Part 1Options for reducing availability of unlawful materialon the internet
10. There are three main methods for reducing the availability of unlawfulmaterial on the internet.• The material can be removed at source;• The material can be blocked atthe network level bythe ISP;• The material can be filtered atthe desktop byfiltering or parental controlsoftware.
Removal at source
11. The most logical way to reduce the availability of material on theinternet is to remove itat source. ISPs anywhere in the world can be asked toremove material from their servers, and those in.the UK usually do so whenthe material is clearly illegal and/or itcontravenes their Acceptable UsePolicies.12. In addition to this informal path, section 3 of the Terrorism Act 2006created a notice and take down regime for
Section 3 allows a constable to serve a notice on the person(s)responsible for unlawfully terrorism-related material on the internet. Thenotice requires that the terrorism-related material be removed or modifiedwithin two working days. Failure to comply with a section 3 notice is not anoffence but the person on whom the notice is served will not be capable of using the statutory defence of non-endorsement contained in sections 1and 2of the Terrorism Act 2006 were a prosecution to ensue under those sections.Section 3 notices can be issued on person(s) inthe UK or overseas.13. For material hosted in the UK the above mechanisms work well.However, asking for material hosted outside the UK to be modified orremoved either through informal contaCt or through a section 3 notice isimpractical and difficult to achieve. There is no mechanism for enforcing asection 3 notice (either in the UK or overseas) other than to prosecute and itwould be extremely difficult and time consuming to bring a prosecutionagainst an individual located outside the UK for offences under sections 1or 2of the Terrorism Act 2006.14. Although removal at source is appropriate in some circumstances ithas a limited effect given that itis obvious to the owner of the material that ithas been removed and the material can then easily be moved elsewhere. Itcan also be difficult to achieve ifthe material is hosted overseas as outlinedabove.
Network level blocking
15. Blocking occurs at the
so users have
aboutthe controls that are applied to the material they wish to view. The onlymaterial currently blocked at the network level for UK based users is