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Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2-4

Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2-4

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Published by Nhocticaro Nhoc
New Math Book_Part2
New Math Book_Part2

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Published by: Nhocticaro Nhoc on May 05, 2013
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05/05/2013

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LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)
475 None of the planes are parallel.
)
the line of intersection of any two is parallel to the third plane. (diag
(8)
)
Case (2)
If 
m
6
=
¡
1
there is a unique solution.
(
¡
m
¡
1)
z
= 9
¡
m
2
)
(
m
+ 1)
z
=
m
2
¡
9
)
z
=
m
2
¡
9
m
+ 1
From row
2
,
2
y
¡
z
= 0
)
y
=
12
z
=
m
2
¡
92(
m
+ 1)
From row
1
,
x
=
¡
3
y
+
z
=
¡
3(
m
2
¡
9)2(
m
+ 1)+2(
m
2
¡
9)2(
m
+ 1)=9
¡
m
2
2(
m
+ 1)
The three planes meet at a unique point (diag
(6)
)
µ
9
¡
m
2
2(
m
+ 1)
,
m
2
¡
92(
m
+ 1)
,
m
2
¡
9
m
+ 1
provided
m
6
=
¡
1
.
b
Comparing with
a
,
2
¡
m
= 1
and
9
¡
m
2
= 8
)
m
= 1
)
the three planes meet at the point
¡
84
,
¡
84
,
¡
82
¢
, i.e., (
2
,
¡
2
,
¡
4
).
a
Find the intersection of the planes:
x
+
y
+ 2
z
= 22
x
+
y
¡
z
= 4
b
Hence solve:
x
+
y
+ 2
z
= 22
x
+
y
¡
z
= 4
x
¡
y
¡
z
= 5
Give a geometric interpretationof your result.
a
The augmented matrix
·
1 1 2 22 1
¡
1 4
¸
»
·
1 1 2 20 1 5 0
¸
The system is consistent with infinite solutions.Let
z
=
t
so
y
=
¡
5
t
,
x
= 2 + 3
t
,
t
2
R  
are the solutions,
)
the two planes meet in the line
x
= 2 + 3
t
,
y
=
¡
5
t
,
z
=
t
,
t
2
R  
:
Note:
This line passes through (
2
,
0
,
0
) has direction vector 
Ã
3
¡
51
!
.
b
The solutions of the first
2
equations are
x
= 2 + 3
t
,
y
=
¡
5
t
,
z
=
t
f
from
a
g
Substitution into the third equation gives
2 + 3
t
+ 5
t
¡
t
= 5
)
7
t
= 3
)
t
=
37
)
x
=
237
,
y
=
¡
157
,
z
=
37
)
the three planes meet at the unique point
¡
237
,
¡
157
,
37
¢
.
Example 24
 
476
LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)
1 a
How many solutions are possiblewhen solving simultaneously:
a
1
x
+
b
1
y
+
c
1
z
=
d
1
a
2
x
+
b
2
y
+
c
2
z
=
d
2
?
b
Under what conditions will the planes in
a
be:
i
parallel
ii
coincident?
c
Solve the following using elementary row operations and interpret each system of equations geometrically:
i
x
¡
3
y
+ 2
z
= 83
x
¡
9
y
+ 2
z
= 4
ii
2
x
+
y
+
z
= 5
x
¡
y
+
z
= 3
iii
x
+ 2
y
¡
3
z
= 63
x
+ 6
y
¡
9
z
= 18
2
Discussthe possiblesolutionsof the followingsystemswhere
k
is a real number. Interpretthe solutions geometrically:
a
x
+ 2
y
¡
z
= 62
x
+ 4
y
+
kz
= 12
b
x
¡
y
+ 3
z
= 82
x
¡
2
y
+ 6
z
=
k
3
For the eight possible geometric solutions of three planes in space, comment on the possible solutions in each case.For example, has infinitely many solutions where
x
,
y
and
z
are expressed in terms of two parameters
s
and
t
.
4
Solve the following systems using elementary row operations and in each case state thegeometric meaning of your solution:
a
x
+
y
¡
z
=
¡
5
x
¡
y
+ 2
z
= 114
x
+
y
¡
5
z
=
¡
18
b
x
¡
y
+ 2
z
= 12
x
+
y
¡
z
= 85
x
¡
2
y
+ 5
z
= 11
c
x
+ 2
y
¡
z
= 82
x
¡
y
¡
z
= 53
x
¡
4
y
¡
z
= 2
d
x
¡
y
+
z
= 82
x
¡
2
y
+ 2
z
= 11
x
+ 3
y
¡
z
=
¡
2
e
x
+
y
¡
2
z
= 1
x
¡
y
+
z
= 43
x
+ 3
y
¡
6
z
= 3
f
x
¡
y
¡
z
= 5
x
+
y
+
z
= 15
x
¡
y
+ 2
z
= 17
5
Solve the system of equations
x
¡
y
+ 3
z
= 12
x
¡
3
y
¡
z
= 33
x
¡
5
y
¡
5
z
=
k
where
k
takes all real values.State the geometrical meaning of the different solutions.
6
Find all values of 
m
for which
x
+ 2
y
+
mz
=
¡
12
x
+
y
¡
z
= 3
mx
¡
2
y
+
z
= 1
has a unique solution.In the cases where there is no unique solution, solve the system. Give geometricalmeanings to all possible solutions. Illustrate each case.
7
Find if and where the following planes meet:
1
:
r
1
=2
i
¡
j
+
¸
(3
i
+
) +
¹
(
i
+
j
¡
)
3
:
2
:
r
2
=3
i
¡
j
+ 3
+
r
(2
i
¡
) +
s
(
i
+
j
)
EXERCISE 16F
P P P
z= x= c
r
3
=
Ã
2
¡
12
!
+
t
¡
u
Ã
1
¡
10
! Ã
0
¡
12
!

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