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Chemistry Syllabus

Chemistry Syllabus

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IGCSE Syllabus 2013 for Chemistry
IGCSE Syllabus 2013 for Chemistry

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01/20/2014

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13
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
The Curriculum content below is a guide to the areas on which candidates are assessed.It is important that, throughout this course, teachers should make candidates aware of the relevance of theconcepts studied to everyday life, and to the natural and man-made worlds.In particular, attention should be drawn to:the finite life of the world’s resources and the need for recycling and conservationeconomic considerations in the chemical industry, such as the availability and cost of raw materials andenergythe importance of chemicals in both industry and everyday life.Specific content has been limited in order to encourage this approach, and to allow flexibility in the designof teaching programmes. CIE provides schemes of work, which can be found on the CIE Teacher Supportwebsite.Candidates may follow the Core curriculum only
or
they may follow the Extended curriculum, which includesboth the Core and the Supplement.
1. The particulate nature of matterCore
Describe the states of matter and explain theirinterconversion in terms of the kinetic particle theoryDescribe and explain diffusionDescribe evidence for the movement of particles ingases and liquids (a treatment of Brownian motion is
not
required)
Supplement
Describe dependence of rate of diffusionon molecular mass (treated qualitatively)
2. Experimental techniques
2.1 Measurement
Core
Name appropriate apparatus for the measurementof time, temperature, mass and volume, includingburettes, pipettes and measuring cylinders2.2 (a) Criteria of purity
Core
Describe paper chromatographyInterpret simple chromatogramsIdentify substances and assess their purity frommelting point and boiling point informationUnderstand the importance of purity in substancesin everyday life, e.g. foodstuffs and drugs
Supplement
Interpret simple chromatograms,including the use of
f
valuesOutline how chromatography techniquescan be applied to colourless substancesby exposing chromatograms tosubstances called locating agents(knowledge of
specific 
locating agents is
not
required)
14
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
2.2 (b) Methods of purification
Core
Describe methods of purification by the use of asuitable solvent, filtration, crystallisation, distillation(including use of fractionating column). (Refer to thefractional distillation of crude oil in section 14.2 andproducts of fermentation in section 14.6.)Suggest suitable purification techniques, giveninformation about the substances involved
3. Atoms, elements and compounds
3.1 Atomic structure and the Periodic Table
Core
State the relative charges and approximate relativemasses of protons, neutrons and electrons• Define
proton number 
and
nucleon number 
Use proton number and the simple structure ofatoms to explain the basis of the Periodic Table (seesection 9), with special reference to the elements ofproton number 1 to 20• Define
isotopes 
State the two types of isotopes as being radioactiveand non-radioactiveState one medical and one industrial use ofradioactive isotopesDescribe the build-up of electrons in ‘shells’ andunderstand the significance of the noble gaselectronic structures and of valency electrons (theideas of the distribution of electrons in s and porbitals and in d block elements are
not
required.)(Note: a copy of the Periodic Table, as shown in theAppendix, will be available in Papers 1, 2 and 3)
 
15
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
3.2 Bonding: the structure of matter
Core
Describe the differences between elements,mixtures and compounds, and between metals andnon-metalsDescribe an alloy, such as brass, as a mixture of ametal with other elements3.2 (a) Ions and ionic bonds
Core
Describe the formation of ions by electron lossor gainDescribe the formation of ionic bonds betweenelements from Groups I and VII
Supplement
Describe the formation of ionic bondsbetween metallic and non-metallicelementsDescribe the lattice structure of ioniccompounds as a regular arrangement ofalternating positive and negative ions3.2 (b) Molecules and covalent bonds
Core
Describe the formation of single covalent bonds inH
2
, C
2
, H
2
O, CH
4
and HC
as the sharing of pairs ofelectrons leading to the noble gas configurationDescribe the differences in volatility, solubility andelectrical conductivity between ionic and covalentcompounds
Supplement
Describe the electron arrangement inmore complex covalent molecules suchas N
2
, C
2
H
4
, CH
3
OH and CO
2
3.2 (c) Macromolecules
Core
Describe the giant covalent structures of graphite anddiamondRelate their structures to the use of graphite as alubricant and of diamond in cutting
Supplement
Describe the macromolecular structure ofsilicon(
IV
) oxide (silicon dioxide)Describe the similarity in propertiesbetween diamond and silicon(
IV
) oxide,related to their structures3.2 (d) Metallic bonding
Supplement
Describe metallic bonding as a latticeof positive ions in a ‘sea of electrons’and use this to describe the electricalconductivity and malleability of metals
16
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
4. StoichiometryCore
Use the symbols of the elements and write theformulae of simple compoundsDeduce the formula of a simple compound from therelative numbers of atoms presentDeduce the formula of a simple compound from amodel or a diagrammatic representationConstruct word equations and simple balancedchemical equations• Define
relative atomic mass 
,
A
r
• Define
relative molecular mass 
,
r
, as the sum ofthe relative atomic masses (
relative formula mass 
or
r
will be used for ionic compounds)(Calculations involving reacting masses in simpleproportions may be set. Calculations will
not
involvethe mole concept.)
Supplement
Determine the formula of an ioniccompound from the charges on the ionspresentConstruct equations with state symbols,including ionic equationsDeduce the balanced equation fora chemical reaction, given relevantinformation4.1 The mole concept
Supplement
Define the
mole 
and the
Avogadro constant 
Use the molar gas volume, taken as24 dm
3
at room temperature and pressureCalculate stoichiometric reacting massesand volumes of gases and solutions,solution concentrations expressedin g/dm
3
and mol/dm
3
. (Calculationsinvolving the idea of limiting reactantsmay be set. Questions on the gas lawsand the conversion of gaseous volumes todifferent temperatures and pressures will
not
be set.)Calculate empirical formulae andmolecular formulaeCalculate % yield and % purity
 
17
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
5. Electricity and chemistryCore
Describe the electrode products in theelectrolysis of:molten lead(
II
) bromideconcentrated hydrochloric acidconcentrated aqueous sodium chloridebetween inert electrodes (platinum or carbon)State the general principle that metals or hydrogenare formed at the negative electrode (cathode), andthat non-metals (other than hydrogen) are formed atthe positive electrode (anode)
Supplement
Relate the products of electrolysis tothe electrolyte and electrodes used,exemplified by the specific examples inthe Core together with aqueous copper(
II
)sulfate using carbon electrodes and usingcopper electrodes (as used in the refiningof copper)Describe electrolysis in terms of the ionspresent and reactions at the electrodes inthe examples givenPredict the products of the electrolysis of a specifiedbinary compound in the molten stateDescribe the electroplating of metalsName the uses of electroplatingDescribe the reasons for the use of copper and(steel-cored) aluminium in cables, and why plasticsand ceramics are used as insulatorsPredict the products of electrolysis of aspecified halide in dilute or concentratedaqueous solutionDescribe, in outline, the manufacture ofaluminium from pure aluminium oxidein molten cryolitechlorine and sodium hydroxide fromconcentrated aqueous sodium chloride(Starting materials and essential conditionsshould be given but not technical details ordiagrams.)
6. Chemical energetics
6.1 Energetics of a reaction
Core
Describe the meaning of
exothermic 
and
endothermic 
reactions
Supplement
Describe bond breaking as endothermicand bond forming as exothermic
18
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry 0620. Examination in June and November 2013.
4. Curriculum content
6.2 Production of energy
Core
Describe the production of heat energy by burningfuelsDescribe hydrogen as a fuelDescribe radioactive isotopes, such as
235
U, as asource of energy
Supplement
Describe the production of electricalenergy from simple cells, i.e. twoelectrodes in an electrolyte. (This shouldbe linked with the reactivity series insection 10.2 and redox in section 7.3.)Describe the use of hydrogen as apotential fuel reacting with oxygen togenerate electricity in a fuel cell (detailsof the construction and operation of a fuelcell are
not
required)
7. Chemical reactions
7.1 Rate (speed) of reaction
Core
Describe the effect of concentration, particle size,catalysts (including enzymes) and temperature onthe rate (speed) of reactionsDescribe a practical method for investigating the rate(speed) of a reaction involving gas evolutionDescribe the application of the above factors to thedanger of explosive combustion with fine powders(e.g. flour mills) and gases (e.g. mines)Note: Candidates should be encouraged to use the term
rate 
rather than
speed 
.
Supplement
Devise a suitable method for investigatingthe effect of a given variable on the rate(speed) of a reactionInterpret data obtained from experimentsconcerned with rate (speed) of reactionDescribe and explain the effects oftemperature and concentration in terms ofcollisions between reacting particlesDescribe the role of light in photochemicalreactions and the effect of light on the rate(speed) of these reactionsDescribe the use of silver salts inphotography as a process of reduction ofsilver ions to silver; and photosynthesis asthe reaction between carbon dioxide andwater in the presence of chlorophyll andsunlight (energy) to produce glucose andoxygen

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