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P. 1

Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2-4Ratings: (0)|Views: 5|Likes: 0

Published by Nhocticaro Nhoc

New Math Book_Part2

New Math Book_Part2

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/139535387/Copy-of-Pages-From-New-Math-Book-Part2-4

05/05/2013

text

original

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

475 None of the planes are parallel.

)

the line of intersection of any two is parallel to the third plane. (diag

(8)

)

Case (2)

If

m

6

=

¡

1

there is a unique solution.

(

¡

m

¡

1)

z

= 9

¡

m

2

)

(

m

+ 1)

z

=

m

2

¡

9

)

z

=

m

2

¡

9

m

+ 1

From row

2

,

2

y

¡

z

= 0

)

y

=

12

z

=

m

2

¡

92(

m

+ 1)

From row

1

,

x

=

¡

3

y

+

z

=

¡

3(

m

2

¡

9)2(

m

+ 1)+2(

m

2

¡

9)2(

m

+ 1)=9

¡

m

2

2(

m

+ 1)

The three planes meet at a unique point (diag

(6)

)

µ

9

¡

m

2

2(

m

+ 1)

,

m

2

¡

92(

m

+ 1)

,

m

2

¡

9

m

+ 1

¶

provided

m

6

=

¡

1

.

b

Comparing with

a

,

2

¡

m

= 1

and

9

¡

m

2

= 8

)

m

= 1

)

the three planes meet at the point

¡

84

,

¡

84

,

¡

82

¢

, i.e., (

2

,

¡

2

,

¡

4

).

a

Find the intersection of the planes:

x

+

y

+ 2

z

= 22

x

+

y

¡

z

= 4

b

Hence solve:

x

+

y

+ 2

z

= 22

x

+

y

¡

z

= 4

x

¡

y

¡

z

= 5

Give a geometric interpretationof your result.

a

The augmented matrix

·

1 1 2 22 1

¡

1 4

¸

»

·

1 1 2 20 1 5 0

¸

The system is consistent with infinite solutions.Let

z

=

t

so

y

=

¡

5

t

,

x

= 2 + 3

t

,

t

2

R

are the solutions,

)

the two planes meet in the line

x

= 2 + 3

t

,

y

=

¡

5

t

,

z

=

t

,

t

2

R

:

Note:

This line passes through (

2

,

0

,

0

) has direction vector

Ã

3

¡

51

!

.

b

The solutions of the first

2

equations are

x

= 2 + 3

t

,

y

=

¡

5

t

,

z

=

t

f

from

a

g

Substitution into the third equation gives

2 + 3

t

+ 5

t

¡

t

= 5

)

7

t

= 3

)

t

=

37

)

x

=

237

,

y

=

¡

157

,

z

=

37

)

the three planes meet at the unique point

¡

237

,

¡

157

,

37

¢

.

Example 24

476

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

1 a

How many solutions are possiblewhen solving simultaneously:

a

1

x

+

b

1

y

+

c

1

z

=

d

1

a

2

x

+

b

2

y

+

c

2

z

=

d

2

?

b

Under what conditions will the planes in

a

be:

i

parallel

ii

coincident?

c

Solve the following using elementary row operations and interpret each system of equations geometrically:

i

x

¡

3

y

+ 2

z

= 83

x

¡

9

y

+ 2

z

= 4

ii

2

x

+

y

+

z

= 5

x

¡

y

+

z

= 3

iii

x

+ 2

y

¡

3

z

= 63

x

+ 6

y

¡

9

z

= 18

2

Discussthe possiblesolutionsof the followingsystemswhere

k

is a real number. Interpretthe solutions geometrically:

a

x

+ 2

y

¡

z

= 62

x

+ 4

y

+

kz

= 12

b

x

¡

y

+ 3

z

= 82

x

¡

2

y

+ 6

z

=

k

3

For the eight possible geometric solutions of three planes in space, comment on the possible solutions in each case.For example, has infinitely many solutions where

x

,

y

and

z

are expressed in terms of two parameters

s

and

t

.

4

Solve the following systems using elementary row operations and in each case state thegeometric meaning of your solution:

a

x

+

y

¡

z

=

¡

5

x

¡

y

+ 2

z

= 114

x

+

y

¡

5

z

=

¡

18

b

x

¡

y

+ 2

z

= 12

x

+

y

¡

z

= 85

x

¡

2

y

+ 5

z

= 11

c

x

+ 2

y

¡

z

= 82

x

¡

y

¡

z

= 53

x

¡

4

y

¡

z

= 2

d

x

¡

y

+

z

= 82

x

¡

2

y

+ 2

z

= 11

x

+ 3

y

¡

z

=

¡

2

e

x

+

y

¡

2

z

= 1

x

¡

y

+

z

= 43

x

+ 3

y

¡

6

z

= 3

f

x

¡

y

¡

z

= 5

x

+

y

+

z

= 15

x

¡

y

+ 2

z

= 17

5

Solve the system of equations

x

¡

y

+ 3

z

= 12

x

¡

3

y

¡

z

= 33

x

¡

5

y

¡

5

z

=

k

where

k

takes all real values.State the geometrical meaning of the different solutions.

6

Find all values of

m

for which

x

+ 2

y

+

mz

=

¡

12

x

+

y

¡

z

= 3

mx

¡

2

y

+

z

= 1

has a unique solution.In the cases where there is no unique solution, solve the system. Give geometricalmeanings to all possible solutions. Illustrate each case.

7

Find if and where the following planes meet:

P

1

:

r

1

=2

i

¡

j

+

¸

(3

i

+

k

) +

¹

(

i

+

j

¡

k

)

P

3

:

P

2

:

r

2

=3

i

¡

j

+ 3

k

+

r

(2

i

¡

k

) +

s

(

i

+

j

)

EXERCISE 16F

P P P

z= x= c

r

3

=

Ã

2

¡

12

!

+

t

¡

u

Ã

1

¡

10

! Ã

0

¡

12

!

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