itself above the other animals and in turndisregard the natural law of survival. With this regard a minority of the populationfeel that the benefits of animal experimentation in no way outweigh the pain andsuffering incurred by the lab animals. Though the loss of animal life is terrible, theloss of millions, thousands or even one human life is more deplorable if science andknowledge can prevent it.Animal experimentation can bring great advancements in medical scienceand furthermore in the survival of the human race. Parkinson's disease is adisabling infliction that causes tremors and mental impairment which effects over one million people in the United States. The treatment for Parkinson's until 1989
JACKSON 2was L-dopa, which was unable to stop the advancement of the disease and couldincrease the severity of the tremors. With the aide of animal experimentation a newdrug has been approved called deprenyl which slows the progression of Parkinson's disease (Langley 50). The field of animal experimentation has led toadvances in the continuation of human life and is a significant necessity to thecontinued survival of man. It is unfortunate that any being had to suffer in the nameof medicine, but in the greater scheme of things, these animals have provided agreat service to humanity.Animal experimentation does however have its weaknesses and it is clear that one needs to maintain concern with unwarranted experimentation. The classicexample is cosmetic research. Though the industry states that the research is onlyfor product safety concerns many find this research frivolous. The occurrence ocosmetic testing has decreased significantly in recent years (87%) due to thenegative press associated with such endeavors (MRMC 1). A second area of useless experimentation occurred with reference to the link between smoking andlung cancer. The link between lung cancer and smoking was observed in humansand it was decided to refer these findings to the field of animal experimentation.When the experiment was then conducted with animal subjects the link was notevident. Because the laboratory did not yield conclusive results the move toeducate humans about the harmful effects of smoking was delayed many years (2).This is often the case with carcinogenic compounds and animal models that cannotreproduce the human reaction and in turn wounds the progression of science.These examples of frivolous animal experimentation are not supported today.
JACKSON 3These examples should however not tarnish the beneficial research producedthrough animal experimentation.The foremost supporter of equal consideration of animals is Peter Singer.Singer uses the Utilitarian approach to the world to dictate a need to extend equalconsideration to animals on the basis of suffering. The principle behind this claim isthat in the Utilitarian approach to life, the goals of society should be to promote thegreatest pleasure or cause the least pain (Rachels 103). Based upon the structureof a utilitarian society Singer feels that the ability to suffer leads to equalconsideration of animals. Singer bases his argument on the fact that animals canfeel pain and suffer equal to that of humans. The Singer approach is probably themost significant form of the debate over the rights of animals. The focus of thedebate concerns itself with the conflicting ideas that one either uses animals for benefit or one grants equal consideration to animals and in turn does not use themas means to an end (i.e. find a vaccine through experimentation) but treats them asequals. Singer in his approach however neglects many hidden weaknesses thatundermine the strength of his overall statement.The argument against animal testing is understandable, but not truly justified.The first significant issue not addressed by Singer is the extent to which the newlevel of consideration should apply to all forms of life. If the capacity to suffer wouldbe the determining factor of this decision, then the extension of considerationshould run its course to the outmost reaches of the animal kingdom. This wouldinclude such entities as bacteria, which most of humanity would find absurd and notreadily acceptable. Singer, in further review of his work, does not address the field

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->