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The Delta Record Ten in a Row

The Delta Record Ten in a Row

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press release on the Delta launch vehicle
NASA press release on the Delta launch vehicle

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on May 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/04/2013

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration
J
I
/
GODDARD
SPACE
FLIGHT
CENTER
•••
NEW
S
GREENBELT, MARYLAND
OFFICE OF
PUBLIC INFORMATION
PHONE 982· 4555 .
FOR
RELEASE
FOLLOWING
TEL
STAR
I
ORBIT
ANNOUNCEMENT
THE
DELTA
RECORD:TEN
IN
A
ROW
CAPE
CANAVERAL,
Fla.,
July
1962
---The
queen
of
the
U.
S.
space
pro-
" gram
is
a
three-stage
rocket
named
Deita.
In
less
than
two
years,
after
ten
straight
successful flights--topped
today
by
Telstar 1--
Delta
has
pitched
over
a
ton
of
satellites
into
orbit
and
earned
for
itself
a
record
of
reliability
unmatched by
any
space
booster.
Delta's
queenly
attributes
go back
to the
early
Thor-Able
rock-
et
and
the
still
earlier
Vanguard, from
which
it
acquired
its
upper
stages.
Although
today's
Delta contains
vastly
different
hardware,
experiencegained
from
these
early
programs--plus
good management
and
a
close-working
Goddard
Space
Flight
Center-Douglas
Aircraft
Comp,any
team--has
resulted in
what
NASA
Admin:l,strator,
James E. Webb,
recently called,
"the
greatest
record
of
reliability
of
any
of
our
launch
vehicles
...
"
~
Delta
was
intended
originally
to
be
an
interim
booster
vehicle.
The
initial
contract for
12
Deltas
was
signed
with
Douglas
Aircraft
in
April,
1959.
Since
then,
because
of
its
exceptional
reliability
and
versatility,
a
total
of
31
payloads
have been
programmed
for
Delta.
VITAL
STATISTICS
The
Delta
first
stage
is
a
60-foot
modification
of
the
Air
Force-
-more -
 
-2 -
developed
Thor
(SM-75)
which
generates
150,000
pounds
of
thrust
during
the'two
and
two-thirds
minutes
its
50
tons
of propellent
burn.
The
second
stage
is
17
feet
tall
and weighs
a
little
more
than
two
and
one-half
tons.
It
is
powered
by
an
Aerojet-General
liquid
engine,
which
develops
7,500
pounds
ofthrust
during
its
slightly
less
than
two
minutes
of
burning time.
Delta's
one-half
ton,
solid
propellent
third
stage
is
only
five
feet
high
and
uses
an
Allegany
Ballistics
Laboratory
l\BL
248
engine
with
a
thrust rating
of
3,000
pounds.
Its
burning
time
is
40
seconds.
Fully
assembled
on
its
launch
stand
at
Cape
Canaveral,Delta
towers
nine
stories
~nd
weigh~
57
tons.
FLIGHT
SEQUENCE
Up
to
T+90
seconds
Delta
is
guided
by
its
Thor
auto-pilot,
then
the Bell
Telephone
Laboratories radio
guidance system
takes
over
and
makes
velocity
and
steeringcorrections
as
needed.
Shortly
after
second
stage
ignition,
the
fairing,
coveringthe
third
stage
and
the
satellite
payload,
is
jettisoned.
At
about
four
and
one-half
minutes
after
lift-off,
second
stage
burning
terminates.
The
vehicle,
with
second
and
third
stages
still
attached,
is
now
at
an
altitude
of
about
125
miles.
At
this
point
a
coast
period
begins
which
may
vary
from
40
sec
onds
up
to
20
minutes,
depending
on
the
type
of
orbit
desired for
a
specific
payload.
During
the
coast
phase,guidance
is
provided
bya 42=pound
flight
control
system
contained
in
the
second
stage,
De
pending
on
the
payload,
the
third
stage
is
"spin
stabilized"
by
three
to
eight
small rockets
mounted
on
a
spin
table
bet~een
the
second
and
~
more
~
 
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