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Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2

# Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2

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New Math Book_Part2
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05/05/2013

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LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)
469and this line meets the plane
x
¡
y
+ 2
z
= 27
where
2 +
t
¡
(
¡
1
¡
t
) + 2(3 + 2
t
) = 27
)
2 +
t
+ 1 +
t
+ 6 + 4
t
= 27
)
6
t
+ 9 = 27
)
6
t
= 18
)
t
= 3
)
N is (
5
,
¡
4
,
9
).The shortest distance, AN
=
(5
¡
2)
2
+ (
¡
4
¡¡
1)
2
+ (9
¡
3)
2
=
54
units.Find the coordinates of the foot of the normal N from A(
2
,
¡
1
,
3
) to the planewith equation
r
=
i
+ 3
+
¸
(4
i
¡
j
+
) +
¹
(2
i
+
j
¡
2
)
,
¸
,
¹
2
R
:
The normal to the plane has direction vector given by(
4
i
¡
j
+
k)
£
(
2
i
+
j
¡
2
)
=
¯¯¯¯¯
i j
4
¡
1 12 1
¡
2
¯¯¯¯¯
=
Ã
1106
!
.The equation of the normal through A is
Ã
xyz
!
=
Ã
2
¡
13
!
+
t
Ã
1106
!
so N must have coordinates of the form
(2 +
t
,
¡
1 + 10
t
,
3 + 6
t
)
.But N lies in the plane, so
Ã
2 +
t
¡
1 + 10
t
3 + 6
t
!
=
Ã
103
!
+
¸
Ã
4
¡
11
!
+
¹
Ã
21
¡
2
!
)
8<:
2 +
t
= 1 + 4
¸
+ 2
¹
¡
1 + 10
t
=
¡
¸
+
¹
3 + 6
t
= 3 +
¸
¡
2
¹
and so
8<:
4
¸
+ 2
¹
¡
t
= 1
¡
¸
+
¹
¡
10
t
=
¡
1
¸
¡
2
¹
¡
6
t
= 0
Solving simultaneously with technology gives
¸
=
40137
,
¹
=
¡
7137
,
t
=
9137
)
N is the point
¡
2
9137
,
¡
47137
,
3
54137
¢
Check by substituting for
¸
and
¹
in the equation of the plane.
1
Find the equation of the plane:
a
with normal vector
Ã
2
¡
13
!
and through (
¡
1
,
2
,
4
)
b
perpendicular to the line connecting A(
2
,
3
,
1
) and B(
5
,
7
,
2
) and through A
c
perpendicular to the line connecting A(
1
,
4
,
2
) and B(
4
,
1
,
¡
4
) and containingP such that AP : PB
= 1 : 2
d
containing A(
3
,
2
,
1
) and the line
x
= 1 +
t
,
y
= 2
¡
t
,
z
= 3 + 2
t
.
Example 20
EXERCISE 16D